Publications / 2013 Proceedings of the 30th ISARC, Montréal, Canada

TSP-Based Model for On-Site Material Handling Operations with Tower Cranes

Amir Zavichi, Kaveh Madani, Petros Xanthopoulos, Amr A. Oloufa
Pages 1288-1295 (2013 Proceedings of the 30th ISARC, Montréal, Canada, ISBN 978-1-62993-294-1, ISSN 2413-5844)

Today, with the necessity of timely, on-budget and high quality completion of projects, proper use of construction equipment is essential to ensure project success. Construction equipment places a large monetary burden on the project and if not utilized efficiently, it can result in economic losses. Cranes are one of the most important and expensive operational devices on construction sites. They play a central role, and often activities that rely on crane services fall on the project’s critical path. Currently, material-handling scheduling is done by the crane operator or by an on-duty superintendent using his/hers personal judgment, making the process manual and timeconsuming. Thus, developing an optimal schedule, which considers different dynamic constraints in construction job site, may not be possible based on the current practice. This leads to longer operation times and a negative impact on project cost. This paper presents the latest results of an ongoing study, which aims to design and implement a nearreal time crane operation decision support system to be utilized directly by the crane operator or as an aid for the superintendent in scheduling optimal operation services. This system has several advantages such as maximizing the efficiency of crane operations, guaranteeing the best operation possible to reduce the crane’s travel time, reducing crews and equipment idle time, and minimizing the dependence on subjective human judgments.

Keywords: Optimization, Scheduling, Tower crane, Automation, Decision support system