Publications / 2013 Proceedings of the 30th ISARC, Montréal, Canada

Development of a Total Station with a Concentric Circle Reticle and a Navigation System for Pile Driving

Kazuhide Nakaniwa, Nobuyoshi Yabuki, Yukio Abe, Daisuke Nishi
Pages 426-434 (2013 Proceedings of the 30th ISARC, Montréal, Canada, ISBN 978-1-62993-294-1, ISSN 2413-5844)

In this research, we devised a measurement method using total stations (TSs) which have “the Baum” which is a concentric circle reticle, as substitute for crosshairs. The Baum owes its name to the similarity between the concentric circles and trees (Baum in German). By setting one circle on both of edges of cylinders, operators can set their sights on points on the center line of the cylinders, and also can measure positional coordinates of the points. Also, by measuring two different points on the center line, operators can measure the position and tilt of the axes of the cylinders. Furthermore, we developed a pile driving navigation system. Foundation piles are used for various structures, and their forms are generally cylindrical. Especially, although it is difficult to drive tilted pile foundations, their usage are expected to expand due to their high earthquake resistance. Yet, a method to accurately measure the tilts of piles has not been established. However, we proved that operators can obtain adequate accuracy to control foundation piles through the measurement experiment using this system. Using this system, the information of the pile is measured using a TS, transferred to a PDA, and displayed from the operator’s view of the piling machine.

Keywords: Total station, reticle, piling work, non-prism, cylindrical structure