2010 Proceedings of the 27th ISARC, Bratislava, Slovakia

Enhanced Industrialized Customization Performance by Embedded Microsystems

Thomas Bock, Thomas Linner
Pages 2-11

High-tech buildings lead to new organizational structures multiplying the possibilities of customization and user adaptation. As it will be outlined in the following paper, between industrialized mass customization of buildings and continuous and commercial service value chains built on flexible high-tech buildings a strong relation could be established extending the ...

Keywords: Industrialized Customization, Building Performance, User Adaptation, Service Science, Microsystems Technology

Fusion of Product and Automate-Replicative Production in Construction

Thomas Bock, Thomas Linner, Nora Eibisch, Willi Viktor Lauer
Pages 12-21

Traditionally we design, engineer and manage the product and production in construction separately. In biology or natural systems both are combined. The following paper will give an introduction to the notion of fusion of the construction as process and building as product phase. Advanced manufacturing concepts such as Konrad Zuse’s ...

Keywords: Self reproduction, technology fusion, ghost factory, automated replication

Simulation Method of Construction Hoist Operating Plan for High Rise Buildings Considering Lifting Heights and Loads

Chang-Yeon Cho, Jung Yeol Kim, Moon-Young Cho, Jun Bok Lee, Young-Suk Kim, Soon-Wook Kwon
Pages 22-28

Lifting indicates vertical transfer of construction resources. In high-rise building, efficient plan and management on lifting of resources are essential because of enormous impact on schedule, and amount of resources and data. In particular, a hoist—one of main lifting equipment for workers and construction materials—may have direct influence on overall ...

Keywords: Lifting, Simulation, High-rise Building, Hoist, Lift Car, Lifting Management

3D Calibration of GPR (Ground Penetrating Radar) for Bridge Measurements - Case Kajaani Varikko Bridge

Rauno Heikkilä, Teemu Kivimäki, Anja Leppälä, Martti Mikkonen, Ty A. Lasky
Pages 29-39

3D calibration was performed for a GPR measurement system for concrete bridge decks. An old bridge having been repaired approximately two years prior with a new bridge deck part was considered in the test results. The deck, including then visible subsurface features, was measured earlier during the construction phase using ...

Keywords: GPR, ground penetrating radar, bridges, bridge health measurements, non-destructive evaluation

Stop & Go Scanning for Highways - 3D Calibration Method for a Mobile Laser Scanning System

Rauno Heikkilä, Teemu Kivimäki, Martti Mikkonen, Ty A. Lasky
Pages 40-48

A 3D calibration method was developed for a mobile laser scanning system developed in Finland. The measurement accuracy was validated using a robotic total station for reference measurements, with comparison of reference points with the triangulated surface measured by the laser scanning system. The calibration results are presented and analyzed. ...

Keywords: & Go Laser scanning, Mobile, 3D calibration, measurement accuracy

Development of an Overall Functional Process Utilizing 3D Data Models and Automation for Rehabilitation of Road Structures - Case VT4, Haurukylä-Haaransilta (3D-Road)

Rauno Heikkilä, Teemu Kivimäki, Ty A. Lasky
Pages 49-63

The paper introduces the main results of a large R&D project called 3D-ROAD carried out 2006-2009 in Oulu, Finland. The primary objective of the project was to develop a 3D functional process for enhancing road structures, utilizing automation, and improving the efficiency and quality of the measuring, design and construction ...

Keywords: 3D, automation of road construction, rehabilitation

Latent Potentials of Automation for Deep Stabilization Machines and Working Processes

Rauno Heikkilä, Teemu Kivimäki, Katja Puolitaival
Pages 64-72

The paper introduces and discusses some results of a large active research project in Finland. In this part of the research the aim was to develop an automated total process for deep or column stabilization. Based on work studies and other practical researches an economical analyze of latent economical benefits ...

Keywords: 3D, automation of deep stabilization, soil strengthening

Development of Automation for Foundation Engineering - Case Piling Machine and the Working Process of Driven Piling

Rauno Heikkilä, Teemu Kivimäki, Katja Puolitaival
Pages 73-80

This paper introduces and discusses the aims and first results of a large active research project in Finland. One of the aims of the project is to develop an automated total process for driven piling machine. Several tests have been made and some of the results are briefly discussed. The ...

Keywords: 3D, automation of driven piling, sustainability

Improved Path Planning Method for Autnomous Loading Operation by Wheel Loader

Shigeru Sarata, Noriho Koyachi, Takashi Tsubouchi
Pages 81-88

Authors have been conducting research on an autonomous system for loading operation by wheel loader. In loading operation with V shape loading method, a time for travelling is the dominant factor for the cycle time. The path should be modified varied condition of the working place. To achieve quicker and ...

Keywords: Path planning, loading operation, autonomous system, wheel loader

Integrated Advance Data Storage Technology for Effective Construction Logistics Management

Javad Majrouhi Sardroud, Mukesh C. Limbachiya
Pages 89-98

This paper presents a study on applying an integrated application of RFID, GPS and GSM technology for mobile, pervasive and ubiquitous tracking and locating of any objects in construction supply chain and logistics. Accurate and timely identification and tracking of resource are vital to operating a well managed and cost ...

Keywords: Construction logistics, GPS, RFID.

Realistic 3D Modeling System for Remote Controlled Construction Machines: Multi-Sensor Fusion Based Approach

Hyojoo Son, Changwan Kim
Pages 99-107

An important feature of remote controlled machines is the realistic three-dimensional (3D) modeling system for providing information feedback to the remote operator and facilitating remote operation. This paper describes a system for creating realistic 3D models of actual construction environments for the purpose of improving and extending the capabilities of ...

Keywords: Construction machine, flash ladar, interactive visual feedback, realistic 3D modeling, remote control, sensor fusion, stereo vision system

Improvements to Concrete Column Detection in Live Video

Zhenhua Zhu, Ibrahima J. Ndiour, Ioannis Brilakis, Patricio A. Vela
Pages 108-117

The automated detection of structural elements (e.g. concrete columns) in visual data is useful in many construction and maintenance applications. The research in this area is under initial investigation. The authors previously presented a concrete column detection method that utilized boundary and color information as detection cues. However, the method ...

Keywords: robust detection, concrete columns, live videos

Mechatronics Assisted Architecture

Thomas Bock, Pranav Kishore, Thomas Linner, Willi Viktor Lauer
Pages 119-128

This article will be giving an overview about the technological structure of the futuristic home environments which are basically a combinations of smart environments, sustainable environments, communicable environments, Artificial Intelligence, in cooperation with mechatronic systems. These futuristic environments can be considered as a solution for the expected problems like energy ...

Keywords: Home environment, Service Robotics, Smart Home, Sustainability, Mechatronic Systems

Virtual Reference Station (VRS)-Based Intelligent Robot (Pioneer 3-AT) to Assist in Pavement Inspections

Jia-Ruey Chang, Feng-Chi Yu, Tsun-Cheng Huang, Shih-Chung Kang, Shang-Hsien Hsieh
Pages 129-138

This study develops a framework for the application of a Pioneer 3-AT (P3-AT) autonomous robot integrated with two types of highly accurate Virtual Reference Station (VRS) technology. The tire pressure and the horizontal movement of the P3-AT were calibrated. The positioning accuracy of P3-AT was measured by VRS under both ...

Keywords: Virtual Reference Station, Intelligent Robot, Pavement Inspection, Distress

A Study on Gain Scheduling of Intelligent Excavator

Chang-Seop Lee, Dongnam Kim, Baeksuk Chu, Daehie Hong
Pages 139-146

One of the most important factors in Intelligent Excavator is to locate the bucket quickly and accurately to the right position. To locate the bucket accurately, the Arm and the hydraulic cylinder of the boom should be exactly controlled. But as voltage and the force that should be controlled can ...

Keywords: Control, Gain Scheduling, Position Control, Intelligent Excavator

Design of Haptic Device for Excavator with Pressure Transmitter

Dongnam Kim, Kyeong Won Oh, Namhoon Kim, Baeksuk Chu, Daehie Hong, Yoon Ki Kim, Suk-Hie Hong
Pages 147-154

The number of dismantling sites for buildings has been rapidly increased and these processes are very dangerous. So many research papers have been published addressing the development of a remote controller for the dismantling equipments. In this paper, a novel concept of applying haptic control is proposed for the remote ...

Keywords: Excavator Control, Haptic Device, Dynamics, Parameter Estimation

Automated Visual Inspection of Road Surface Cracks

Roberto Medina, Jaime Gómez-García-Bermejo, Eduardo Zalama
Pages 155-164

Pavement maintenance requires knowing the state of the road surface. Human inspection is the most common method for evaluating this state. Recently, the automated visual inspection has been addressed, but some important questions remain open concerning the variable ambient lighting, shadows, device synchronisation and the large amount of data. In ...

Keywords: Image processing, pavement inspection, feature extraction, Gabor filters

RT Module Design for Home and Building Automation

Kenichi Ohara, Shinji Yonesaka, Tomohito Takubo, Yasushi Mae, Tatsuo Arai
Pages 165-174

The design of distributed modules using robot technologies (RT) is proposed to advance the ubiquitous robot environment. Module design involves analyzing the needed functions of a device and designing the architectures of the software and hardware. Modules have to work independently and communicate with each other. Moreover, they need to ...

Keywords: Ubiquitous Robotics, RT-Middleware, RTC-Lite, RT Module

Nano-to-Meter-Scale Automated Building

Danijel Rebolj, Martin Fischer, Drew Endy, Thomas Moore
Pages 175-182

Development of nano and biotechnologies encouraged us to develop a concept of automated building, which will significantly reduce the many negative impacts of traditional construction on the environment. The paper describes the concept of Nano- to meter-scale building, a new way of building, which unfolds from the nano into the ...

Keywords: Automated building, nanotechnology, biotechnology, Building Information Model (BIM)

Electromagnetic Energy Harvesting for Sensing, Communication, and Actuation

Stewart Thomas, Matthew Reynolds, Jochen Teizer
Pages 183-192

The harsh construction environment requires unusually robust sensing and actuation technology to make real-time pro-active safety alerts a reality. We have developed a batteryless, wireless sensing and actuation device as an option to advance pro-active safety in construction. By employing electromagnetic energy harvesting and eliminating the need for a battery, ...

Keywords: Safety, Real-time, Warning and Alerts, RFID, Sensors

FPGA-Based Ubiquitous Computing Intelligence for Robotic Formation Control

Ying-Hao Yu, S. Kodagoda, Q.P. Ha
Pages 193-201

Ubiquitous computing (UC) has been an important stream in distributed computing, which is nowadays recognized as an attractive vision in ambient intelligence (AmI) technologies and home robotic systems. This paper, focusing on our work on the application of field programmable gate array (FPGA) in mobile robotics, presents a prototypical computing ...

Keywords: Ubiquitous computing, FPGA, robotic formation

Tracking and Classifying Objects on a Conveyor Belt Using Time-of-Flight Camera

Omar Arif, Matt Marshall, Wayne Daley, Patricio A. Vela, Jochen Teizer, Soumitry J. Ray, John Stewart
Pages 203-212

The ability to obtain 3D information is vital for many applications in construction, manufacturing, and vehicle automation and autonomy. TOF (Time-of-Flight) sensors, which provide depth information at each pixel in addition to intensity, are becoming more widely available and more affordable. This paper examines the applicability of TOF sensors to ...

Keywords: Time-of-Flight Camera, Range Imaging, Recognition, Visual tracking

A Case Study of Building Performance Analyses Using Building Information Modeling

Salman Azhar, Justin W. Brown, Anoop Sattineni
Pages 213-222

"The first decade of the twenty first century has witnessed a tremendous increase in the demand of sustainable buildings mainly due to mounting energy costs and growing environmental concerns. The most effective decisions related to the sustainable design of a building can be made in the planning and design phases. ...

Keywords: Sustainability, Green building design, Building Information Modeling, Building performance analyses

A Management System against Major Risk Accidents in Large Construction Sites

Alessandro Carbonari, Angelo Biscotti, Berardo Naticchia, Federico Robuffo, Mario De Grassi
Pages 223-232

The rates of job injuries and fatalities in construction sites are still too high, with respect to other industrial working places. Statistics show that there are a few main types of risk accidents causing the higher number of fatalities. This paper suggests the development of a novel low intrusive real-time ...

Keywords: Health and safety, real time monitoring, construction, mobile computing

A Study of Wireless LAN Based Working Area Estimation

Soungho Chae, Takahiro Nakamura
Pages 233-242

A wireless LAN (local area network) was proposed as a means of determining location at a construction site. The high prevalence of equipment and facilities was offered as an advantage compared to existing methods. An experiment was performed to collect RSSI (radio signal strength indications). From the results, variations were ...

Keywords: location information, working area, wireless LAN, RSSI

Development of BIM Standard Database System for the Remodeling of Deteriorated Apartment

Dong-Gun Lee, Hee-Sung Cha, Sik Kim, Hae-Doo Seo
Pages 243-254

A remodeling project for deteriotated housing stocks tends to be an important issue in resources recycling because it does not destruct whole building but destruct particularly. However, compared with new building projects, remodeling project has disadvantages in adding destruct work and repair and rehabilitation work as well as causing difficulty ...

Keywords: Remodeling, BIM, Old Aged Apartment

Assessing Physical Strain in Construction Workforce: A First Step for Improving Safety and Productivity Management

Umberto C. Gatti, Giovanni C. Migliaccio, Suzanne Schneider, Rafael Fierro
Pages 255-264

Safety issues impact construction workforce and industry, for example by generating extra costs and delays. Achieving planned levels of productivity is crucial for the overall success of a construction project. Despite improvements in equipment and workplace ergonomics, the construction industry is still characterized by physically demanding activities and stressful environments. Excessive ...

Keywords: Heart rate, physical strain, safety, productivity

Scan to BIM: Factors Affecting Operational and Computational Errors and Productivity Loss

Hamid Hajian, Burcin Becerik-Gerber
Pages 265-272

3D laser scanning technology is now widely and increasingly used to create as-built 3D CAD or Building Information Models (BIM) of existing facilities and new construction. Errors occurred during scanning and data processing stages cause a higher registration error, which in return lead to inaccuracies during the modeling stage. The ...

Keywords: Laser scanning, registration, target, error, building information modeling

Model-Based 3D Tracking in Multiple Camera Views

Itai Katz, Kamel Saidi, Alan Lytle
Pages 273-279

We present a method for tracking objects in 3D by comparing views from multiple video cameras against a 3D model. Camera-based object tracking is a vast field that until recently has been limited to the 2D (image) domain. With the falling cost of sensors in recent years, the research community ...

Keywords: Camera network, tracking, multiple cameras, 3D

Interactive Modeller for Equipment Operation in Long-Span Bridge Construction

Byungil Kim, Changyoon Kim, Wonil Lee, Hyoungkwan Kim
Pages 280-287

Three dimensional (3D) animation of construction simulation makes communication among different project participants effective by visualizing the construction operation. The effect of 3D animation becomes stronger in a more complex operation. However, the modelling process of the 3D animation requires time-consuming efforts. Thus, interactive modelling environment is strongly preferred where ...

Keywords: Cable-stayed bridge construction; Construction equipment; Computer simulation; 4D CAD; Augmented reality

Interactive Communication Platform for Construction Management Using Mobile Computing and Augmented Reality

Changyoon Kim, Byungil Kim, Hyunsu Lim, Hyoungkwan Kim
Pages 288-293

Construction projects involve numerous stakeholders and participants. Their communication processes can often times be tampered by ineffective communication systems. With the advent of mobile computing, the quality of communication between project stakeholders and participants could be significantly improved. In this study, for the effective communication among construction participants, an interactive ...

Keywords: Augmented Reality, Construction Management, Green Construction, Mobile Computing

Automated Measurement System for Crane Rail Geometry Determination

Peter Kyrinovic; Alojz Kopácik
Pages 294-305

The paper presents results of the bridge crane rail (CR) geometry determination with automated measurement system. The system consists of geodetic (robot station) and nongeodetic (electronic measurement systems) technologies. The robot station Leica TCA1101 (equipped with function LOCK and ATR), the three standard prisms for orientation and notebook are located ...

Keywords: Automated measurement system, crane rails, inductive transducer, robot station, crane rail position and geometry, Kalman filter

A Real-Time and Non Intrusive Structural Health Monitoring System for Buildings

Berardo Naticchia, Alberto Giretti, Alessandro Carbonari, Massimo Vaccarini
Pages 306-315

The constant innovation in the development of sensing devices for detecting health status of buildings, highlights the importance of this professional field. In fact, correct diagnosis would prevent many pathologies, driving maintenance interventions towards timely and well targeted operations. This paper describes the development of a monitoring system prototype, conceived ...

Keywords: Structural health monitoring, construction refurbishment, health and safety

Line Balance and Drive Bearing in Haulage Work

Shigeomi Nishigaki, Katsutoshi Saibara, Yoshio Kaneda, Toshinori Oka, Makoto Hasegwa, Hiroshi Ogura, Fujio Matsuda
Pages 316-325

This paper presents description methods as for both line of balance and drive bearing in a haul work. The line of balance is depicted by coefficient of concordance, which is a ratio of the precedent pitch time to the successive one in a haul work. Pitch time means hours worked ...

Keywords: Line of balance, pitch time, drive bearing, acceleration

LHD Remote Monitoring and Management Based on Delay/Desruption Tolerant Network

Shigeomi Nishigaki, Katsutoshi Saibara, Shigeo Kitahara, Hideaki Satoh, Makoto Hasegwa, Hiroshi Ogura, Fujio Matsuda
Pages 326-335

This paper presents the Load-Haul-Dump (LHD) remote monitoring and management system based on delay/disruption tolerant network, which aims to manage a fleet to ensure reliable haulage operations at points on construction in hard environment. The fleet means the complement of construction machines, dump trucks, and workers that are working together. ...

Keywords: LHD, remote monitoring on real time basis, event detection, and delay/disruption-tolerant

Work Efficiency Evaluation Model

Shigeomi Nishigaki, Katsutoshi Saibara, Shigeo Kitahara, Masaharu Moteki
Pages 336-345

As for a backhoe, generally, the work efficiency is utilized as one of terms to calculate the work capacity. As the case stands, evaluation metrics such as performance of work tasks, operational skill levels and energy-saving effects are usually and frequently represented by qualitatively volumetric indices of capacity. This paper ...

Keywords: Work control factor, work time factor, workability factor, commentary information

Techniques for Tracking RFID Tags in a BIM Model

Anoop Sattineni, Salman Azhar
Pages 346-354

Academicians and industry professionals have demonstrated the use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Tags in construction applications in the past few years. Recently building information modelling (BIM) technology is emerging as the industry standard in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) sector. This paper combines the two technologies to monitor ...

Keywords: Radio Frequency Identification, Building Information Modelling, Tracking

A Comparative Study on Color Model-Based Concrete Image Retrieval in Different Invariant Color Spaces

Hyojoo Son, Changmin Kim, Chagwan Kim
Pages 355-363

Construction progress monitoring has been recognized as one of the key elements that lead to the success of a construction project. The first requirement for effective progress monitoring is the collection and analysis of construction progress information. Through the use of image retrieval, progress information about structural components can be ...

Keywords: Color invariant, color segmentation, image processing, Mahalanobis distance, object recognition

Radial Basis Function Neural Network Metamodelling for 2D Resistivity Mapping

Herman Wahid, Hiep Nguyen-Duc, Q.P. Ha
Pages 364-373

Since the last few decades, electrical methods have been widely used in geophysical surveying to obtain high-resolution information about subsurface conditions. Resistivity is an important parameter in judging the ground properties, especially detecting buried objects of anomalous conductivity. Electrical DC resistivity sounding is the commonly used technique to obtain the ...

Keywords: Inversion problem, 2D resistivity, radial basis function, metamodelling

Merging Point Clouds from Heterogeneous 3D Scanners for Fast Update of an Earthwork Site Model

Seungwoo Jung, Soonwook Kwon, Hoki Kim, Seokjoon You, Moonyoung Cho
Pages 374-381

In earthwork sites, its terrain shapes are changing continuously as the work proceeds. If someone wants to grab three-dimensional geometry data of such sites, currently available technologies such as 3D laser scanners are unable to collect reasonably precise data in pseudo-real time (i.e., 1-10 scans per second). To tackle the ...

Keywords: Laser Scanner, Stereo Vision, Shape Registration, Intelligent Excavator, Earthwork

Optimising Thermal Insulation of Buildings by Influence of the Service Life by Help Computers

Ivan Zapletal
Pages 382-388

For building constructions, a new philosophy of their designing has been formulated. According to this, a building construction of optimal design should have the required standard and the minimum sum costs to make up construction and running cost during the anticipated service life of a building. The thermal insulation has ...

Keywords: Costs to make up construction, running costs, service life of the building and constructions, the optimal thickness of the thermal insulation, the minimum sum costs to make up construction and running cost during the anticipated service life of a building, the increasing energy costs

Visualizing Laser Scanner Data for Bridge Inspection

Guzide Atasoy, Pingbo Tang, Jiansong Zhang, Burcu Akinci
Pages 390-399

Laser scanners are being used for the geometric assessment of bridges due to their ability of capturing dense point clouds about an environment very quickly. As important as the geometric data collection, is the timely and intuitive interpretation of such point cloud data (PCD) enabled through effective visualization techniques. In ...

Keywords: Bridge Inspection, Laser Scanner Data, Visualization Techniques

A Particle Swarm Optimization Based Chaotic K-Means Evolutionary Approach

Min-Yuan Cheng, Kuo-Yu Huang, Hung-Ming Chen
Pages 400-409

The proposed approach brings up a manner of cognitiveness that inherits a paradigm in particle swarm optimization to implement a chaotic mapping and enhanced by K-means clustering algorithm. In this work, named KCPSO, chaotic mapping with ergodicity, irregularity and the stochastic properties in PSO contributes to global search while K-means ...

Keywords: Particle swarm optimization, Chaotic mapping, K-means

Enhancing Bid Decision Making in the Construction Industry: A New Multi-Criteria Prospect Model

Min-Yuan Cheng, Chia-Chi Hsiang, Hsing-Chih Tsai, Hoang-Linh Do
Pages 410-419

In the construction industry, government agencies and private sector clients typically adopt competitive bidding to determine contract awards. Two critical decisions that bidders face in competitive bidding include those regarding (1) whether or not to submit a bid and (2) what markup scale to use on the submitted bid (if ...

Keywords: Bidding Decision Making, Multi-Criteria Prospect Model, Cumulative Prospect Theory, Fuzzy Preference Relations

Modeling Object Identification and Tracking Errors on Image-Based Safety Assessment of Earthmoving Operations

Seokho Chi, Carlos H. Caldas
Pages 420-429

Object identification and tracking have become critical for automated on-site construction safety assessment. The primary objective of this paper is to present the development of a testbed to analyze the impact of object identification and tracking errors caused by data collection devices and algorithms used for safety assessment. The testbed ...

Keywords: Object identification and tracking, construction safety, automated safety assessment, error impact analysis

Project Data Warehouse Management with Multivariate Analysis

Jui-Sheng Chou, Hsin Wang, Hsien-Cheng Tseng
Pages 430-439

Many studies have generated cost estimating relationships (CERs) for transportation projects via data analysis. Some studies collected data from databases, while others sourced data from conventional paper-based formats. When cost data were not in a consistent format, many studies failed to discuss the streamlining of pattern recognition. This study adopts ...

Keywords: Data Warehouse, Multivariate Analysis, Estimation, Project Management, Transportation

Machine Selection Optimizing Method for Building Processes with Software Suport

Jozef Gašparík, Marián Gašparík
Pages 440-449

Getting fuels, economizing with them and effective utilization of them belong to the most complex problems of the present and future. Energy saving is one of the most important environment factor in construction company with developed a implemented Environment Management system (EMS) according to ISO 14001. We tried in contribution ...

Keywords: Construction, machines, optimizing, energy consumption

Estimation of Bridge Life Cycle Maintenance Costs Using Reliability-Based Model

Rong-Yau Huang, I-Shiang Mao
Pages 450-460

Bridge life cycle maintenance costs can be estimated more accurately if the deteriorating and maintaining process can be simulated objectively. This paper first proposed a reliabilitybased model for prediction of deterioration. The performance of bridge elements was quantified by the reliability index. A stochastic approach was then introduced and the ...

Keywords: Bridge, deterioration, reliability, cost estimation

Modelling of the Building Process in Construction Planning and Management Using I.T.

Cenek Jarský
Pages 461-470

The paper describes the main principles and results of the integrated cost estimation and project management microcomputer system developed in the last years on the base of the spatial, technological and time analysis of the building process with use of the methodology of the construction technology design. This expert system ...

Keywords: Construction technology, building process model, network analysis, project management

BIM Framework Variables for Theory and Implementation

Youngsoo Jung, Mihee Joo
Pages 471-479

Recent advances in building information modelling (BIM) have disseminated the utilization of three-dimensional (3D) graphic information in the construction industry. Nevertheless, overall and practical effectiveness of BIM utilization is difficult to justify at this stage. The purpose of this paper is to propose a BIM framework focusing on the issues ...

Keywords: CIC, BIM, framework, variables, practicability

Contextual Information Delivery on Construction Sites

Hiam Khoury, Vineet Kamat
Pages 480-489

The information-intensive nature of construction projects requires site personnel to have ondemand access to several pieces of construction project data (plans, drawings, schedules, specifications, etc). This paper evaluates the capability of the CIMsteel Integration Standards (CIS/2) product model, and project information systems such as Microsoft Access databases for improving traditional, ...

Keywords: Construction, information retrieval, BIM, databases

Using Information Delivery Manual (IDM) for Efficient Exchange of Building Design Information

Changhwan Kim, Soonwook Kwon, Seokjoon You, JungA Lim
Pages 490-497

In the new era of computerized building information, communication in a design and construction project demand transactions of large volume building model data containing various engineering domains, which causes increased costs in handling large data and communication problems due to poor understanding about which data should be shared. In this ...

Keywords: IDM (information delivery manual), Industrial Foundation Classes, Object-oriented, Relational Database, Information Model

Developing Energy Efficient Building Design in Machine Learning

Hyunjoo Kim, Annette Stumpf, Richard Schneider
Pages 498-504

Building energy simulation programs have been developed, enhanced, and are in wide-spread use throughout the building construction community (Stumpf et al. 2009). Energy modeling programs provide users with key building performance indicators such as energy use and demand, temperature, humidity, and costs. As the A/E/C industry is embracing the technology ...

Keywords: No keywords

Bridge Information Modelling (BrIM) and Model Utilization at Worksites in Finland

Teemu Kivimäki, Rauno Heikkilä
Pages 505-513

The paper introduces and discusses bridge engineering, design and construction R&D results in a Finnish bridge cluster consortium (5D-Bridge). Development of national bridge information modelling guideline in Finland is introduced, as well as latest developments in 3D modelling in practice. A library of frequently used bridge components was developed to ...

Keywords: 3D, bridge, information, modelling

Integrated Design Management System for Improving Effective Design Coopereation through Documentation

ChoongWan Koo, SangHyuk Park, JaeWon Shin, O Kyung Kwon
Pages 514-523

Construction industry consists of many stakeholders and is becoming more complex and interactive. Especially, design phases have a great effect on the efficiency of construction life cycle. Unsystematic and qualitative design management has made it more difficult to accurately manage design stages. To solve this problem, this study developed Integrated ...

Keywords: Integrated design management system, design work process, design documentation, design cooperation

A 3D Snake Approach for Extracting Plans of Heritage Buildings

Jose Llamas, Álvaro Melero, Eduardo Zalama, Jaime Gómez-García-Bermejo
Pages 524-533

A comprehensive documentation of construction surveying is always desirable and, in the case of cultural heritage, imperative. Detailed layouts of heritage constructions help the understanding of the historical development of the building, however, drawing these plans is, usually, a manual process. In this paper, we present a new approach for ...

Keywords: 3D surveying, Heritage documentation, laser scanning, 3D snake

The Automation of Construction Scheduling Considering Variability of Working Environment

Peter Makýš
Pages 534-543

The duration of building jobs is affected by numbers of different factors what causes that after short period of time schedules, not once, begin to differ from real run of construction. The attainment of stronger stability of the schedules requires to consider variability of factors affecting run of construction within ...

Keywords: Schedule, working environment

Digital Competencies in Process of Creating the Knowledge Company in Construction Sector

František Mesároš, Peter Mesároš
Pages 544-550

This study is focused on core competencies for lifelong learning for the knowledge society, especially on the digital competence. The aim of study is twofold. First, to examine the level of the digital competence in sample of graduate university students. Second, to give a proposal of procedure for measuring the ...

Keywords: Key competencies, digital competence, measurement

Development of Campus Space Navigation and Guide System

Yan-Chyuan Shiau, Tsung-Pin Tsai, Jia-Chu Lin, Chih-Tsun Hsiao
Pages 551-560

For larger enterprises usually occupying vast areas, visitors usually need to take long time to reach the objective location in an unfamiliar environment. SQL Server, ASP.net, PDA, GPS, Papago Sdk, wireless communication and windows environment are used in this study to develop “Space Navigation and Guide System”. The system integrates ...

Keywords: GPS, WiFi, database, PDA

Use RFID to Establish Site Building Material Management System

Yan-Chyuan Shiau, Ming-Teh Wang, Meng-Jia Yeh, Shang-Fong Chen
Pages 561-570

The demands of building materials are often schedule-orientated during execution of a construction project. In this study, RFID, ER Model, database and IT environment were used to develop the “Site Material Management System”. This system integrates site material control which assisted construction companies to execute material management on construction site. ...

Keywords: RFID, material management

Visualization and Communication Platform for Remote Monitoring of Infrastructure Projects

Koshy Varghese, Mehuli Majumdar
Pages 571-577

This paper proposes a conceptual framework for developing a communication platform to monitoring construction projects remotely. The need for remote monitoring is a requirement today in the construction industry as the number of project sites has increased significantly and the expertise available to resolve site related problems is not easily ...

Keywords: Remote Monitoring Dashboard, GIS,BIM & Schedule Integration

A Pilot Study on Enhancing the Application of Knowledge Management Systems Using Semantic Segmentation

Ji-Wei Wu, Judy C.R. Tseng, Wen-der Yu, Jyh-bin Yang, Wen-Nung Tsai, Shun-Min Lee
Pages 578-587

Owing to extensive knowledge management activities are promoted in various enterprises. How to enhance the application of knowledge management systems (KMS) becomes a critical issue. One of the enhanced applications of KMS is the SOS system, which aims at sharing knowledge for solving emerging problems. While it takes time for ...

Keywords: Knowledge management, Text mining, Semantic segmentation

Automation and Robotic Assisted Living

Thomas Bock, Thomas Linner, Gerhard Fabritz, Georgi Temelkov, Maria Malinova, Dimitrina Jegova
Pages 589-596

Bill Gates today announces the era of service robotics and estimates that service robotics as part of assisted environments will undergo a similar fast and rigid development as the spread of personal computers in private and economic areas since the nineties. Already in 1961 Joe Engelberger wondered if relegating robotic ...

Keywords: Robotics, Physical Computing, Personal Assistance, Transformations

Individualization of Design Variation in Construction

Thomas Bock, Thomas Linner
Pages 597-606

Mass Customization has been introduced and applied in a multitude of industries and should now be transferred and developed further for application in construction industry. Industrialized customization offers particular advantages compared to conventional construction as it allows addressing parameters relevant for individual and sustainable construction consequently and simultaneously. An efficient ...

Keywords: Industrialization, Mass Customization, Complementarities, User-Co- Creation, Japanese Prefabrication

Exploring Underlying Patterns of Emergent Problem-Solving in Construction with TRIZ

Pei-Lun Chang, Wen-Der Yu, Shao-Tsai Cheng, Shun-Min Lee
Pages 607-616

Construction engineers and managers are dealing with emergent problems in their daily works. The problem-solving experiences, usually recorded as historical Lessons-Learned Files (LLFs), accumulated from previous projects are applied repeatedly in similar problems encountered. Such methodology is very similar to the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ) widely adopted in ...

Keywords: Problem-solving, Knowledge management, TRIZ

Establishing the KM-Oriented BPR Model for Construction Firm - A Case Study

Min-Yuan Cheng, Hsien-Sheng Peng, Chih-Min Huang, Yu-Han Chang
Pages 617-626

This study proposed a KM-oriented BPR model to assist managers to implement the knowledge management in the construction firms. Two philosophies, namely the (1) Business Process Reengineering (BPR) and the (2) Knowledge Management (KM), were combined in the addressed KM-oriented BPR model to ensure the KM operations can be merged ...

Keywords: Knowledge Management (KM), Business Process Reengineering (BPR), construction firm, Architecture of Integrated Information System (ARIS)

Working Method to Enhance End-User Value for Aging-in-Place

F.J.M. van Gassel, J.E.M.H. van Bronswijk
Pages 627-633

We focus on finding the appropriate working method to enhance end-user value for aging-inplace. Older adults prefer to stay in their own environment and enjoy remaining independent and socially integrated. However, our current built environment is largely unsuitable for Aging-in-Place. The objective of this research is to test a working ...

Keywords: Teaching novice experts, user values, aging-in-place

Data Preprocessing Method for Cost Estimation of Building Projects

Sae-Hyun Ji, Moonseo Park, Hyun-Soo Lee, You-Sang Yoon
Pages 634-643

All construction projects have unique characteristics that must be considered during cost estimating and checking activities. Especially in the conceptual and schematic design stages, owners require precise cost estimates than their information providing. However, information related to the project scope is more likely to change in the early design phases ...

Keywords: Database, cost, estimate, preprocessing

New Service Development Model for Property Management Company

Ming-Hsiu Tsai, Kuan-Ju Wang
Pages 644-653

To enhance the service quality of property management companies (PMCs), this study focuses on no service quality evaluation but the new service development so that the companies can design new and critical services to meet consumers’ needs. Service positioning and design are two primary issues for new service development. Accordingly, ...

Keywords: Property management, service map, service blueprint, service design

Managing Performance Based Building of Smart Homes

Remy D. van der Vlies, Ger J. Maas
Pages 654-666

Smart homes are considered a vital technology in an aging society as they compensate for a shortage in care workers. However, often smart homes do not perform well. Performance management is well known in the manufacturing industry but not common in the building industry. The performance approach is the practice ...

Keywords: Smart homes, domotics, construction management, performance based building.

Using SIA and DEMATEL to Identify the Factors Affecting Design Delays

Wei-Chih Wang, Chia-Li Lin, Ming-Tsung Lee
Pages 667-676

Design delays can adversely affect the total completion time of a construction project. Factors affecting the delays of design duration are complicated and interrelated. This study proposes a methodology to support identify key driving factors affecting design delays and sieve out the initiating delay factors for improvement. The core of ...

Keywords: design delays, satisfied importance analysis (SIA), decision making trial and evaluation laboratory technique (DEMATEL), influence-relations (IR) map

Evaluation of Delay Analysis Methodologies on Lost Productivity in Construction Projects

Jyh-Bin Yang, Kuei-Mei Huang, Chang-Hung Lee
Pages 677-683

Schedule delays commonly appear in construction projects and result in delay claim progressively. Several studies have proposed various schedule delay analysis methodologies, however, most of the studies focused on the analysis of surface data (as-planned and as-built schedules), few of them on evaluating the effects of root causes, such as ...

Keywords: Schedule Management, Delay Analysis, Delay Claim, Lost Productivity

Automated System for Productivity Assessement of Earthmoving Operations

Adel Alshibani, Osama Moselhi
Pages 684-693

Onsite data collection is essential for estimating onsite productivity, measuring project performance, and tracking large earthmoving operations. This paper presents a web-based system, developed for estimating onsite productivity and tracking earthmoving operations. The paper briefly describes the main components of the developed system and focuses primarily on estimating onsite productivity ...

Keywords: Earthmoving, automated data collection, GPS, and productivity

Site Automation - Does it Pay off?

Achiel Sturm
Pages 694-702

Processes on a job site resemble an industrial manufacturing process. Different stages depend on each other, but are often carried out independently. Automating a job site by utilizing machine control is a way to increase productivity and reduce the operating costs. To meet the tight time schedule for a project ...

Keywords: No keywords

Location Orientation Manipulator by Konrad Wachsmann, John Bollinger and Xavier Mendoza

Thomas Bock, Willi Viktor Lauer
Pages 704-712

1969 one of the first 7 dof kinematics was designed by Konrad Wachsmann and his Team, John Bollinger and Xavier Mendoza. Except of some exhibitions within the seventies, in which this project was described shortly, the Motion Machine or Location Orientation Manipulator remained nearly thoroughly unknown. This article will present ...

Keywords: No keywords

The Helix-Tower by Konrad Zuse Automated Con- and Deconstruction

Thomas Bock, Nora Eibisch
Pages 713-722

In this Paper we present a continuously extendable and retractable tower construction: The Helix-Tower by Konrad Zuse. From 1989 onwards Zuse worked on the design of the heightadjustable tower. In 1993 Zuse had accomplished the prototype HT1 on a 1:30 scale to test the construction. In 1992 he started sketching ...

Keywords: Automated con- and deconstruction, Robot Oriented Design, Helixturm

Robotization in Construction

Pavel Svoboda, Jana Beranová, Vjaceslav Usmanov
Pages 723-731

Robotization is a term frequently used in particular with reference to the car industry. With the development of service robots, however, we may expect that these technologies will be increasingly applied in construction as well. The objective of this paper is to map the state of the art in automation ...

Keywords: Robot, robotics, robotization, automatica, industrial robot, service robot