2001 Proceedings of the 18th ISARC, Krakow, Poland
E. Budny, J. Szlagowski, W. Trampczynski
Abstract: The paper reviews some investigations carried in Poland in the field of construction machinery
(excavators, jib cranes, overhead cranes etc.) working process automation. The following subjects are presented:
operating movement control, dynamic modeling, construction of control algorithms, communication operator .
machinery. At the end, the two examples of practical applications are discussed. The ...
Keywords: Building machinery, modeling, simulation, automation, fuzzy logic
Klaus Bergner, Andreas Rausch, Marc Sihling, Alexander Vilbig, Katja Popp, Thomas Reicher
Abstract: In this paper, we propose an overall software architecture for the application domain of cooperative buildings.
Based on an analysis of the predominant functional requirements, we develop a business-oriented conceptual
framework, establishing a common understanding of a cooperative building?s entities and their relations. The
framework is then mapped to an abstract technical software ...
Keywords: cooperative buildings, software architecture, business-oriented framework, componentware
Thomas Bock, Dmitrij Parschin, Alexej Bulgakow
Abstract: Construction is of great interest for applying practical and theoretical results in the
field of robotics. The Economic efficiency potential of using robots is defined by construction
quantities, high level of manual work, hard and unfavorable working conditions. Mounting
operations are the main focus for the practical use of robots. The lecture describes
Keywords: robots, construction, building, kinematics, control
Abstract: The concept of ?ROD?(1) or robot oriented design had been developed during my doctorate dissertation
at the university of Tokyo between 1984 and 1988. It has been further developed in order to
quickly assemble buildings which can be moved into only 24 hours after the beginning of their construction.
Time is money, all ...
Keywords: Robotics, Construction, building system, joining system, design
Alexej Bulgakow, Galina Dibrowa, Alexander Drownikow
Abstract: A theoretical sensor model of a nozzle-cover type intended for control and often
change a distance from a nozzle cut to a treated surface is considered in this article. The
specified feature of this sensor that it can be used as a transformer of a water spurt formed in a
circle while flowing ...
Keywords: sensor, building, model, hydro spurt cutting instrument
Alexej Bulgakow, Oleg Parschin
Abstract: Monolithic construction holds one of the leading places in modern civil
engineering. All advantages of monolithic construction are fully displayed when using slip
forms and erecting high-rise buildings and structures. The most effective application of slip
forms is revealed while erecting chimneys, television and observation towers, tower silos,
cooling towers, methane tanks, stiffening cores ...
Keywords: automatic, mechatronic, monolithic construction, building, slip form
Rong-yau Huang, Bing-Chi Hsieh
Abstract: The CYCLONE methodology has become well established and its six standard
modelling elements provide a simple, straightforward tool for the study of various
construction operations. Many construction-specific simulation systems employ CYCLONE
or CYCLONE-like symbols for system modelling. However, CYCLONE?s simplicity also
limits its functionality in model construction operations in terms of realism and accuracy.
Keywords: simulation, modelling, construction, CYCLONE
Abstract: As the computer supported road construction systems evolve, the issues of
compatibility and inter-operability start to play more important role in than the limitations
posed by computing resources. The paper discusses modelling methods currently in use and
presents a novel, efficient and flexible environment description for on-board systems in this
context. The results of ...
Keywords: computer integrated road construction, ribbon, digital terrain model, environment model, road product model, on-board computer
Hyoungkwan Kim, Carl T. Haas, Alan F. Rauch, Craig Browne
Abstract: A Laser-based Aggregate Scanning System (LASS) was developed at the
University of Texas at Austin for rapid characterization of various properties of
construction aggregates. For the determination of shape and size parameters, the ?virtual
proportional caliper? and ?virtual sieve? concepts are introduced, where 3D particle data
are rotated about different axes to find elongation ...
Keywords: aggregate, automation, group texture analysis, laser profiling, LASS, virtual proportional caliper, virtual sieve, wavelet analysis.
Sung-Keun Kim, Jeffrey S. Russell
Abstract: In spite of the difficulties in designing and implementing automated technologies, the needs for improvement in safety, productivity, and quality have motivated several research efforts in the area of automation and robotics in construction.
Keywords: Intelligent system, Automated planning, Agent-based system, Field operation
Sung-Keun Kim, Jeffrey S. Russell
Abstract: This paper presents an automated task identification and planning methodology for IFOS described in Part 1.
Keywords: Intelligent system, Automated planning, Agent-based system, Field operation
Kohei Kurita, Fumihiro Inoue, Noriyuki Furuya, Takashi Shiokawa, Michihiro Natori
Abstract: Moveable structure has been used for drawbridge and all-weather stadium with
retractable roof. These structures move on the rail or turn around the hinge, and these
behaviours are monotony and simplicity. However, near future, the shape of construction
changes variously as harmonising with surroundings. In order to realize new
constructions, we found VGT (Variable ...
Keywords: VGT, Adaptive Structure, Roof Structure, Shape Control, and Hemisphere Dome
Sheng-Tai Lin, Yu-Chenng Lin, Hui-Ping Tserng
Abstract: Personal Digital Assistants (PDA) and World Wide Web (WWW) that are rapidly gaining popularity
are fundamental technologies for a vision of information access for anyone, anytime, anywhere. However, there
are few applications for on-site engineers to use the Personal Digital Assistants (PDA) in the construction
industry. In the view of construction productivity, the ...
Keywords: Information Technology; PDA (Personal Digital As sistant); Knowledge Management
Takashi Miyazaki, Akira Umekuni, Yasuyoshi Miyauchi
Abstract: Recently, construction by which the building is made strong without stopping the
function of it increases. Attention has especially gathered to seismic isolation retrofit work
in that. It has the advantage that can be constructed differing from other methods, and
changing neither the design nor the function of the building. For constructing while ...
Keywords: Seismic isolation retrofit, Seismic safety, Laminated rubber bearing, Low noise and vibration, Cutting method, Manipulator, Steel pipe pile
Abstract: This paper focuses on non-numerical information such as operational procedures for
processing and assembling members used in wooden construction systems and aims at developing a
knowledge-based system (KBS) for generation and control of this information. The process involves
dividing the building construction system into basic units, defining and describing those units, and
then inputting ...
Keywords: knowledge-based system, generation system of activity, operational procedures, building construction system, wood structure, Prolog
Shin-Jung Pan, Shu-Yi Kuo, H. Ping Tserng
Abstract: Taking advantages of the advanced information technology, more and more construction businesses
begin to adopt the large scale information system, such as web-based project management system,
Enterprise resource planning (ERP), supply chain management (SCM), electronic knowledge
management (eKM) and so on, to improve the management efficiency and productivity. However, it
seems there is no ...
Keywords: No keywords
Yan-Chyuan Shiau, Ming-Teh Wang, Chung-Ham Yang
Abstract: Skyscrapers and Hi-tech factories are a hot topic among construction industry nowadays. As
the function of buildings become more sophisticated, subcontractors of a project are more
closely related. It is difficult task for designers to present a 3D construction project at a 2D
level especially when the building is full of equipments and ...
Keywords: Construction Automation, Virtual Reality, Interference Detection, Cost Control,
Tatjana Souetina, Thomas Bock, Alexej Bulgakow
Abstract: Transport systems are the essential parts of technological processes of building and
provide the spatial and temporal conformation of work of all devices and units of production.
Transport systems are not passive elements of structure of production circuit; they affect
important indices of work of main transformed units, determining the extent of their ...
Keywords: optimization, adaptive system, pneumo-transport, building materials
William C. Stone, Geraldine S. Cheok, Karen M. Furlani, David Gilsinn
Abstract: Tests of a novel concept for tracking construction components were carried out at
the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The approach makes use of laser radar
and retro-reflective barcodes attached to manufactured building materials. Tests were
conducted for various barcode sizes and spacings through a variety of ranges to a maximum
of 40 ...
Keywords: LADAR, object recognition, pattern recognition, construction automation, bar codes, intensity, image processing.
Andrzej Wieckowski, Wladyslaw Buczkowski, Miroslaw Skibniewski
Abstract: The Network Numerical Modelling (NNM) methods was developed to aid in project mapping (representation), planning, analysis and control
Keywords: Project model, Network, GERT, construction
Sungkwon Woo, Youngsoo Jung, Younghwan Lee, Bok-Nam Lee
Abstract: Enhancing the accuracy of an approximate cost estimate is a critical issue since the estimate
ordinarily predicts the total cost of a project with insufficient project information. In order to facilitate the
approximate cost estimate process, this paper proposes a computer-based integrated system that enables the
flexibility to varying amount and accuracy of ...
Keywords: approximate estimate, historical database, adjustment factors, information system
Tao-Sheng (Doxon) Wu, Ming-Teh Wang, Shu-Yi Kuo
Abstract: Advances in information technology (IT) are promoting corporations in various
industries to improve their business process. Electronic business is also a current trend for the
construction industry. Before adopting more new information technologies in a construction
firm, the decision maker should know the firm's present conditions of IT applications,
evaluate its real needs of ...
Keywords: IT applications, computerization, Information system
Tao-Sheng (Doxon) Wu, Hui-Yu Chou
Abstract: This study shows the nature of weather risk with a sample project with different
networks. The total duration will change by different networks, the starting month, and the
different sites. To analyse how to evaluate the risk of weather, by using Mote Carlo
simulation and Neural Network to predict potential delay, this study ...
Keywords: Monte Carlo simulation, neural networks, risk management, weather, road construction
Gyujin Bae, Hoon Kim, Koouho Hwang, Seungil Cheun, Kihoon Choi
Abstract: As a technology of mechanical excavators is developed, an application of Shield
TBM becomes variable and wide. As a result, shield TBM can be applied most geological
conditions, such as soil condition with high water pressure, hard rock condition, and mixed
condition. However, an extensive and detail geological investigation should be conducted to
Keywords: shield TBM performance, advance rate, cutter consumption, downtime
Yu-Cheng Lin, H. Ping Tserng
Abstract: The objective of supply chain management is to quickly obtain real-time information, minimize
cost, increase levels of service, improve communication among supply chain components, and increase
flexibility in terms of delivery and response time. In the traditional construction industry, construction
processes are always labor-intensive, manual, and time-consuming. With the advent of the information
Keywords: Information Technology; Supply Chain Management; Internet; Intranet; Extranet; Mobile device; PDA
M. Abderrahim, A. Giménez, A. Nombela, S. Garrido, R. Diez, V.M. Padrón, V. Balaguer
Abstract: This paper describes the design and development of an automatic crane for use in
the assembly of modular buildings elements in the construction site. The automatic system
was developed using a commercial crane, which was modified by adding the adequate
sensors, servomotors and an advanced control system. The new crane system is meant ...
Keywords: crane automation, construction automation, modular building
Victor Balagula, Edvard Smoljanitski, Oleg Sanko
Abstract: This paper presents a description of the basic model of a manipulator for removing
debris and work after extreme events. The manipulator consists of different tools which can
make all necessary operations to save people in extreme situations.
Keywords: manipulator, blockage, debris, motor-powered grab, two-part bucket
Adam Bartnicki, Stanislaw Konopka, Franciszek Kuczmarski, Andrzej Typiak
Abstract: Herewith it was presented as follows: the general structure of system remote controlling operations, working
machines while using vision system and examples of the system results
Keywords: No keywords
Abstract: Basing on the design of continuous free systems with definite frequency spectrum,
with cascade structure, the dynamical flexibility of such systems has the alternating: pole,
zero, pole, zero, etc. Nevertheless, the frequency with the zero value is always a pole. On the
other hand, in the case of systems with cascade structure but ...
Keywords: dynamical characteristic, hypergraph, cascade structure of mechanical system
Yong-Kwon Cho, Carl T. Haas, Kamel S. Saidi, Katherine A. Liapi, S.V. Sreenivasan
Abstract: Construction equipment is rapidly being retrofitted with robotic capabilities for
improved control and safety. To operate this equipment effectively, an operator must
constantly relocate the equipment and position objects within the work environment. Current
commercially available equipment technology does not provide real-time information to the
operator and requires costly and computationally intensive computer hardware ...
Keywords: construction automation, man-machine interface, graphical simulation,
manipulator, CAD, laser rangefinder
Arnaud Delclos, Pierre-Olivier Vandanjon, François Peyret, Maxime Gautier, Michel Froumentin
Abstract: The paper is about a new method, aiming at estimating in real time the
compaction degree reached by an asphalt compactor. This method was developed at LCPC
in the frame of a European project called OSYRIS (Open SYstem for Road Information
Support). This method is based upon various measurements using proprioceptive sensors
and a ...
Keywords: dynamic model, asphalt compaction, automation, resistive effort
Glebov N.A., Pritchin S.B.
Abstract: This paper deals with the problems of automation in the construction of mine
workings and specialized tunnels. The problems under consideration are mathematical
simulation of the automation object (tunnel driving set), synthesis of the control algorithm as
well as the whole system study. Technical characteristics of the developed system for
automatic control of tunnel ...
Keywords: mine working, tunnel, tunnel driving set, high maneuverability, automated control
Abstract: Some aspects of systematic design of computer control system for a hydraulic excavator
are discussed. A concept of software layers is presented, which can help to lower
project cost and to improve the ability of system to be modified and extended.
Keywords: hydraulic excavator, computer control, software design
Wieslaw Grzesikiewicz, Jerzy Piotrowski
Abstract: This paper presents a mathematical formulation of non-smooth problem of
mechanics. Some non-smooth characteristics of chosen elements are presented on the
diagrams. These elements serve the purpose of representing unilateral limiters of
displacements and velocities, dry friction and pseudo-elasticity. The main feature of the
non-smooth problem is that for its formulation the non-differentiable functionals ...
Keywords: non-smooth mechanics, dry friction, limiters, machines for construction
Justus Hortig, Norbert Elkmann, T. Felsch, M. Sack, T. Böhme
Abstract: Recent technological developments have promoted robots beyond tasks
associated solely with factory automation. The Fraunhofer Institute of Factory Operation
and Automation (IFF) has developed a modular robotic platform called SIRIUS for the dull
and dangerous processes associated with work on large vertical surfaces. Its design features
are described and its utilization as a facade ...
Keywords: service robot, climbing robot, tool handling, stride control, facade cleaning, maintenance, vertical surfaces
Abstract: The design of a work attachment for wheel loaders and face-shovel hydraulic excavators
using a specialised software is presented in the paper. The software makes the design process easier
due to various analyses regarding the kinematic and kinetic characteristics of the work attachment and
the machine. The significant feature of the software consists ...
Keywords: loader, work attachment, design, software
Agata Ligier, Johannes Fliedner, Juha Kajanen, François Peyret
Abstract: Open System for Road Information Support is an open, supportive system for
construction, maintenance and rehabilitation of a road, mainly focused, but not limited to
the flexible pavement (asphalt). The project aims towards an European standard for a work
documentation and work support system for a road worksite.
Keywords: road construction, site information systems, digital work documentation, road
product model, quality management , XML, CAN, Web
Edward Lisowski, Grzegorz Filo
Abstract: In this work application of the fuzzy logic controller in the hydraulic lowering system of the self-propelled crane jib, with a proportional relief valve used as a counterbalance valve is presented.
Keywords: Self-propelled crane, crane jib lowering system, proportional relief valve, fuzzy logic controller, computer simulation program
Edward Lisowski, Pawel Brandys
Abstract: The paper presents an analysis of control of heavy duty machines unit with hydraulic actuators.
Keywords: modeling, sumlations, hydraulic drive and control
Stanislaw Michalowski, Andrzej Sobczyk, Witold Trzaska
Abstract: For the purpose of studies, a model of a wheeled, construction manipulator was developed and dully analysed.
Keywords: construction manipulators, flexibility, active damping, position control
Tomasz Miroslaw, Jan Szlagowski, Zbigniew Zebrowski
Abstract: In this paper advantages of manipulator hydraulic drive automation
ware shown. These manipulators are used in unmanned remote controlled
vehicles. Problems of movement parameters measurement was upon the
question. A simplified method of choosing position sensor for speed and position
feedback with lengthened sampling period of hydraulic drivers was presented.
Keywords: mini excavator, hydraulic drive, acceleration measurement,
speed measurement, position measurement, positioning accuracy,
sampling time., servo vale
François Peyret, Hiroaki Miyatake
Abstract: More and more civil-engineering sites, and especially road construction are
experimenting all over the world new kind of systems aiming at improving quality and
efficiency of the construction tasks.
These systems make profit of the new technologies of information and communication,
still rarely used on the sites. Most of them bring partial solutions but ...
Keywords: information technologies, civil-engineering sites, computer integrated construction, product model, logical analysis
Nikolay M. Plotnikov, Vladislaw V. Khodykin
Abstract: The paper represents results of theoretical and experimental research in the field
of constructing noncontact flowmeters of granular and powder materials in pneumatic
transportation. The task of flow measurement amounts to measuring the average flow
density within the controlled profile and flow velocity. The possibility of testing flow
average density by microwave sensors is ...
Keywords: Microwave density sensors, correlative-extreme method of velocity measuring, noncontact microprocessor-based flowmeter
Marek M. Poncyliusz
Abstract: The field investigations of SG-15HS dozer turning were described in this paper.
Mutual dependency between slip and relative difference of displacements (RDD) was
tested both for separate signals from left and right track and for theirs mean value. The
procedure of using two side measuring wheels was shown and then discussed. Its
advantages and ...
Keywords: Dozer, track?s slip, turning, relative difference of displacements, GPS
Michael Rachkov, Lino Marques, Aníbal T. de Almeida
Abstract: problems of pneumatic manipulators positioning in angle trajectories and in long linear trajectories for construction applications are discussed. Optimal positioning of a pneumatic manipulator of angle trajectories with minimum control energy consumption is solved. An implementation of the control system is presented. A control algorithm for a pneumatic manipulator of ...
Keywords: automation in construction, pneumatic manipulators, positional accuracy, angle
trajectory, linear trajectory, optimal control, experimental optimisation.
Shigeru Sarata, Hisashi Osumi, Yusuke Hirai, Gen Matsushima, Takashi Tsubouchi
Abstract: For autonomous scooping operation by wheel loader, a method for trajectory generation
and motion control of bucket at scooping operation is proposed. Prior to scooping, threedimensional
shape of pile is measured by stereovision system with two CCD cameras.
The initial trajectory model is modified according to the shape of pile. During scooping,
the control ...
Keywords: Scooping operation, Wheel loader, Scooping trajectory, Bucket motion control,
Column model, and Trajectory planning
Derek W. Seward, Khaled Zied, John Riehl
Abstract: Adequate economic justification is a key requirement for the implementation of robotic systems in the construction
industry. In the present work the concept of off-line simulation is used to provide the user with a rational approach
for economic decision making with regard to the use of robotics. The proposed off-line simulation process ...
Keywords: Construction Robotics, Economic justification, Simulation, Cost analysis
Fu-Yih Shih, Yueh Liang, Chih-Shiung Wu, Chen-Chyi Lin
Abstract: An Internet-based management information system for the logistics of highway construction and
maintenance vehicles has been designed and implemented by using Microsoft Visual FoxPro. This presented
system is not only useful for the logistics of highway construction and maintenance vehicles but also helpful for
the prevention of scandal intentions and activities
Keywords: logistics, management information system, database management
Miroslaw Skibniewski, Stanislaw Michalowski, Andrzej Sobczyk
Abstract: In surface grading operations the final surface profile depends on the series of preceeding tasks. For example, when the road surface is levelled with the use of a numerically controlled grader, it is necessary to consider subsequent compacting tasks as well, as the final result should include a uniform compaction ...
Keywords: road construction, earthworks, asphalt applications, compaction vibrations, surface levelling, automatic controls
Andrzej Szalek, Jan Szlagowski
Abstract: Results of research on automation of a hydraulic backhoe excavator are described
in this paper. The excavator works under an algorithm, which maximises the working force.
A fuzzy logic control system is used to realise this algorithm.
Keywords: building machinery, hydraulic excavator, modelling, simulation, automation,
H. Takahashi, T. Monden, S. Saito, k. Tateyama, R. Fukagawa
Abstract: In this study, the automatic system for boulder breakage by using force sensors
and image processing is investigated. In order to carry out the full automation of the
boulder breakage, the following three subtasks have to be automated: 1)detection of the
boulder, 2)control of the chisel to move to the boulder and 3)carrying ...
Keywords: Robotics, Boulder breakage, Image processing, Force sensor, Breaker
Jerzy Tomczyk, Jacek Cink
Abstract: The idea of the automatic handling of the flexible suspended load by cranes
working in different air condition has been presented in the paper. The microprocessor
control systems worked out for cranes give the possibility to automatic position the
handling load in the every point of the three dimensional transport space with simultaneous
Keywords: cranes, handling materials, automation, control, microprocessor, wind disturbance
Wieslaw Trampczynski, Leszek Plonecki, Wieslaw Gierulski, Julian Cendrowicz, Kazimierz Sokolowski
Abstract: The computer control system for the backhoe hydraulic excavator is presented
and discussed in the paper. It can be used to help the operator during the shoving process to
generate energetically advantageous trajectories obtained as automatic tool leading along
the previously generated slip lines. The results of experiments, carried out for the loading
Keywords: Digital control, hydraulic excavators, and energetically efficient trajectories
Kuo-Chung Wen, Chung-Hao Chiang
Abstract: Nearly there are a lot of countries to limit emission of CO2, and depend on plants
of urban to filter the air. It is very important to study ?Carbon Dioxide's exhausted? in
21?Th century. Now there are a lot of application in land monitor and image analyze using
satellite images, but how to ...
Keywords: Carbon Dioxide's exhausted, ANN, RS, Urban Spatial Structure, Normalized
Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
Jori Montonen, Erno Keskinen, Meholi Bahrekazemi, Anders Bodare, Robert Hildebrand, Michel Cotsaftis, Yrjö Raunisto
Abstract: Structural vibrations induced by train traffic have to be damped to increase the quality of life in buildings close to railway tracks. The problem becomes more serious in places, where the propagation speed of Rayleigh surface waves is low due to the low elasticity of the soil. To overcome ...
Keywords: railway foundations, wave barrier, ground vibrations, sheet piling
E. Budny, M. Chlosta, W. Gutkowski
Abstract: Recently, there is an increasing interest in
controlled excavation processes. The modern
control software and hardware make hydraulic
systems more suitable for enhancement of a large
spectrum of human efforts. This is mainly through
control of repetitive processes, such as trenching
and drilling, requiring constant attention of
Keywords: No keywords
Takashi Shirai, Yuko Fukuda, Toshimitsu Muramatsu
Abstract: In order to control execution based on data from construction machinery, and thus
computerize and rationalize project execution, information integrated construction systems
are being developed. Meanwhile, to perform tele-operation of construction machinery,
telecommunication systems and mobile network systems for construction are being
developed. However, these systems being developed for civil engineering are not
compatible; standards ...
Keywords: tele-operation, unmanned construction works execution, universal transformer