One of the frequently cited drivers for automation and robotics in construction is the potential improvement in safety. Much of the publicity funded research in this area is the exotic and very hazardous applications such as space construction, underwater construction, and clean-up of nuclear and other contaminated sites. These applications, however, make up only a small fraction of the total construction volume. The vast majority of construction projects are more mundane but collectively far more dangerous. This paper exposes the true impact of a contractors loss experience on its WCI costs and bottom line. When contractors realize they are paying for their won losses and are effectively self-insuring, they may have increased incentive to improve their safety performance. Construction automation and robotics may suddenly seem more attractive and cost effective.