Publications / 2002 Proceedings of the 19th ISARC, Washington, USA

Automated Construction Using Contour Crafting -- Applications on Earth and Beyond

B. Khoshnevis, G. Bekey
Pages 489-495 (2002 Proceedings of the 19th ISARC, Washington, USA, ISSN 2413-5844)

Although automation has advanced in manufacturing, the growth of automation in construction has been slow. Conventional methods of manufacturing automation do not lend themselves to construction of large structures with internal features. This may explain the slow rate of growth in construction automation. Contour Crafting (CC) is a recent layered fabrication technology that has a great potential in automated construction of whole structures as well as sub-components. Using this process, a single house or a colony of houses, each with possibly a different design, may be automatically constructed in a single run, imbedded in each house all the conduits for electrical, plumbing and air-conditioning. Our research also addresses the application of CC in building habitats on other planets. CC will most probably be one of the very few feasible approaches for building structures on other planets, such as Moon and Mars, which are being targeted for human colonization before the end of the new century.

Keywords: Contour Crafting, housing construction, construction on other planets