With a focus on mechanical earthworks, automation of limited operations is progressing with regard to driving operations such as hydraulic excavators, bulldozers, and compaction rollers. The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism is promoting public works that positively utilizes automated construction equipment and the like for the purpose of improving productivity at construction sites. In the future, it is expected that the scope of automation of construction machinery will expand due to further technological advances such as AI and IoT. In that discussion, it is instructive to note that the classification of automation driving in automobiles serves as the basis for discussion of technology diffusion. Regarding automated construction machinery as well, in considering the promotion of the introduction of this technology into society, we believe that it is useful to formulate a concept at the autonomous construction level. In this paper, while referring to cases such as classification of automation driving in automobiles, while paying attention to the differences between automatic running of vehicles and autonomous construction of construction machines, a conceptual draft of the level of autonomous construction by construction machines is proposed. In addition to showing the results of the study, the additional study issues that became clear in the study process are shown.??