The article describes two R&D projects which are now in progress to develop robots for the Swedish construction industry. The projects are being carried out by two co-operating groups, one in the Stockholm area and one in the Gothenburg area. In addition to these projects, a long-term research project is being carried out jointly by the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm and Chalmers University of technology in Gothenburg. Today there are a number of robots- broadly defined which are used for tunnel drilling, piling, demolishing concrete, load carrying, concrete grinding and floor cleaning. The Swedish construction industry utilises such robots which have been developed both domestically and abroad. These robots are not described in this article. Robots are also used in the manufacture of building components. For example, there are robots designed for painting bathtubs. Further, the manufacturing of small houses has been increasingly rationalised through the utilisation of CAD/CAM techniques*.These robots are not described in this article, either.