In this paper the current state of the art in the field of construction robotics and advanced automation in Australia is reviewed. The status of general robotic engineering in Australia is firstly discussed and then the commercial applications scene is reviewed. The current extent of robotic use on site and off-site is surveyed and some studies of the implications of widespread robotic use are presented. The direction of current advanced thinking in building and constructional robotics is discussed. It is concluded that the potential of robotic technology in Australia is far from being recognised or exploited.