This paper considers the feasibility and potential implementation of robots in Canadian building construction. The characteristics of the Canadian construction industry are described and factors such as labour costs, productivity, and safety which have a direct bearing on the feasibility of robots utilization are examined. The potential for automation is investigated and motivation factors are analyzed. The main characteristics of construction robots are described and future trends on robotic developments are outlined. The paper also presents the early findings of a research programme including a local survey conducted in the Montrea1 area on the impact of robotization in construction and identifies the present difficulties and future challenges in this field. The research is currently undertaken at the Centre for Building Studies for automation through robotization of the construction processes.