This paper presents an ongoing research project concerning the development of an automated safety assessment framework for earthmoving and surface mining activities. This research seeks to determine data needs for safety assessment and investigates how to utilize collected data to promote more informed and efficient safety decision-making. The research first examined accidents and fatalities involved with earthmoving and surface mining activitiesmore specifically, those involving loading, hauling, and dumping operations,investigated risk factors involved with the accidents, and finally identified data needs for safety assessment based on safety regulations and practices. An automated safety assessment method was then developed using the data needs that had been identified. This research is expected to contribute to the introduction of a fundamental framework for automated safety assessment and the systematic collection of safety-related data from construction activities. Implementation of the entire safety assessment process on actual construction sites remains a task for future research.