Publications / 2016 Proceedings of the 33rd ISARC, Auburn, USA

Development of BIM-Based Real-time Evacuation and Rescue System for Complex Buildings

Min-Yuan Cheng, Kuan-Chang Chiu, Yo-Ming Hsieh, I-Tung Yang and Jui-Sheng Chou
Pages 999-1008 (2016 Proceedings of the 33rd ISARC, Auburn, USA, ISBN 978-1-5108-2992-3, ISSN 2413-5844)

With the architectural environment is constantly changing such as high-rise buildings, high-ceilinged space, and special space constantly constructed, thus the fire disasters are becoming diverse and difficult to predict. Therefore, the development and application of building's fire disaster prevention integration system become an urgent requirement for prevention the disaster and reach all protection of life and property. The response system and organization of fire prevention and disaster relief currently in Taiwan, the planning of evacuation and rescue guidance main depends on human judgment to obtain disaster information. This method may easily either cause error conduction associated with information transfer or can't rescue immediately due to the human negligence or human limitations. Furthermore, wireless sensor networks have been widely discussed in many domains of building disaster-prevention management. This study will focus on fire disaster and combine the application of Building Information Modeling (BIM) to construct a BIM-based building fire prevention and disaster relief system, with integration of fire prevention equipment information, Bluetooth sensor technology, and route optimization information of evacuation and rescue. In order to create intelligent fire disaster prevention system frame, which applied the BIM model shows the research results of three-dimension (3D) visualization. Under the fire incidents created by information integration platform, it can provide early detection and accurate alarm ability, endangered people can have correct and rapid guide the evacuation, fire-fighters can obtain the correct information and assist the right guidance of the rescue routes, as a result, reached the purposes of safety and disaster reduction.

Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, Building Information Modeling, Bluetooth Sensor, Route Optimization, 3D Visualization