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2014 Proceedings of the 31st ISARC, Sydney, Australia

Construction Automation Needs and Challenges in Emerging Countries

Koshy Varghese
Pages 2-2

Abstract: The need for automation has conventionally been driven by the shortage and rising costs of skilled workers. There has been a perception that in emerging countries such as India, the priority for automation is low due to the availability of skilled workers. However, the massive scale of infrastructure development planned ...

Keywords: No keywords

The Challenges and Trends of Building Information Modelling (BIM) for Construction and Resources Sectors

Xiangyu Wang, Heap-Yih Chong
Pages 4-6

Abstract: Productivity is a comprehensive problem in many countries. Particularly in construction and resources sectors, low productivity will potentially discourage future investments as building assets is becoming more and more unaffordable and unsustainable. In recent years, Building Information Modelling (BIM) is becoming much more active than ever. In order to fully ...

Keywords: Productivity; Integration; Building Information Modelling (BIM); Challenges; Trends

Options for Sustainable Energy Planning for Australia

Merched Azzi
Pages 7-10

Abstract: Access to sustainable, affordable and secure energy is one of the major Australian strategic priorities to maintain and improve the health of Australians, sustain economic growth, and to mitigate climate change. Australia is investing in clean, efficient, reliable energy systems to secure a prosperous and, environmentally sustainable future. In addition, ...

Keywords: Future energy; sustainable energy; distributed generation; centralised power generation; Post combustion Capture


Thomas Bock
Pages 11-18

Abstract: Conventional construction reached its limits. Numerous construction projects, such as Cologne subway site causing a billion euro collapse of a library containing cultural heritage assets, the x times cost overruns of Elbphilharmony Hamburg and the x tens of thousands quality defects of Berlin Brandenburg Airport indicate the necessity of an ...

Keywords: Construction Robotics, Automation, Robot Oriented Design, Industrialization, Kinematics, construction quality, building performance, cost overruns, quality defects

Towards Fully Automated Tunnel Inspection: A Survey and Future Trends

C. Balaguer, R. Montero, J. G. Victores, S. Martínez, A. Jardón
Pages 19-33

Abstract: Tunnels environments are characterized by dust, humidity, and absence of natural light. Artificial and natural impacts, change in load criteria, or the simple effect of ageing, make tunnels require inspection and maintenance. These operations are commonly performed by human workers taking time and expertise without guarantee quality control. Robotic tunnel ...

Keywords: Robotics, Automation, Inspection, Maintenance, Tunnels

Economic Model Predictive Control - A Review

Tri Tran, K.-V. Linga, Jan M. Maciejowski
Pages 35-42

Abstract: Leveraging the advanced estimation and control algorithms for power systems have always been associated with the renewable energy sources, rational power generation, consumer stimulus, emission reduction, as well as economically viable objectives. The model predictive control (MPC) strategies, that employ an economic-related cost function for real-time control, has lately proved ...

Keywords: Economic MPC, Quadratic dissipativity constraint

Infrastructure Robotics: Research Challenges and Opportunities

D.K. Liu, G. Dissanayake, J. Valls Miro, K.J. Waldron
Pages 43-49

Abstract: Infrastructure robotics is about research on and development of methodologies that enable robotic systems to be used in civil infrastructure inspection, maintenance and rehabilitation. This paper briefly discusses the ...

Keywords: Infrastructure robotics, autonomous robots, inspection, maintenance, civil infrastructure

Visual and Acoustic Data Analysis for the Bridge Deck Inspection Robotic System

Hung Manh La, Nenad Gucunski, Seong-Hoon Kee, Luan Nguyen
Pages 50-57

Abstract: Bridge deck inspection is essential task to monitor the health of the bridges. This paper reports the data collection and analysis for bridge decks based on our novel robotic system which can autonomously and accurately navigate on the bridge. The developed robotic system can lessen the cost and time of ...

Keywords: Mobile robotic systems, Bridge deck inspection, Image Stitching, Nondestructive evaluation

Demand Response Under the Smart Grid Paradigm

M. Negnevitsky
Pages 58-71

Abstract: Electric power industry is undergoing a profound change. The change is driven by technical, economic and environmental factors. The emerging challenges are particularly significant for distribution grids, where the level of automation or “smartness” is relatively low. With the push for energy conservation, demand-side management (DSM) and demand response (DR) ...

Keywords: Smart Grid, Distribution System, Demand-side Management, Demand Response.

Future Intelligent Civil Structures: Challenges and Opportunities

J. C. Li, Y. Li, M. Askari, Q. P. Ha
Pages 72-79

Abstract: An intelligent civil structure offers ultimate protection to its structure, contents and occupants in terms of safety and functionality against undesired dynamic loadings and structural deficiency. In this paper, the concept of the future intelligent civil ...

Keywords: Intelligent civil structures, Structural control, Structural health monitoring, Self-adaptive, Self-prognostic, Self-sensing, Self-powering, Self-repairing

Control of an Adaptive Light Shelf Using Multi-Objective Optimization

Benny Raphael
Pages 81-87

Abstract: Users are increasingly expecting intelligent behavior from automated building systems. However, incorporating and integrating user preferences in an automatic control algorithm is a complex task. In most commercial systems, control is done through local search techniques ...

Keywords: Building automation, Control, lightshelf, multi-objective optimization, energy efficiency

Automatic Positioning and Alignment for Hole Navigation in Surface Drilling

T. Pirinen, J. Lassila, M. Loimusalo, J. Pursimo, S. Hanski
Pages 88-94

Abstract: Satellite-based positioning is becoming the prevalent solution for positioning and alignment of drill holes in open pit mines, quarries and construction sites. This is due to the accuracy and convenience of the systems, leading to improved blasting ...

Keywords: Automation and control, drill rig, hole navigation, surface drilling, positioning, alignment, autonomous drilling, drill automation

A Study on the Thermal Crack Control of Large Turbine Foundation using Automated Curing System

Ju-hyung Ha, Ok-pin Na, Chang-keun Lim, Yun-gu Cho
Pages 95-102

Abstract: The thermal crack occurrence from hydration heat is one of the most important factors that significantly affect structural quality and construction period in mass concrete. Therefore, appropriate methods to control the thermal crack are necessary for mass concrete. In this study, the probability of thermal cracking was checked by FEM ...

Keywords: Mass concrete , Automated curing system, Thermal crack control

Integrated Approach to Machine Guidance and OperationsMonitoring in Tunnel Construction

X. Shen, M. Lu, S. Mao, X. Wu
Pages 103-109

Abstract: Tunnel construction method using a tunnel boring machine (TBM) is commonly adopted for building underground infrastructure, such as railways, roads, sewers, or utility pipelines. TBM tunnelling entails precise guidance of the machine in the underground space, as well as effective construction management and project control. The research aims to address ...

Keywords: Automation and Control, Tunnel Construction, Machine Control and Guidance, Wireless Sensor Networks, 3D Visualization, Project Management and Control

Dynamic Risk Assessment in Construction Projects Using Bayesian Networks

Limao Zhang, Xianguo Wu, Miroslaw J. Skibniewski, Jingbing Zhong
Pages 110-119

Abstract: This paper presents a systemic Bayesian network (BN) based approach for dynamic risk assessment for adjacent buildings in tunnel construction. This approach consists of four steps in detail, namely, hazard analysis, BN learning and BN-based risk analysis. In the dynamic risk analysis framework, the predictive, sensitivity and diagnostic analysis techniques ...

Keywords: Dynamic risk assessment, adjacent buildings, tunnel construction, Bayesian network, case study

Nonlinear Flatness-Based Controller for Permanent Magnet-Excited Synchronous Motor

Pham Tam Thanh, Nguyen D. That
Pages 120-125

Abstract: This paper addresses the problem of nonlinear discrete-time flatness-based controller design for a Permanent Magnet-Excited Synchronous Motor (PMSM). To eliminate the static errors of the system state variables and consider the nonlinear characteristics of a PMSM, a cascaded flatnessbased control scheme is proposed. Simulation results are provided to illustrate the ...

Keywords: Flatness-based control, Permanent Magnet-Excited Synchronous Motor (PMSM), nonlinear control, real-time control

Modified Discrete Event Simulation Algorithm for Control of Automated Construction Operations

Joseph Louis, Phillip Dunston
Pages 126-133

Abstract: Few robots are found on the worksite today and the construction process has remained unchanged since pre-industrial times, the only major advancement being the replacement of human and animal power with motors, despite research efforts in construction automation. Contrarily, the planning stages of projects have benefited from advances in simulation ...

Keywords: Automation and Control, Simulation, Robots, Construction Operations

Performance Test for Rapid Surface Modeling of DynamicConstruction Equipment from Laser Scanner Data

C. Wang, Y.K. Cho
Pages 134-141

Abstract: In modern dynamic construction fields, more attention has been paid on safely operating heavy construction equipment such as cranes, excavators, and concrete pump. In order to improve the safety in complicated jobsites, it is highly required to provide heavy equipment operators with accurate measurement of on-site objects in near real ...

Keywords: Construction equipment, Point cloud, Object recognition, 3D modeling, Safety

Space Technologies of Life Support Systems for the Metropolitan Cities

N. Buzalo, A. Bulgakov, T. Bock
Pages 142-148

Abstract: The paper deals with the use of biological life support systems, initially created for long-duration space flights [1, 2], for the solution of problems with the sustainability of metropolitan cities, which must meet the requirements of decrease of environmental load. Motivated by applications in issues of design of water purification ...

Keywords: Space Technologies, Life Support Systems, Metropolitan Cities, Mathematical Modelling of Ecosystems

Offshore Container Crane Systems with Robust OptimalSliding Mode Control

R. M. T. Raja Ismail, Nguyen D. That, Q. P. Ha
Pages 149-156

Abstract: Open-sea ship-to-ship transfer operation is an alternative way to avoid port congestion. This process involves a relatively small vessel which transports containers between the harbour and a large cargo ship equipped with a container crane. However, the presence of disturbances and uncertainties caused by harsh open-sea conditions can produce an ...

Keywords: Sliding mode control, Offshore crane, Ocean wave, Gusty wind, Lyapunov, Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR).

Force Control of Cleaning Tool System for Building Wall Maintenance Robot on Built-in Guide Rail

C.Y. Shin, S.M. Moon, J.H. Kwon, J. Huh, D. Hong
Pages 157-162

Abstract: In modern days, there has been an increasing trend to build high-rise buildings. Until now, the methods to maintain building wall have relied on human efforts. However, there exist dangers and difficulties caused by height of buildings. Due to this problem, the need for system that can maintain building wall ...

Keywords: Force control, Flow control, Building maintenance robot, Façade cleaning

Towards Autonomous Robotic In-Situ Assembly on Unstructured Construction Sites Using Monocular Vision

C. Feng, Y. Xiao, A. Willette, W. McGee, V.R. Kamat
Pages 163-170

Abstract: Unlike robotics in the manufacturing industry, on-site construction robotics has to consider and address two unique challenges: 1) the rugged, evolving, and unstructured environment of typical work sites; 2) the reversed spatial relationship between the product and the manipulator, i.e. the manipulator has to travel to and localize itself at ...

Keywords: On-Site Construction Robotics, Autonomous Assembly, Modular Construction, Pose Estimation

Automated Dynamic Management of Road ConstructionSites

R. Heikkilä, E. Viljamaa, A. Kaaranka, T. Makkonen, I. Peltomaa
Pages 171-175

Abstract: Automated dynamic management of road construction sites has been studied within the DigiINFRA research project in Finland. A review of currently available commercial solution, including most popular commercial softwares and systems in global markets (Topcon Sitelink3D, Trimble applications, Novatron Xsite, Leica iCONTelematics, Infrakit), is drawn. Test results of the last ...

Keywords: Automation, Road Construction, Dynamic Management, Dynamic Control

A New Hysteretic Model for Magnetorheological Elastomer Base Isolator and Parameter Identification Based on Modified Artificial Fish Swarm Algorithm

Y. Yu, Y. Li, J. Li
Pages 176-183

Abstract: Magnetorheological elastomer (MRE) base isolator is a new semi-active control device that has recently acquired more attention. This paper proposes a new model for MRE base isolator to portray the nonlinear hysteresis between generated force and the displacement. In this model, a hyperbolic expression is proposed to compare with the ...

Keywords: Base isolation; Magnetorheological elastomer; Parameter identification; Artificial fish swarm

Development of Lightweight BIM Shape Format Structureto Represent Large Volume Geometry Objects Using GISwith Facility Management

T.W. Kang, C.H. Hong
Pages 185-193

Abstract: This study focuses on the development of a lightweight building information management (BIM) shape format (LBSF) structure to represent largevolume BIM geometry objects using the geographical information system (GIS) with building facility management. Recently, BIM-based facility management with GIS has been researched with regard to urban facility management. To implement ...

Keywords: BIM, Lightweight, Shape, Format, Performance

The Adoption of Building Information Modeling in the Design Organization: An Empirical Study of Architects inKorean Design Firms

H. Son, S. Lee, N. Hwang, C. Kim
Pages 194-201

Abstract: Recently, Building Information Modeling (BIM) technology has attracted much attention in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. Despite the growing interest in BIM technology, the benefits of BIM have not yet been fully realized during the course of implementation of BIM because of its low adoption rate among architects. ...

Keywords: Behavioral intention, Building and architecture, uilding information modeling, Technology acceptance model, Design organizations

A Demonstration of BIM-Enabled Quantitative Circulation Analysis Using BERA Language

Hyunsoo Lee, Jisoo Kim, Minkyu Shin, Inhan Kim, Jin-Kook Lee
Pages 202-209

Abstract: This paper describes a BIM-enabled spatial analysis approach that enables us to compute specific quantitative data using BERA (Building Environment Rule and Analysis) Language and its tool. By comparing design alternatives for an actual building model, this paper also demonstrates building circulation and its associated properties of numeric data. The ...

Keywords: Indoor spatial analysis, automated design review, rule-checking, BERA language, building circulation, Numeric data, NDBC

Graph-based Representation of Building Circulation With the Most-Remote Points and Virtual Space Objects

Jisoo Kim, Hyunsoo Lee, Minkyu Shin, Jin Won Choib, Jin-Kook Lee
Pages 210-216

Abstract: This research aims to develop a graph-based representation of building circulation as an extended version of the metric graph structure named UCN (Universal Circulation Network). There are several different methods and algorithms to represent pedestrians’ indoor circulation for architectural purposes. The UCN has introduced a BIM-enabled approach to measure walking ...

Keywords: Building Information Modeling (BIM), Building Circulation, Metric Graph, Universal Circulation Network (UCN), Virtual Space, Most-remote Point

An Integrated Approach to the Visualization of Indoor Temperature Changes on the Floor Plans

Minkyu Shin, Sang-ik Lee, Jisoo Kim, Hyunsoo Lee, Gyuyeob Jeon, Jin-Kook Lee
Pages 217-223

Abstract: This paper aims to develop a mechanism for visualizing indoor environment data set sensed by diverse sensors. The focus of this research is the development of an integrated visualization process using accumulated data from sensors, rather than the qualitative analysis of indoor environment. In this regard, we use a test-purposed ...

Keywords: Sensed data, Numeric data, Parameters for visualization, Indoor temperature changes

Application of Dijkstra’s Algorithm in the Smart Exit Sign

Jehyun Cho, Ghang Lee, Jongsung Won, Eunseo Ryu
Pages 224-229

Abstract: Previous studies on automated fire-egress guidance systems have focused on providing the shortest path information from a specific person at a certain point to the closest exit mostly using a mobile device. This study aims to develop a Smart Exit Sign system that can detect dangerous areas in real time ...

Keywords: Shortest path algorithm, Evacuation system, Exit sign

Smart Housing for Reducing Energy Use in Single-Households, Emphasizing Effective Energy Management

S.J. Park, M.J. Kim, S.Y. Kim
Pages 230-237

Abstract: Single-households, one of the new housing types to emerge recently, seem to experience difficulties in the management of energy use due to the short duration of their residence. However, there has been little study on effective energy management in singlehouseholds. If we can find solutions that reduce energy consumption through ...

Keywords: Smart Technology, Single Households, Energy Consumption, Energy Management

Is there Really a Case for Off-Site Manufacturing?

E. Duc, P. J. Forsythe, K. Orr
Pages 238-246

Abstract: The solution often suggested to mitigate poor time, cost and quality in construction is to produce buildings in an automated and industrialised environment. To date, use of Off-Site Manufacturing (OSM) in Australia has enjoyed extremely limited success. Distilling the variables in the success and failure of OSM in other places ...

Keywords: Off-site Manufacturing, housing, drivers and barriers, sustainability, mass customisation

Building Arrangement Optimization for Urban Ventilation Potential Using Genetic Algorithm and CFD Simulation

J. Lim, R. Ooka
Pages 247-252

Abstract: In this study, we developed a computation-al fluid dynamics (CFD)-based method to optimize the arrangement of buildings for urban ventilation potential at the conceptual design stage and demonstrated its application in a case study. For CFD-based optimization, three calculation components must be assembled: an optimizer, a geometry/mesh generator, and CFD ...

Keywords: Building shape, Urban ventilation, Urban design, Optimization, CFD simulation, Genetic algorithm

Wood-Frame Wall Panel Sequencing Based on Discrete-Event Simulation and Particle Swarm Optimization

Mohammed Sadiq Altaf, Mohamed Al-Hussein, Haitao Yu
Pages 254-261

Abstract: In recent years off-site construction has become popular in North America due to the superior quality of the product, improved productivity, and reduced environmental impact. The panelized construction approach is one of the most readily utilized off-site construction methods. In a wood-frame panelized construction plant, wall panels are customized according ...

Keywords: Panelized construction, Discrete-event simulation, Particle swarm optimization, Panel sequencing

Integrated Visualization and Simulation for LiftingOperations of Modules under Congested Environment

SangHyeok Han, Zhen Lei, Ahmed Bouferguène, Mohamed Al-Hussein, Ulrich Hermann
Pages 262-269

Abstract: Modular-based heavy construction projects are recognized as faster, safer, and more efficient than traditional those completed through on-site construction methods. The successful completion of these projects relies on an efficient material handling system, especially when mobile cranes are utilized to satisfy heavy lift requirements. However, engineers are faced with the ...

Keywords: Mobile crane, post-3D visualization simulation, crane performance, productivity, industrial projects

Post-Simulation Visualization Application for Production Improvement of Modular Construction Manufacturing

M. Moghadam, B. Barkokebas, M. Al-Hussein
Pages 270-277

Abstract: The modular construction manufacturing (MCM) process is a complex operation that combines line flow product movement with a complex activity precedence network. There are physical constraints related to the given facility, as well as logical constraints caused by demand variation. In order to change production line layout and make improvements ...

Keywords: Modular Construction Manufacturing, Lean, Production, Simulation, Visualization, Resource Utilization

Improving Productivity of Yard Trucks in Port Container Terminal Using Computer Simulation

Essmeil Ahmed, Tarek Zayed, Sabah Alkass
Pages 278-285

Abstract: In port container terminals, reducing vessel turnaround time improves the terminal productivity and increases the capacity of world trades across the globe. This time reduction can be achieved by improving one or more container terminal major resources. Much research has been done on improving container terminal efficiency as a means ...

Keywords: Container terminal, Quay crane, Yard Truck, Double cycle, Simulation

BIM-Based Integrated Framework for Detailed Cost Estimation and Schedule Planning of Construction Projects

Hexu Liu, Ming Lu, Mohamed Al-Hussein
Pages 286-294

Abstract: With the increasing popularity of Building Information Modeling (BIM), several research studies have focused on its application in the construction industry, and advancements such as developments of BIM-based tools for construction scheduling and cost estimating have been carried out. Nevertheless, these tools are each developed only for one particular aspect ...

Keywords: Building Information Modeling, Integrated Framework, Detailed Cost Estimation, Construction Scheduling

A Discrete Firefly Algorithm for the Scaffolding Modular Construction in Mega Projects

J.J. Liu, L. Hou, X.Y. Wang
Pages 295-301

Abstract: Productivity is critical to large and complex capital projects in sectors like infrastructure and resources. It normally relates to a significant scheduling issue when pursuing both time and cost objectives. A poor planning of project schedule might incur both excessive labour cost and project delay. Looking at scaffolding activity, a ...

Keywords: LNG, Time and cost trade-offs (TCTPs), Firefly Optimization Algorithm, Scaffolding

Enhanced Online LS-SVM Using EMD Algorithm for Prices Prediction of Building Materials

Ying-Hao Yu, Hsiao-Che Chien, Pi-Hui Ting, Jung-Yi Jiang, Pei-Yin Chen
Pages 302-308

Abstract: Cost estimation is economically critical before starting off a construction project. One of the essential assignments for materials’ prices prediction is to control the cost of inventory. Even though the prediction system based on support vector machine (SVM) recently has been emerged as a favourable choice, the prediction accuracy of ...

Keywords: Support Vector Machine, Nonstationary Data, Empirical Mode Decomposition, Intrinsic Mode Functions, Online LS-SVM

An Interactive Progress Monitoring System Using Image Processing in Mobile Computing Environment

Hongjo Kim, Kinam Kim, Sungjae Park, Jihoon Kim, Hyoungkwan Kim
Pages 309-312

Abstract: A timely progress monitoring is essential for the success of a large-scale construction project. It enables a site manager to properly prepare resources and make plans for the remaining part of the construction activities. Recently, mobile computing and image processing have been investigated as a means of automating progress monitoring. ...

Keywords: Construction management, Progress monitoring, Image Processing, Mobile Computing, Cable-stayed bridge

Constructability and Safety Performance Based Design: A Design and Assessment Tool for the Building Process

P. Capone, V. Getuli, T. Giusti
Pages 313-320

Abstract: The theme of this contribution fits astride two strands of Construction Management Studies: “health and safety risk management” on construction site and “constructability” design approach. Specifically we faces two problems usually considered separately: the lack of specificity, synergy, effectiveness between safety planning and construction process and the lack of concurrence ...

Keywords: Construction Management, Project Management, Safety, Constructability, Buildability, Design

Integrating Building Information Modelling and Firefly Algorithm to Optimize Tower Crane Layout

Jun Wang, Jianjun Liu, Wenchi Shou, Xiangyu Wang, Lei Hou
Pages 321-328

Abstract: Tower crane layout design and planning within construction site is a common construction technical issue and regarded as a complex combinatorial problem. To transport heavy materials, such as rebar, formwork, scaffolding, equipment and steel, tower cranes are needed and should be well located to reduce construction cost and improve safety ...

Keywords: Tower crane, Firefly algorithm; Building Information Modelling (BIM), Site layout

A Model for Construction Contractor Selection Using Competitive Intelligence (CI)

Mahdi Safa, Arash Shahi, Carl T. Haas, Majeed Safa, Keith Hipel, Sandra MacGillivray, Dawn Fiander-McCann
Pages 329-336

Abstract: While comprehensive and ongoing competitive intelligence (CI) is employed in a variety of industries to provide valuable input for broad strategic decisions, the construction industry lags behind in adopting this technique. This paper presents a CI model for use in the construction contractor selection process, which is a critical element ...

Keywords: Construction management, Competitive Intelligence (CI), Megaproject, Contractor selection, Risk

Safety Management for Existing Buildings in Tunnel Construction

Limao Zhang, Xianguo Wu, Miroslaw J. Skibniewski, Hongyu Chen
Pages 337-345

Abstract: This paper develops a systematic approach with detailed step-by-step procedures for safety management of existing buildings adjacent to tunneling excavation. The potential safety risk of a specific nearby building is assessed within four different risk levels, with the spatial neighbor relation (hazard parameter) and the building health condition (vulnerability component) ...

Keywords: Safety management, adjacent buildings, tunnel construction, case study, numerical analysis

Developing Technology-Assisted Multi-Disciplinary Learning Strategies

S. Gandhi, S. Sankaran, M. Er, K. Orr, H. Khabbaz
Pages 346-353

Abstract: The construction industry is multi-disciplinary and collaborative in nature. Project managers are expected to understand the relations, roles and responsibilities in this collaborative working environment. Construction project managers need to be equipped with skills to process and understand the principles of interdisciplinary working. In order to keep pace with industry ...

Keywords: Project-based learning, Multi disciplinary teams in education, Flipped and blended learning, Collaboration, Interactive learning spaces, action research

Safety Practices in the Lebanese Construction Market: Contractors’ Perspective

R. Awwad, M. Jabbour, O. El Souki
Pages 354-360

Abstract: The construction industry in the world is considered to be one of the most dangerous industries, claiming each year the lives of many workers. In particular, the boom in the construction industry in the Middle East over the past decades was accompanied with significant increase in death tolls and injuries ...

Keywords: Construction management, injuries, hazards, construction safety, construction worker, safety and health management systems, Lebanese construction market

5D BIM: A Case Study of an Implementation Strategy in the Construction Industry

Anoop Sattineni, Jennifer A. Macdonald
Pages 361-367

Abstract: Several factors have contributed to the growth of BIM usage in the global construction industry, including availability of appropriate software and hardware tools, the opportunity to minimize errors, waste & cost and increasingly competitive markets [1][2]. An emerging approach in the construction industry is the use of 5D-BIM, by combining ...

Keywords: Construction Management, 5D-BIM, Case Study, 5D-BIM Implementation

Simulation of On-Shore Wind Farm Construction Process in Lebanon

E. Zankoul, H. Khoury
Pages 368-376

Abstract: For the past thirty years, Lebanon has been experiencing cuts in electricity, thus compelled to import it and use noisy and extremely unhealthy generators. This happened at very high prices with even mediocre quality. Hence, an adequate solution to this shortage in electricity supply can be achieved through the use ...

Keywords: Construction Management, Wind Energy, Wind Farm, Simulation, Optimization, AnyLogic

Developing an Ontology-Based Representation Framework for Establishing Cost Analysis Knowledge Base for Construction Work Items

Han-Hsiang Wang, Shao-Wei Weng, Abdoul Aziz Gansonre, Wei-Chih Wang
Pages 377-384

Abstract: Successful implementation of construction projects depends on accurate cost estimation. Cost analysis of construction work items is essential to a cost estimating process for contractors. However, current cost analysis tasks cannot be implemented effectively in practices. Therefore, this study proposes an ontology-based representation framework that aims to address such practical ...

Keywords: Construction Management, Cost Analysis, Cost Estimation, Ontological Modeling, Ontology

Estimating the Costs, Energy Use and Carbon Emissions of Concrete Recycling Using Building Information Modelling

A. Akbarnezhad, Z.S. Moussavi Nadoushani
Pages 385-392

Abstract: The economic and environmental benefits achievable through concrete recycling depend on many parameters including, but not limited to, travelling distances between demolished building and concrete recycling plant and/or landfills, prices of natural and recycled aggregates and the desired quality of the recycled aggregates which itself depends on a number of ...

Keywords: Building Information Modelling, Concrete, Recycling, Cost, Carbon

An Integrated 5D Tool for Quantification of Construction Process Emissions and Accident Identification

J.K.W. Wong, H. Li, G. Chan, H. Wang, T. Huang, E. Luo
Pages 393-397

Abstract: The environmental and safety performance of construction sites are increasingly regarded as critical factors that need to be monitored for the successful completion of construction projects. Research has also repeatedly highlighted the need to minimise the carbon footprint of the construction process and enhance the capacity of the project team ...

Keywords: Carbon emissions, construction process, virtual prototyping, construction accidents

Employing Ant Colony for the Optimal Reduction of Project Risk Severity

N.Y. Zabel, M.E. Georgy, M.E. Ibrahim
Pages 398-403

Abstract: Efforts undertaken in identifying, analyzing and assessing project risks are only made good use of when proper risk treatment strategies are decided upon and pursued. Based on the criteria established by senior management, the risk management plan goes about defining how each risk is to be handled. There are options ...

Keywords: Risk management, Risk treatment, Risk mapping, Optimization, Ant Colony

Incorporating Uncertainty into Project Schedule Crashing: An Algorithm

E.S. Subhy, M.E. Georgy, M.E. Ibrahim
Pages 404-409

Abstract: The uncertain environment in which construction projects are executed poses a challenge to project managers and planners alike as they go about planning and controlling these endeavours. Statistical and simulation models have been devised over the years to assist in estimating the time and cost of construction activities while accounting ...

Keywords: Project scheduling, Crashing, Construction resources, Simulation, Optimum construction cost

Automation for Mobile Crane Motion Planning in Industrial Projects

Zhen Lei, SangHyeok Han, Ahmed Bouferguène, Mohamed Al-Hussein, Ulrich Hermann
Pages 410-417

Abstract: Mobile cranes are used to lift heavy modules in industrial projects. These heavy modules are often prefabricated and each project consists of a large number of lifts (e.g., a typical industrial project may have between 150 and 1000 modules to be lifted). To ensure the safety and efficiency of these ...

Keywords: Mobile crane, motion planning, industrial projects, 3D visualization

A Study on Significance of System Dynamics Approach in Understanding Adoption of Information Technology in Building Construction Projects

Vinay Mathews, Koshy Varghese, Ashwin Mahalingam
Pages 418-425

Abstract: Today several activities of a construction project can be supported with information technology tools. However, there have been many cases of technology adoption failure. Lack of understanding about the process of technology adoption is often pointed out as the reason. This paper is based on a study to explore BIM ...

Keywords: System dynamics, Construction projects, Information technology, Adoption

Learning Effect of Interior Finishing and Building Services Works for Multi-Dwelling Complex Project

N. Mine, A. Olanrewaju, M. Takeuchi
Pages 426-433

Abstract: In the construction industry, many individual trades have to work simultaneously. This creates many potential difficulties on the construction site, primarily in relation to efficiency loss and construction period extension. To improve efficiency, a new interior finishing system for dwelling was developed. By using the system, both interior finishing and ...

Keywords: learning curve effect, labour productivity, interior finishing work, building services work, multi-dwelling complex

A Knowledge-Based Framework for Quantity Takeoff and Cost Estimation in the AEC Industry Using BIM

S. Aram, C. Eastman, R. Sacks
Pages 434-442

Abstract: An important set of information provided through Building Information Modeling (BIM) platforms are quantitative properties of design elements and assemblies. The capability to extract or deduce such quantitative properties from explicit and implicit model information is essential for bidding, procurement, production planning, and cost control activities in the AEC projects. ...

Keywords: Knowledge based systems, knowledge inference, quantity take off, cost estimation, precast concrete

The Power of Technology in Bridge Construction Project Management

Fahimeh Zaeri, James Olabode Bamidele Rotimi
Pages 443-449

Abstract: Bridge construction projects are inherently complex and iterative, and these place great demands on project management to apply innovative approaches for more comprehensive analysis of performance data under uncertain conditions. Although new technological-based methods such as simulation have proven to be powerful techniques to cope with cyclic and uncertain project ...

Keywords: Simulation, Bridge construction, Resource Utilization, Uncertainty, Scheduling

A BIM Based Construction Site Layout Planning Framework Considering Actual Travel Paths

J.C.P Cheng, S.S. Kumar
Pages 450-457

Abstract: Construction site layout planning (CSLP) is recognized as a crucial component of construction management. The objective of CSLP is to determine the best arrangement of temporary facilities on a construction site, which would minimize the transportation distance of site personnel and equipment. It could be achieved by creating dynamic layout ...

Keywords: Construction site layout planning (CSLP), Building information modelling (BIM), Genetic algorithm (GA), Non-Euclidean distance

Contrivances to Assist Forest Machine Operator on Forest Road with Steep Slope

Katsutoshi Saibara, Shigeomi Nishigaki, Fujio Matsuda, Shinichi Kubota
Pages 458-465

Abstract: As for forest harvesting in Japan, machine operators have to handle their own forest machines on forest road with steep slope in the deep mountains. One common hazard that they are always facing is machine stability under different ground conditions. This paper presents the contrivances to provide the people concerned ...

Keywords: Forest road, Machine stability, Contrivance, BMPs, Open source software, R, Advance alert, Advance proximity warning

Importance of Planning for the Transport Stage in Procurement of Construction Materials

A. Ahmadian F.F., A. Akbarnezhad, T. H. Rashidi, S.T. Waller
Pages 466-473

Abstract: The use of logistics milestones, as predecessors for construction works, is gaining popularity to improve the control over the material procurement stage and minimize the risks of delay in the project completion resulting from late material deliveries. Transportation is an important phase in the procurement process which can account for ...

Keywords: Transportation, Construction Material, Supply Chain Management, Planning

A Formwork Layout Model Based on Genetic Algorithm

D. Lee, H. Lim, T. Kim, H. Cho, K.I. Kang
Pages 474-479

Abstract: The recent increase in the number of irregularly shaped tall building has caused a continuous increase in the formwork costs. To reduce the cost of forms, modular forms are widely used since they are cheap and reusable. However, they cannot be applied around columns which are irregularly arranged. This study ...

Keywords: formwork layout, optimization, genetic algorithm, tall building

The Case for BIM Uptake among Small Construction Contracting Businesses

P. Forsythe
Pages 480-487

Abstract: Advocates of BIM have the ambition of making it a central tool for information management and collaboration among stakeholders on construction projects. Even so, its implementation is often difficult for small construction contracting businesses, albeit that they make up such a large proportion of the construction industry. This paper uses ...

Keywords: BIM, small business, construction contracting

Energy-Efficient Air-Cooled DX Air-Conditioning Systems with Liquid Pressure Amplification

V. Vakiloroaya, Q.P. Ha
Pages 489-498

Abstract: The objective of this study is to explore an optimal strategy on energy consumption for a direct expansion (DX) air-conditioning system by using a refrigerant pump in the liquid line to allow the system to operate at a lower condensing pressure. An existing DX rooftop package of a commercial building ...

Keywords: Energy Saving; Experimental Study; HVAC; Modelling; Liquid Pressure Amplification

A Closed-Loop System of Construction and Demolition Waste Recycling

J. Brennan, G. Ding, C.-R. Wonschik, K. Vessalas
Pages 499-505

Abstract: This study discusses the construction and demolition waste recycling stream both in Australia and in Germany. Differences and commonalities in commercial practices between the two countries are outlined, and open research questions are introduced. Following McDonough and Braungart’s cradle-to-cradle theorem, and ideal closed-loop system within the building life cycle is ...

Keywords: Construction and Demolition Waste, Closed-loop system

Development and First Testing of a Framework for Predictive Energy Control of Underground Stations

A. Giretti, R. Ansuini, A. Carbonari
Pages 506-513

Abstract: Building Energy Management Systems consist of hardware and software components. The hardware set-up of BEMS is typically made up of a set of computers in charge of building control and sensoractuator networks. The software side of BEMS is usually made up of a number of functional layers that implement standard ...

Keywords: BEMS, predictive control, real-time control

Task Specific Trajectory Profile Selection for Energy Efficient Servo Drive Movements

Christian Hansen, Kai Eggers, Jens Kotlarski, Tobias Ortmaier
Pages 514-522

Abstract: The energy demand of applications using inverter controlled electrical servo drives is considerably dependent on the applied trajectory profiles. In this paper, the improvement potential in supply energy consumption is analyzed with respect to the standard servo controller functionality. The optimal choice of trajectory profiles and execution times for point-to-point ...

Keywords: energy efficiency, servo inverter drive, optimal trajectory profile, energy losses

Implications of Legal Frameworks on Construction and Demolition Waste Recycling – a Comparative Study of the German and Australian Systems

C.-R. Wonschik, J. Brennan, G. Ding, A. Heilmann, K. Vessalas
Pages 523-530

Abstract: This comparative study between German and Australian legislation demonstrates that legal frameworks impact on the way in which recycling systems work. Both Australia and Germany operate as Federations and the autonomy of states influences common federation wide practices and standards. In Germany’s case however, it is obliged to comply with ...

Keywords: Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste, recycling, legislation, Australia, Germany

Predicting Energy Usage Using Historical Data and Linear Models

Majeed Safa, Jeremy Allen, Mahdi Safa
Pages 531-535

Abstract: This paper presents a method to predict energy usage, based on weather conditions and occupancy, using a multiple linear regression model (MLR) in research office buildings. In this study, linear regression models of four research office sites in different regions of New Zealand were selected to show the capability of ...

Keywords: Energy prediction, energy auditing, linear regression model, office buildings, energy saving, optimization

Labor Management in Masonry Construction: A Sustainable Approach

L. Florez, D. Castro-Lacouture
Pages 536-543

Abstract: Work in masonry is divided in different tasks and performed by sub-contractors. Sub-contractors specialize in a given skill to accomplish a specific construction task and usually work with crews. Due to this specialization, multiple crews with different skills are present on the jobsite at any one time and the sub-contractor ...

Keywords: Labor Management, Masonry Construction, Social Sustainability, Simulation Optimization

Modelling October 2013 Bushfire Pollution Episode in New South Wales, Australia

Hiep Nguyen Duc, Sean Watt, David Salter, Toan Trieu
Pages 544-548

Abstract: From mid-October 2013 to the beginning of November 2013, New South Wales (NSW) experienced a significant sustained bushfire spring period in the Blue Mountains, the Central Coast and the Southern Highland causing property damages in those areas, and high pollution (particle and ozone) episodes over the metropolitan areas of Sydney. ...

Keywords: NSW bushfire, WRF meteorological model, particle air pollution, MODIS Aqua/Terra satellites

Towards Measuring the Impact of Personal Control on Energy Use through the Use of Immersive Virtual Environments

Arsalan Heydarian, Joao Carneiro, David Gerber, Burcin Becerik-Gerber
Pages 549-556

Abstract: Recent studies have focused on increasing energy efficiency in commercial buildings through technological means (e.g., efficient HVAC systems, sensors and sensing systems). However, most studies underestimate the impact of occupants’ behavioural choices. Lighting systems account for approximately a fifth of the total electricity consumption in the US; commercial buildings account ...

Keywords: Immersive virtual Environments, Energy-use behaviour, Parametric Design, Human Building Interaction

Automatic Power Managing and Monitoring System Applying for Underground Mines in Vinacomin

Tuan Anh Vu,The Nam Vu
Pages 557-560

Abstract: In the situation of energy deficiency, the management of the economical and efficient power utilization plays an important role in the national energy policies and has been considered as an essential requirement for the coal production enterprises, especially in the underground ones. The report represents the features of the ...

Keywords: Management, monitoring, system, underground mine, automatic, energy efficiency, power, energy saving, Vinacomin

Integrating Energy Simulation in Energy Saving Analysis of Taiwan’s Green Hospital Buildings

Po-Han Chen, Meng-Shen Kan
Pages 561-567

Abstract: Hospitals consume large amounts of energy due to its operation characteristic. The HVAC system designed in hospital buildings runs 24 hours and has special air requirements. This study aims to evaluate the energy-saving efficiency of HVAC system by studying two Taiwan’s green hospital buildings. Results show 40% energy saving efficiency ...

Keywords: Hospital Building, Energy Simulation, eQUEST, Life Cycle Analysis

Measurement Scheme and Automatic Prediction for Ground Vibration Induced by High-Speed Rail on Embankments

Yit-Jin Chen, Yi-Jiun Shen, Chi-Jim Chen
Pages 568-575

Abstract: Experience shows that ground vibration induced by high-speed trains can reach levels that cause environmental problems, such as human annoyance, possible damage to old and historical buildings, and interruption of sensitive instrumentation and processes. In engineering, understanding the characteristics of the vibration source, path, and influence distance on various influence ...

Keywords: Environmental Vibration, Ground Vibration Measurement, High Speed Rail, Embankment, Ground Vibration Prediction, Support Vector Machine

GIS-BIM Framework for Integrating Urban Systems, Waste Stream and Algal Cultivation in Residential Construction

Daniel Castro-Lacouture, Steven Jige Quan, Perry Pei-Ju Yang
Pages 576-583

Abstract: Among alternative energy sources for residential buildings, algae technology has emerged as a promising option due to its closed-loop configuration and the ability to produce biofuel energy while reducing waste stream flow and capturing carbon. Furthermore, this technology has the potential of integrating resource and waste management, and can be ...

Keywords: Algae technology, GIS, BIM, residential construction

Prediction of NOx Vehicular Emissions Using On-Board Measurement and Chassis Dynamometer Testing

S. D. Oduro, S. Metia, H. Duc, G. Hong, Q. P. Ha
Pages 584-591

Abstract: Motor vehicles’ rate models for predicting emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOX) are insensitive to their modes of operation such as cruise, acceleration, deceleration and idle, because these models are usually based on the average trip speed. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using other variables such as vehicle speed, ...

Keywords: Nitrogen Oxide, On-Board Emission Measurement System, Chassis Dyanmometer Testing System, Emission

Application of Building Information Modeling in Designing Fire Evacuation – a Case Study

Kun-Chi Wang, Shih-Yu Shih, Wen-Shuo Chan, Wei-Chih Wang, Shih-Hsu Wang, Abdoul- Aziz Gansonre, Jang-Jeng Liu, Ming-Tsung Lee, Yuan-Yuan Cheng, Ming-Feng Yeh
Pages 593-601

Abstract: In recent years, the construction industry has been actively seeking for possible applications of Building Information Modeling (BIM), including the domain of building disaster-prevention management. BIM enables us to present a facility layout in threedimension (3D) and carry the disaster-prevention objects and information whereas the traditional approach can only be ...

Keywords: Building information modeling, disasterprevention management; evacuation routes, disaster prevention training

General Information Model and its application for Rock Excavation in Underground Work Sites

Esa Viljamaa, Irina Peltomaa, Annemari Kaaranka
Pages 602-609

Abstract: In the underground mining and tunnelling rock excavation processes, there is plethora of different machine, tool and information system providers involved and practically no general information model covering the complete process. The competition in the field is getting more intense and all the actors should intensify their operations. The information ...

Keywords: Information Model, Information Management, Data Integration, IFC, IREDES, Rock Excavation

Performance and Impacts of Web-Based Project Management Systems in Construction Projects

H. Doloi
Pages 610-615

Abstract: While web-based project management systems are widely being implemented in most construction projects, there is a clear lack of understanding among the industry professional in relation to any quantified benefit and achieving success in projects. The aim of this research is to unfold the understanding of the key factors affecting ...

Keywords: IT application, web-based systems, project management, project performance, structural model

Integration of Augmented Reality and Indoor Positioning Technologies for On-Site Viewing of BIM Information

Hung-Ming Chen, Ting-Yu Chang
Pages 616-623

Abstract: This study applied integrated indoor positioning and augmented reality (AR) technologies to develop an on-site viewing model of BIM. In the proposed model, BIM information is displayed and superimposed on real building elements in 3D component models or surrounding texts using AR technology. The building must have a wireless network ...

Keywords: IT Application, Augmented Reality, Indoor positioning, BIM

Towards 3-D Shape Restructuring for Rapid Prototyping of Joining Interface System

S.-K. Lee, C. Georgoulas, T. Bock
Pages 624-631

Abstract: Ready-made building components and joining systems are generally unfit for existing building structures with irregular shapes. Therefore, unplanned and immediate manual work is dominantly practiced as measuring and manufacturing of the customized joining system is not supported. In this respect, by obtaining 3-D shapes of the existing building components and ...

Keywords: IT Applications, 3-D Shape Registration, Joining System, Rapid Prototyping

Reactive Adaptation of Construction Schedules by Applying Simulation-Based Optimization

Kamil Szczesny, Markus König
Pages 632-639

Abstract: This paper deals with the adaption of construction schedule due to real-time data. This real-time data needs to be evaluated regarding the effects on the schedule. If significant delays or other problems are identified, the schedule should be adapted. That means that under the existing condition a new schedule needs ...

Keywords: Reactive Construction Scheduling, Schedule Adaptation, Simulation-based Optimization

Detection of Internal Defects in As-Built Pipelines for Structural Health Monitoring: A Sensor Fusion Approach Using Infrared Thermography and 3D Laser-Scanned Data

H. Son, C. Kim, C. Kim
Pages 640-645

Abstract: Internal defects of pipelines are among the main factors causing accidents in the production phase of industrial plants. Periodic monitoring of a pipeline’s inner surface condition is of great importance for minimizing the risk of failure of industrial plants. This study proposes a sensor fusion approach to detect internal defects ...

Keywords: As-built pipeline, Infrared thermography, Internal defects detection, Sensor fusion, Structural health monitoring, 3D laser scanning technique

Roadmap to Guide Construction Safety Research Commercialization

A.M. Costin, J. Felkl, O. Golovina, J. Teizer
Pages 646-653

Abstract: There is a great difficulty for students or faculty to commercialize their novel idea or invention from the university laboratory. Traditionally, university research has not been intended for commercializing while still within the university. However, recent trends create a paradigm shift for researchers to include a business mind-set to establish ...

Keywords: Commercialization, Construction Safety, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Research to Product, Technology Transfer

Exploring Local Feature Descriptors for Construction Site Video Stabilization

Jung Yeol Kim, Carlos H. Caldas
Pages 654-660

Abstract: Recent studies on automated activity analysis have adopted construction videos as an input data source to recognize and categorize construction workers’ actions. To ensure the representativeness of its analysis results, these videos have to be gathered randomly in terms of time and location. In doing so, such videos must be ...

Keywords: IT applications, video stabilization, video interpretation, activity analysis, work sampling, productivity measurement, action recognition

A Novel Inference Model for Post-Earthquake Bridge Safety and Failure Probabilities Prediction - a Case Study in Taiwan

Min-Yuan Cheng, Yu-Wei Wu, Yung-Fang Chiu, Yu-Chen Ou, Chien-Kuo Chiu
Pages 661-666

Abstract: Bridges are a vital and significant component of Taiwan’s transportation infrastructure. Therefore, regular and comprehensive inspections of existing bridges are necessary to prevent damage and traffic disruption and reduce earthquake-related damage and casualties. However, due to the large number of bridges in Taiwan, the time and budget required to perform ...

Keywords: Seismic Assessment, Deterioration of Materials, Seismic Capacity, Evolutionary Support Vector, Machine Inference Model

BIM Based Schedule Control for Precast Concrete Supply Chain

J. Nissilä, R. Heikkilä, I. Romo, M. Malaska, T. Aho
Pages 667-671

Abstract: Development of the schedule control of precast concrete supply chain has been studied. Main idea was to use BIM model created by structural engineer as a user-interface for schedule control, for saving different status information of the real-time schedule situation of the propagation of structural design, element manufacture, delivery and ...

Keywords: BIM, supply chain, schedule control, precast concrete

Information Modelling Based Tunnel Design and Construction Process

R. Heikkilä, A. Kaaranka, T. Makkonen
Pages 672-675

Abstract: The present development situation of 3D and BIM based process model for tunnel design and construction methods has been studied. Tunnel design is generally done using traditional 2D drawing based working methods. As a basement for the research, the new specifications developed in Finland for national BIM requirements for infra ...

Keywords: 3D, BIM, tunnel design

Rapid 3D Modelling of an Existing Building using Photos

Yang Liu, Julian Kang
Pages 676-679

Abstract: A three-dimensional (3D) laser scanner is one of the most well known devices when it comes to creating a 3D model of existing bridges and buildings. Most 3D scanners can pick up point clouds very accurately, which can be used to create an accurate 3D model of existing objects. One ...

Keywords: 3D CAD Model, Photogrammetry

Using Benders Decomposition for Solving Ready Mixed Concrete Dispatching Problems

Mojtaba Maghrebi, Vivek Periaraj, S. Travis Waller, Claude Sammut
Pages 680-688

Abstract: Large scale dispatching problems are technically characterized as classical NP-hard problems which means that they cannot be solved optimally with existing methods in a polynomial time. Benders decomposition is recommended for solving large scale Mixed Integer Programming (MIP). In this paper we use the Bender Decomposition technique for reformulating the ...

Keywords: Benders Decomposition, Ready Mixed Concrete (RMC), Dispatching

Mining Rules for Satellite Imagery Using Evolutionary Classification Tree

L.C. Lien, Y.N. Liu, M.Y. Cheng, I-C. Yeh
Pages 689-696

Abstract: Classification Tree (CT) can establish explicit classification rules of Satellite Imagery (SI). However, the accuracy of explicit classification rules are poor. Back-Propagation Networks (BPN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) both can establish a highly accurate model to predict the classification of SI but cannot generate the explicit rules. This study ...

Keywords: Satellite Imagery (SI), Back Propagation Networks (BPN), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Evolutionary Classification Tree (ECT), Particle Bee Algorithm (PBA)

Roadwork Site 3D Virtual Visualization Using Open Source Game Engine and Open Information Transfer

T. Makkonen, R. Heikkilä, A. Kaaranka, K. Nevala
Pages 697-701

Abstract: Machine control systems generate huge amounts of data to be used to build smarter. This information is still not widely used as there are no general methods to access this massive spread of data as these are strictly closed systems. Main tools in our study were an open source 3D ...

Keywords: open data transfer, 3D visualizations, 4D visualization, machine control system

The Implementation of BIM in a Large European Construction Company

Ger Maas
Pages 702-705

Abstract: Background: Information Technology (IT) has reached a level of maturity, where IT can really meet the complexity of the construction industry. IT has reached the ability to support construction not just any more in the facilitating processes as financial services and human resources management (HR), but also to play a ...

Keywords: Building and Architecture, BIM, Construction

Visualization of As-Built Progress Data Using ConstructionSite Photographs: Two Case Studies

H. Jadidi, M. Ravanshadnia, M.H. Alipour
Pages 706-713

Abstract: The collection of as-built data for construction progress monitoring remains challenging. This paper develops two case studies on image-based modeling, in which point cloud models are created based on the photo collection of the construction site. The first case considers 399 unordered construction images previously taken for purposes other than ...

Keywords: Construction site photographs, Image-based modelling, Visualization, Progress monitoring, Decision making, Information technology, Huge construction sites

A Computational Framework for Estimating the Carbon Footprint of Construction

Z.S. Moussavi Nadoushani, A. Akbarnezhad
Pages 714-721

Abstract: Estimation of the carbon emissions in the construction phase of the building life cycle requires acquiring and analysing a great deal of project specific data including the amount of the works performed by different equipment and the unit emissions of various machinery at different work conditions. Such information are very ...

Keywords: CO2 emission, Construction stage, Automation, BIM, Quantity takeoffs

A Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Programming Model for Minimising Construction Site Noise Levels through Site Layout Optimisation

A.W.A. Hammad, D. Rey, A. Akbarnezhad
Pages 722-729

Abstract: Activities undertaken on a construction site are often accompanied with high levels of noise. Addressing the issue of noise pollution in construction is gaining significance with the growing awareness about the social and environmental components of sustainable construction and the increasing numbers of projects being undertaken in congested urban areas. ...

Keywords: construction site layout, mixed integer nonlinear programming, MINLP, optimisation, construction noise estimation, sustainability

A New LMS Algorithm and its Application to Improve Quality of Broadcast-Telephone System Use in Underground Coal Mines

N.T. Truyen, N.T. Vinh
Pages 731-737

Abstract: A new LMS algorithm with a variable step-size and its application to improve the quality of broadcast-telephone system use in underground coal mines is presented in this paper. The step-size of the proposed algorithm is proportional to not only the norm of the smoothed gradient vector but also the smoothed ...

Keywords: Adaptive noise cancellation, Broadcast-telephone system, LMS algorithm, NLMS algorithm

Optimization and Evaluation of Automatic Rigging Path Guidance for Tele-Operated Construction Crane

H.L. Chi, S.C. Kang, S.H. Hsieh, X. Wang
Pages 738-745

Abstract: The objective of this research is to develop, optimize and evaluate an approach for automatically generating rigging path guidance in order to provide sufficient assistance on the user interface of tele-operated crane. Besides operational safety and efficiency, this approach focuses on solving operability issues of following path guidance on a ...

Keywords: Tele-operation, Optimization, Crane Operation, Rigging Path Planning, PRM

Visualization Requirements of Engineers for Risk Assessment of Embankment Dams

Varun Kasireddy, Semiha Ergan, Burcu Akinci
Pages 746-753

Abstract: Aging infrastructure in the US has gained quite a bit of attention in the past decade. Being one type of a critical infrastructure, embankment dams in the US require significant investment to upgrade the deteriorated parts. Due to limited budgets, understanding the behavior of structures over time through risk assessment ...

Keywords: Mining, Built Infrastructure, Human Factors, Embankment Dams, Visualization, 3D modelling, Risk Assessment

Ineffective Rock Breaking and its Impacts on Pick Failures

Y. Sun, X.S. Li
Pages 754-760

Abstract: Picks are critical components in excavation machines used in civil and mining industries. Any failures of picks in an excavator directly affect the reliability and productivity of the machine. Pick tip wear, pick tip crack, pick body wear and pick body bending are common failure modes of picks in production. ...

Keywords: Pick failures, Rock cutting, Reliability, Drum design, Rock breaking, Cutting interaction

Control of Hovering Altitude of a Quadrotor with Shifted Centre of Gravity for Inspection of High-Rise Structures

Alexej Bulgakov, Sergey Emelianov, Thomas Bock, Daher Sayfeddine
Pages 762-767

Abstract: Unmanned aerial vehicles are specialized robots. Recently they were used in many civil applications such as patrolling, firefighting, rescuing tasks and being the shadow cinematographer in many movie-making companies. The new developments in material technology led to new sophisticated, miniature range of sensors and actuators, which are able to substitute ...

Keywords: Inspecting structures, Quadrotor, Optimized Control System, Simulation

Bulldozer as a Mechatronics System with the Intelligent Control

Alexej Bulgakov, Thomas Bock, Georgy Tokmakov
Pages 768-777

Abstract: Background. Improvement of quality, decrease of terms and cost of construction are inseparably linked with problems of effective use of bulldozer equipment. Purpose. The most important problem of control tractions modes of the bulldozer is the fullest use of traction opportunities of the machine at the expense of management of ...

Keywords: Robotics and mechatronics, Automation and control, Bulldozer, Neural network technologies

Generation the 3D Model Building by Using the Quadcopter

T.T. Bertram, T.T. Bock, A.G. Bulgakov, A.A. Evgenov
Pages 778-783

Abstract: Last decade saw a considerable growth in number of methods to create 3D models for buildings. Some companies have developed their own online maps systems. One of the most well-known of them is Google Maps. The maps are infrequently updated because the process is costly and labor-consuming, and, as a ...

Keywords: 3D-model, 3D-reconstruction, Building, Aerial photogrammetry, Quadcopter, UAV, Texturing

Performance Evaluation of Mecanum Wheeled Omni-Directional Mobile Robot

B. Chu
Pages 784-789

Abstract: Mobile robots with omni-directional wheels can generate instant omni-directional motion including lateral motion without any extra space for changing the direction of the body. So, they are capable of traveling in every direction under any orientation to approach their destinations even in narrow aisles or tight areas. Especially, if a ...

Keywords: Mobile robot, Mecanum wheel, Omni-directionality, Ultrasonic sensor, Performance evaluation

Cooperative Control of a Single-User Multi-Robot Teleoperated System for Maintenance in Offshore Plants

Sunghoon Eom, Seungyeol Lee, Daejin Kim, Dongbin Shin, Jeon Il Moon
Pages 790-794

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a cooperative control method of a single-user multi-robot (SUMR) teleoperated system for maintenance in offshore plants that is designed to perform in a 1:N mode (here, “1” refers to the number of user, and “N” denotes the number of slave robots), in which a single ...

Keywords: Cooperative control, Single-user multi-robot, Teleoperation, Maintenance, Haptic Offshore Plants

Home Environment Interaction via Service Robots and theLeap Motion Controller

C. Georgoulas, A. Raza, J. Güttler, T. Linner, T. Bock
Pages 795-803

Abstract: Ageing society and individuals with disabilities faces numerous challenges in performing simple tasks in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), [1]. ADLs represent the everyday tasks people usually need to be able to independently accomplish. Nowadays caring of elderly people becomes more and more important. Performance of ADLs in the long ...

Keywords: Robotics and Mechatronics, Sensor Fusion, Ambient Assisted Living, Autonomous Navigation, Leap Motion Controller, Jaco Robotic Arm

Experimental Study of Wireless Sensor Networks forIndoor Construction Operations

Magdy Ibrahim, Osama Moselhi
Pages 805-812

Abstract: Emerging wireless sensor networks (WSN) technology offers a great potential in supporting current project management practices. Deploying wireless sensor networks on construction sites can lead to significant time and cost savings by providing accurate and near-real time data to project management personnel. Continuous monitoring of labor usage, materials placement and ...

Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, Progress tracking, Indoor positioning

Controlling Slab Flatness Automatically Using Laser Scanning and BIM

Frédéric Bosché, Emeline Guenet
Pages 813-820

Abstract: Developments of Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) offer great opportunities to achieve a leap forward in the efficiency and completeness of dimensional control operations. This paper presents an approach that demonstrates the value of this integration for slab flatness control. The approach first employs the Scan-vs-BIM ...

Keywords: laser scanning, BIM, quality control, surface, slab, flatness, regularity

Chip-Based Real-Time Gesture Tracking for Construction Robot’s Guidance

Ying-Hao Yu, Chun-Hsien Yeh, Tsu-Tian Lee, Pei-Yin Chen, Yeu-Horng Shiau
Pages 821-828

Abstract: Mobile robots in automation construction have been designed for applications of craning, conveying, excavating, and floor polishing. These robots nowadays are equipped with various sensors to detect environmental information and finish tasks autonomously. When robot’s navigating path needs to be rescheduled, the supervisor of robot can duly interrupt system and ...

Keywords: Gesture Tracking, Moving Detection, Fuzzy Logic, Supervisory Control, FPGA

Comparative Experimental Evaluation of Dust Sensors for Environmental Monitoring on Construction Sites

A. Carbonari, G. Fava, B. Naticchia
Pages 829-836

Abstract: Fine particle emissions (PM10) from demolition and construction activities are now recognized as significant causes of pollution. So they can cause health hazards both to workers and to people living and working outside the site’s boundary in the local neighbourhood. Although admissible concentration values are defined by national legislation and ...

Keywords: Dust tracking, wireless sensor network, health and safety

Extended Range Guidance System for the Teleoperation of Microtunnelling Machines

A. Jardón, S. Martínez, J. G. Victores, C. Balaguer
Pages 837-846

Abstract: Microtunneling is a trenchless construction method that is highly adequate to install pipelines beneath roads, rail roads, dams, harbours and environmentally sensitive areas. Microtunneling could be understood as a remotely-controlled, guidance operation of a MicroTunneling Boring Machine (MTBM), where references are provided by a human operator from the surface. A ...

Keywords: Microtunneling machine, guidance systems, graphical interface, teleoperation

A Preliminary Investigation into Automated Identification ofStructural Steel Without A Priori Knowledge

J. Yeung, M. Nahangi, S. Walbridge, C.T. Haas
Pages 847-853

Abstract: One of the most prohibiting factors when attempting to reuse structural steel members or systems of members is the time and labour required to accurately determine dimensions. Current practices dictate that all required measurements are recorded by hand using tape measures and calipers which adds a significant cost to reused ...

Keywords: Steel Reuse, Object Identification, 3D Imaging, Automation

Near-Miss Accident Detection for Ironworkers Using Inertial Measurement Unit Sensors

Sepideh S. Aria, Kanghyeok Yang, Changbum R. Ahn, Mehmet C. Vuran
Pages 854-859

Abstract: In the construction industry, fall accidents are the leading cause of construction-related fatalities; in particular, ironworkers have the highest risk of fatal accidents. Detecting near-miss accidents for ironworkers provides crucial information for interrupting and preventing the precursors of fall accidents while simultaneously addressing the problem of sparse accident data for ...

Keywords: Sensing and Communication, worker safety, near-misss, Inertial Measurement Unit sensor

Localization inside Tunnels Using Machine Vision

Y.M. Hsieh, Y.C. Liao
Pages 860-867

Abstract: Localization (position tracking) inside tunnels is difficult. GPS signal is not available inside tunnels, and installation of wireless access points is expensive. In this work, we propose the use machine vision for localization in tunnels. The advantage for such approach is that it requires no installation of any infrastructure, needed ...

Keywords: Localization, machine vision, evaluation, tunnel

Performance Assessment of Wireless Data Capture inConstruction

P.R. Zekavat, S. Moon, L.E. Bernold
Pages 868-875

Abstract: The tenet of TQM is the use of measurements to monitor an operation in order to avoid poor quality outputs. The construction faces unique barriers to utilize effective technologies to capture critical process data in real time. This paper presents the results of extensive field testing of wireless systems to ...

Keywords: Sensing and Communication, ZigBee Thermocouple, Signal Propagation Pattern, Information Hub

Implementation of As-Built Information Modelling UsingMobile and Terrestrial Lidar Systems

S. M.E. Sepasgozar, S. Lim, S. Shirowzhan, Y.M. Kim
Pages 876-883

Abstract: Recently it is observed that there is an increasing trend of using lidar point clouds in construction, since lidar is able to provide highly accurate 3- dimensional representations of objects. The flip side of a lidar point cloud is its massive size and therefore prolonged time for data processing. Our ...

Keywords: As-built, Scanner, Mobile lidar, Terrestrial, BIM, Construction

Three Dimensional Spatial Metrics for Compactness Assessment of Urban Forms

Sara Shirowzhan, Samsung Lim
Pages 884-889

Abstract: Developing measurement tools to assess urban sustainability is one of the new streams in built environment; however, automated methods of urban form assessment are technically difficult. While planar characteristics of urban forms have been studied traditionally using the spatial metrics from remote sensing data such as Landsat images, height information ...

Keywords: Lidar, Sustainable urban form, Urban neighbourhood pattern, GIS

Human Detection Using Gradient Maps and Golden Ratio

Feng Su, Gu Fang
Pages 890-896

Abstract: Human detection is an important topic that can be used for many applications, it is mainly found in areas that required surveillance such as airports, casinos, factories, construction and mining sites. In this paper, a novel human detection method is introduced to extract the human figure from an input image ...

Keywords: Human Detection, Head and Shoulder Detection, Human Body Estimation, Human Figure Extraction

Autocorrelation Statistics-Based Algorithms for Automatic Ground and Non-Ground Classification of Lidar Data

Sara Shirowzhan, Samsung Lim
Pages 897-902

Abstract: Classification of lidar data to ground and nonground points is important for accurate topography mapping and reliable estimation of slope, volume and buildings’ geometry over urban areas. Manual or semi-automatic classification provides relatively good results, however, automatic classification in complex areas with diverse object sizes is still challenging. This research ...

Keywords: Automatic classification, Bare earth extraction, Spatial association, DSM, DEM, NDSM

A Framework for Supporting Planning and Development of Infrastructure Projects from a Societal Perspective

H. Doloi
Pages 904-909

Abstract: Capital projects are the backbones of our society and they must go through an evolutionary process of repeated planning and analysis cycles. Ensuring a building is structurally sound, or that a tallest building will add a new image to a city is not enough: new infrastructure and urban development must ...

Keywords: Built Infrastructure and Human Factors, project planning, social value, infrastructure

Lessons Learnt from the Vernacular Architecture of Bedouins in Siwa Oasis, Egypt

R.M. Ahmed
Pages 910-917

Abstract: In the last few decades, climatic changes have become very important issue to investigate when dealing with sustainable structures. This paper presents the challenges made by the Bedouin residence of Siwa oasis in Egypt through the case study of three vernacular buildings, in order to identify the best practice and ...

Keywords: Vernacular Architecture, Neo-vernacular Architecture, Sustainable Architecture, Environmental social enterprises, Siwa oasis, Egypt

Efficient Method of an Optimum Construction Company Supplier Selection Supported by Software

Jozef Gašparík, Peter Bažík
Pages 918-924

Abstract: An optimum selection of construction company suppliers is one of the most important processes of the top management. The most of construction processes are realised by many suppliers all over the world and during the process of construction planning it is necessary to find an optimum solution which would cover ...

Keywords: Effective selection, Multi-criteria optimization

SOH Estimation of Lithium-ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles

D. Qing, J. Huang, W. Sun
Pages 925-928

Abstract: Accurate estimates of the state-of-health (SOH) for rechargeable batteries provide a significant value to the management of any operation involving electrical systems. This is especially important for transportation systems, where unexpected battery performance may lead to catastrophic failures. This paper performs experiments aiming at analyzing Lithium-ion battery performances with aging ...

Keywords: State-of-health, Capacity attenuation, Charging-discharging rate, Electric Vehicle

Robust Method for Detecting the HRI Device Using RANSAC

M.S. Gil, M.S. Kang, Y.S. Lee, S.H. Lee, S.H. Kim, C.S. Han
Pages 929-935

Abstract: Installation work of large inner/outer wall panel glasses increases the labor load and stress of workers and causes the danger of such accidents as falling and crane overturning. To solve this problem, Gil designed the easy handling robot system which is composed of mobile system, 5-DOF manipulator system and HRI ...

Keywords: RANSAC, LSF, Human-Robot Interface device

Knowledge-Based Building Information Modeling (K-BIM) for Facilities Management

V. Paul C. Charlesraj
Pages 936-941

Abstract: Knowledge Management (KM) is a business management technique that promises improved competitive advantage among other benefits for an organization. The application of KM in construction is fairly researched and reported. Although Building Information Modeling (BIM) is gaining wide acceptance among Architects and Project Managers for efficient and effective design and ...

Keywords: IT Applications, Knowledge Management, Building Information Modeling, Facilities Management, Knowledge-based BIM, Ontology

Algorithm for Economic Assessment of Infrastructure Adaptation to Climate Change

Hoyoung Jeong, Hyounkyu Lee, Hongjo Kim, Hyoungkwan Kim
Pages 942-947

Abstract: Climate change, along with the increase of severe weathers and natural disasters, is becoming an important factor to consider for infrastructure investments. To adapt infrastructure to the effects of climate change, new design, construction, or rehabilitation methods – so-called adaptation methods – can be deployed. However, it is crucial to ...

Keywords: Adaptation, climate change, infrastructure, future climate scenario

Development of the BIM Based Process for Dredging Works

R. Heikkilä, T. Leinonen, H. Paukkeri, H. Virtanen
Pages 948-952

Abstract: Development of building information modelling for dredging process has been studied. In dredging area different 3-D guidance and control systems have been used already over 15 years. However, the information transfer process from early initial data acquirement phase through design and further to construction phase has suffered from information delivery ...

Keywords: BIM, Automation, Dredging

The Applicability of a Geomagnetic Field based Positioning Technique with Mobile Phone to Underground Tunnels

T. Makkonen, R. Heikkilä, A. Kaaranka
Pages 953-959

Abstract: In underground mines and tunnels accurate and continuous positioning of moving machines and humans has been studied extensively. Geomagnetic field based positioning is an interesting possibility for this measurement need. Using a commercial smart phone and a new calculation service provided by a Finnish company, a feasibility and accuracy assertion ...

Keywords: Magnetic field, Underground positioning, Tunnel

Geotechnical Monitoring for Safe Excavation of Large Rock Cavern: A Case Study

A.Mandal, C. Kumar, A. Usmani, A. Nanda
Pages 960-965

Abstract: The present study highlight the methods used to monitor the geotechnical behaviour and performance of the cavern during excavation in order to verify and, if necessary, adjust the rock support to ensure safe construction at every stage. The present geotechnical monitoring practice for underground structures involve convergence monitoring with the ...

Keywords: Underground excavation, Cavern, Tunnel, Geotechnical Monitoring

Decision Support Model with Life Cycle Assessment for Building in Design Phase

Chia-Chen Wei, Chia-Chi Hsiang, Tzu-Chi Shan
Pages 966-971

Abstract: The building materials and structural form chosen in design phase not only affect the costs for construction, but also decide the costs for maintenance. However, the large amounts of maintenance costs are not easy to estimate. This article proposes a decision support model adopting life cycle assessment to assist the ...

Keywords: Life Cycle Assessment, Building Information Modelling, Decision Support System

A Study on Vertical Zoning Algorithm of Real-Time Construction Lift Control for High-Rise Building

Joonghwan Shin, Soonwook Kwon, Donghyun Kim
Pages 972-977

Abstract: For the past few years, numerous super high-rise buildings have been built around the world. Among them, movement management of materials and labors is closely related to productivity of super-high rise construction. The objective of this study is to develop an algorithm which can increase productivity of lift operation on ...

Keywords: Construction Hoist, Vertical Zoning, ELIS(Embedded Lift Information system)

Introduction of Human-Robot Cooperation Technologyat Construction Sites

Seungyeol Lee, Jeon Il Moon
Pages 978-983

Abstract: Currently, a new construction method using a robotic system is widely spreading in construction sites. This study is related to introduction of humanrobot cooperation technology which can improve convenience and productivity through the efficient interaction between a worker and a robotic system while doing glass panel installation works. Based on ...

Keywords: Human-robot cooperation, Construction robot, Glazing robot, Glass panel, Curtain-wall

Study on the Optimal Digging Range for Intelligent Excavation

Jeonghwan Kim, Joonhyun Jang, Leeho Lee, Jongwon Seo
Pages 984-991

Abstract: Excavators play an important role at construction sites owing to high application and economic advantages, but the number of skilled operators of the excavator decreased because young operators do not like to enter to construction business. Research on automation of excavator and earthwork equipment was actively done such as IES ...

Keywords: Automated Excavation, Geotechnical Conditions, Culmann’s method, Optimal Digging Range

Information Modelling on Mechanized Earthworks

Shigeomi Nishigaki, Katsutoshi Saibara, Shigeo Kitahara
Pages 992-999

Abstract: Mechanized earthworks for post-disaster reconstruction largely forks into unmanned construction at hazardous working sites and manned one at less hazardous sites. In order to avoid secondary disasters, it is significant and required to compensate operator’s realistic sensation in order to enhance spatial awareness in the mechanized earthworks. The mechanized earthworks ...

Keywords: Information modelling, Mechanized earthworks, Unmanned construction; Realistic sensations, Potential hazards, Exploratory spatio-temporal visualization, Enhancement of Communication

Measurement of Theoretical Relationships in Building Information Modelling Adoption in Malaysia

Wallace Imoudu Enegbuma, Uche Godwin Aliagha, Kherun Nita Ali
Pages 1000-1008

Abstract: Implementing Information technology (IT) in a system presents varied responses. Prior research models in IT adoption examine dimensions not limited to attitude, subjective norm, ease of use, usefulness, innovation including several moderating variables. Despite consistent blueprints on leverage on IT in the Malaysian construction industry master plan, the exponential growth ...

Keywords: Building Information Modelling (BIM), Construction Industry, Information Technology, Malaysia, Partial Least Square (PLS)