This paper introduces the result of a survey aimed at identifying the factors that affect the quality management system of construction process in China. This research was carried out to analyze the factors and to rank them according to their degree of importance. Two phases (design phase and construction phase) of constructions life cycle are identified. The perceptions of different participants are obtained by means of a questionnaire survey. Special focus is given to the impact that quality management system is the link among the owners, the designers, the supervisors and the contractors. It is anticipated that discussion of these factors will provide a basis for future strategies to promote the development of quality management in China, and also provide useful reference for the foreign countries to understand Chinese style of management.