Publications / 2014 Proceedings of the 31st ISARC, Sydney, Australia

Near-Miss Accident Detection for Ironworkers Using Inertial Measurement Unit Sensors

Sepideh S. Aria, Kanghyeok Yang, Changbum R. Ahn, Mehmet C. Vuran
Pages 854-859 (2014 Proceedings of the 31st ISARC, Sydney, Australia, ISBN 978-0-646-59711-9, ISSN 2413-5844)

In the construction industry, fall accidents are the leading cause of construction-related fatalities; in particular, ironworkers have the highest risk of fatal accidents. Detecting near-miss accidents for ironworkers provides crucial information for interrupting and preventing the precursors of fall accidents while simultaneously addressing the problem of sparse accident data for ironworkers’ fallrisk assessments. However, current methods for detecting near-miss accidents are based upon workers’ self-reporting, which introduces variability to the collected data. This paper aims to present a method that uses Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) sensor data to automatically detect near-miss accidents during ironworkers’ walking motion. Then, using a Primal Laplacian Support Vector Machine, a developed semi-supervised algorithm trains a system to predict near-miss incidents using this data. The accuracy of this semi-supervised algorithm was measured with different metrics to assess the impact of the automated near-miss incident detection in construction worksites. The experimental validation of the algorithm indicates that near-miss incidents may be estimated and classified with considerable accuracy—above 98 percent. Then the computational burden of the proposed algorithm was compared with a One-Class Support Vector Machine (OC-SVM). Based upon the proposed detection approach, highrisk actions in the construction site can be detected efficiently, and steps towards reducing or eliminating them may be taken.

Keywords: Sensing and Communication, worker safety, near-misss, Inertial Measurement Unit sensor