1987 Proceedings of the 4th ISARC, Haifa, Israel

An Expert System for Construction Planning

Chris Hendrickson, Carlos Zozaya-Gorostiza, Daniel Rehak, Eduardo Baracco-Miller, Peter Lim
Pages 1-26

Among other concerns, construction planning involves the choice of construction technology, the definition of work tasks, the estimation of required resources and durations, the estimation of costs and the preparation of a project schedule. A prototype knowledge intensive expert system to accomplish these tasks. CONSTRUCTION PLANEX, is described in ...

Keywords: Construction:Planning:Computer Application:Expert Systems:Scheduling:Project Management.

Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Automated Planning and Scheduling

Raymond E. Levitt, John C. Kunz, Nabil A. Kartam
Pages 27-52

"This paper develops a philosophy for the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques as aids in engineering project management. We start by classifying the subtasks associated with project management as taxonomy of separate functions and levels. We then assess the cognitive requirements for each project management subtask. Recognizing the cognitive ...

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Dealing with Dialectics: Or Some Problems in Applying Expert Systems to Building Construction

Sidney Newton
Pages 53-63

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An Expert System for Crane Selection and Location

A. Warszawski, N. Peled
Pages 64-75

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Expert Systems Technology in the Domain of Construction

Satish Mohan
Pages 76-93

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Presentation of EUREKA / GEO Project: A Façade Working Robot

Bertrand Tondu, Gilles Clement, Claude Rouveau, Rene Colas, Denis Ahsworth
Pages 94-118

The purpose of this paper is to present the EUREKA / GEO project : a robot for finishing work on facades. This project joins presently three partners : the French building construction CBC company (Campenon Bernard Construction), coordinator of the project, the british Simon Engineering company, world leader in auto-elevators, ...

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Sensor Architecture for Mobile Construction Robot

Arie Yavnai
Pages 119-137

The operation of a semi-autonomous self-guiding mobile construction robot under real building construction environment is heavily relied on a sensor based intelligent hierarchical control system. A multi-sensor architecture consists of variety of sensor types and technologies are proposed. The architecture is designed to meet both operational as well as the ...

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Construction Robotics Research at Purdue

Miroslaw J. Skibniewski
Pages 138-152

Purdue University research on the application of robotics to construction began in the summer of 1986. It is based on the assumption that construction can benefit from the advanced automation technology available now in manufacturing. The current work activity spans in three directions: a. Design of a prototype Automated Construction Worker ...

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Dynamic Stability for Manipulators Used in Construction

Irving J. Oppenheim, Lyman J. Petrosky
Pages 153-162

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Crane Location and Selection by Computer

Colin Gray
Pages 163-167

Cranes are used on nearly every building site as the primary means of materials movement, certainly during the critical early stages. Because of their cost it is prudent to optimize their use, such that on the well managed site the rate of work and the speed of the lifting operations ...

Keywords: Cranes: Expert systems:CAD:Prolog 2:Management:Construction.

Computer Aid in the Development of Construction Planning and Manufacturing Process in Factories and on Site

Asko Sarja
Pages 168-189

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Knowledge Based Simulation of Construction

Robert I. Carr, David Y. Chang, Eloy Morua-Padilla
Pages 190-207

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An Expert System for Estimating Construction Cost

Zohar Herbsman, Richard A. Wall
Pages 208-221

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Construction Automation Research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Alexander H. Slocum, Laura Demsetz, David Levy, Bruce Schena, Andrew Ziegler
Pages 222-244

Approaches to automation range from very flexible machines designed to emulate humans to dedicated machines designed for a specific task. The latter approach is being used at M.I.T. in the development of computer controlled machinery to help automate construction processes. This paper presents current work on three types of construction ...

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Development of a Robot for Interior Finishing Works

A. Warszawski, R. Navon
Pages 245-258

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Design of a Manipulator with Very Large Reach for Applications in Civil Engineering

M.C. Wanner, H. Heidemann, R. Hofmann, R. Konig
Pages 259-267

This paper gives an overview of the current state of the art of manipulators with a very large reach in civil engineering. An example for a specific application is presented. Areas for further improvements are investigated and the topics for the research work related to the components are described.

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Research Progress into Automated Piping Construction

J. T. O'Connor, A. E. Traver, R. L. Tucker
Pages 268-273

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Teaching Robotics in Building

A. Warszawski, H. Argaman
Pages 274-286

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Knowledge Representation for Scheduling Constructions

M. A. Pollatschek
Pages 287-308

Knowledge may be conveniently represented in Expert Systems for scheduling constructions by means of frames, or equivalently, by assemblies of feature sets (pairs of the type NAME_OF_FEATURE, VALUE_OF_FEATURE). Each frame is a description of a constraint which is to be observed in a feasible schedule. Such a representation is simple ...

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The Role of Knowledge Engineering in Information Management on the Construction Site

Lauri Koskela, Kalle Kahkonen, Esko Salo
Pages 309-321

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Field Studies of the Cognitive Processes Involved in Construction Activity

Jonathan O'Brien, Richard Compton
Pages 322-341

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Artificial Intelligence, Automation, and Integrated Construction

Photios G. Ioannou, Robert I. Carr
Pages 342-363

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The State of the Art in Mobile Robotics

James L. Crowley
Pages 364-378

This paper presents a survey of the information processing aspects of mobile robotics, including architecture, position estimation, world modelling, sensor data integration, vision, and planning. For each topic, a definition is offered, followed by a discussion of the major issues. Points for which a consensus seems to have emerged within ...

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The Dynamics of Robot Manipulators with Wheeled Base

To-Choi Lau, Zvi S. Roth
Pages 379-401

"A closed-form Newton-Euler dynamical model of a robot manipulator is derived. The model generalizes previous models in two respects: • It allows for multiple degrees of freedom per robotic joint • It allow for arbitrary placement of a local coordinate frame for each robotic link. The importance of such a model is that ...

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Technology Transfers for Construction Robotics

Jean-Luc Salagnac
Pages 402-413

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Human Knowledge: AI & CAD

Aart Bijl
Pages 414-429

Perceptions of design and CAD are discussed, leading to a distinction between human knowledge and machine representations of knowledge. A strategy for “mechanistic” symbol processors is presented, employing “mechanisms” of formal logic to manipulate written and drawn expressions of designers’ knowledge.

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A C.A.D System Integrating Architectural Knowledge

S. Hanrot, P. Quintrand, J. Zoller, E. Chouraqui, P. Dugerdil, P. Francois, M. Ricard, C. Giraud
Pages 430-441

The aim of this project is to tackle the problem of architect’s knowledge representation. Our approach is based on the belief that part of architect’s knowledge can be extracted from graphical documents and classical vocabulary. We propose an organisation of that knowledge through different points of views: form, function, construction and ...

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A Predictive Model of the Building Design Process

Colin Gray, Edward Coles
Pages 442-446

In a complex construction industry, such as that in the UK, the building process is predominantly that of assembling components made off-site. This requires that all the components are detailed, together with the methods of fixing, sufficiently early to ensure that the components are delivered to site at the right ...

Keywords: Design; Management; Prolog 2; Expert systems; Construction

An Integrated Approach to Geometric Modelling

Yehuda E. Kalay
Pages 447-457

Solid modelling has been recognized as a powerful computer-aided design tool, being informationally complete and semantically well-formed. However, it is insufficient by itself to support the design process of complex artifacts such as buildings, since it lacks the abstraction properties provided by computer-aided drafting tools. This paper presents an integrated approach ...

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Link Between CAD Systems and Analysis Programs as a Step of an Integrated Approach of the Building Process

G. De Roeck, G. Degrande, PH. Geyskens
Pages 458-464

The link between CAD-systems and FE-programs seems to be very promising because they use in some sense the same data: geometry as well as some information about mechanical properties are normally contained in the CAD-system. The inclusion of FE entities in the Initial Graphics Exchange Standard (IGES) may be an ...

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An Expert System for Planning in Robotized Construction

Naruo Kano
Pages 465-476

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Adoption of Special Materials for the Development of Construction Automation

A. Bentur, M. Puterman
Pages 477-508

The development of construction technologies, which will be more readily adoptable to automation and robotization will, to a large extent, determine the success of this new field. The present paper discusses new developments in inorganic (cementitious) and polymeric materials, that could be adopted, with some modifications, for advancing new construction ...

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Managerial and Social Problems of Robotization in the United States of America

Robert W. Dorsey
Pages 509-524

The historical cultural setting of construction is a fiercely competitive market place. The predominant volume of work is done by more than a million small, closely held, weakly capitalized companies. Layer of contracts and subcontracts effectively spread risks but also restrict the capital formation required for significant technical progress. The ...

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Concept of Building System for Robotization - A Systematic Approach for Development and Design

Thomas A. Bock
Pages 525-541

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Design of Prestressed Concrete Beams Using Expert Systems

C.J. Burgoyne
Pages 542-560

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Rule-Based Diagnosis of Failure Events

Fabian C. Hadipriono, Chin-Leong Lim
Pages 561-574

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Assistance of Technical Choices or Controls in Building Project: Three Expert System Prototypes

Delphine Halleux
Pages 575-601

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An Expert System for the Construction and the Resolution of Multicriteria Dwelling Design Problems

P. Le Gauffre, M. Miramond
Pages 602-618

The works presented in this paper concern the use of a rule-based system, furtherly interfaced with the CAD system “X2A”, to provide and aid to the designer in building and solving multicriteria problems. Since the building quality is evaluated with several points of view (architectural, thermal, acoustical, economical), we can consider ...

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Layout Planning as a Consistent Labelling Optimization Problem

D. Navichandra, David H. Marks
Pages 619-638

Over the past decade the consistent labelling problem has received considerable interest in Artificial Intelligence. In particular, machine vision, cryptography and theorem proving. Many algorithms have been developed for solving consistent labelling problems. A majority of these algorithms are based on heuristic search. Techniques such as constraint propagation and forward ...

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Management of Feedback Information

Roy Holmes
Pages 639-656

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Expert Systems Integrated with CAD for Component Assembly

D. Navichandra, David H. Marks
Pages 657-671

Over the past decade the consistent labelling problem has received considerable interest in Artificial Intelligence. In particular, machine vision, cryptography and theorem proving. Many algorithms have been developed for solving consistent labelling problems. A majority of these algorithms are based on heuristic search. Techniques such as constraint propagation and forward ...

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Customised Workstations for CAD and A.I. Converted I.B.M. PC Machines as an Alternative to “Low Cost” Purpose Made Engineering Workstations (Similar Performance for Half the Cost)

A.H. Cairns
Pages 672-703

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Adaptation of Flexible Manufacturing Concepts to Construction

Daniel W. Halpin
Pages 704-717

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Aldau: A System for Surveing and Drawing Existing Buildings

Brigitte Morel, Christian Giraud, Dominique Lepretre
Pages 718-720

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Automated Site Materials Management – A Prototype

George Stukhart, David Y.M. Chang
Pages 721-730

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Research into the Application of Robotics in the Hungarian Building Industry

Burkus Ferenc
Pages 731-739

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Intelligent Systems for the Formulation of Building Regulations

David Stone, David A. Wilcox
Pages 740-761

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Small Tailored Expert Systems for Private Companies

Jerald L. Rounds
Pages 762-762

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Expert Systems for the Manufacturing Process in Precast Concrete Building Component Factories and Concrete Construction

Karl-Johan Seren
Pages 771-778

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Design of Technology and Organization of Construction with the Aid of Simulation and Expert Systems / Problems, Experiences, Prospects /

Oleg Kaplinski, Magdalena Hajdasz
Pages 788-798

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An Expert System for Conceptual Design of Buildings

David Haber, Saeed Karshenas
Pages 799-810

"In the conceptual design stage of a building the number of possible configurations is enormous. Configurations selected in this stage affect the building cost much more thatn any decision made in subsequent design stages. Currently there is no analytic method for selecting the best solution, and designers base their decisions ...

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Expert Systems Interpreting Collective Agreements in the Building Industry

Esa Jolkkonen, Jouni Salokivi
Pages 811-825

This paper presents an expert system project, the main aim of which was to obtain information on the viability of the present microcomputer-based expert system shells in interpreting a collective agreement of the building industry in Finland. The same expert system was built using two different shells, Guru and Insight ...

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Expert System for Differing Site Condition Claims of Construction Contracts

Moonja P. Kim, Michael J. O'Connor
Pages 826-848

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Conceptual Design of an Automated Real-Time Data Collection System for Labor-Intensive Construction Activities

H. Randolph Thomas, Gary R. Smith
Pages 849-862

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Identification and Measurement Technologies Applicable to Construction

Anthony C. Goodin, L.T. Boyer
Pages 863-877

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Control of Intelligent Materials Handling Equipment in Temporary Facilities

Robert B. Blackmon
Pages 878-896

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An Approach to Automatic Project Planning

M. J. Mawdesley, G. Cullingford, D. C. Morgan
Pages 897-918

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