Autonomous road construction offers the possibility to improve the demanding and error-prone process of road compaction. Compaction results and surface coverage are optimized through the coordination of automated tandem rollers. This paper evaluates the impact of different road compaction strategies, ambient influences, and coordination errors on the resulting road. Thereby, suitable compaction parameters for track length, or number of rollers are determined. The concept has been validated in a simulated road construction environment. Additionally, real compaction tests have been performed using autonomous tandem rollers.