2011 Proceedings of the 28th ISARC, Seoul, Korea

Demographic Analysis on the Monorail and Urban Development

Yuan wen Zhang, Fukuda Hiroatsu, Yu peng Wang

Nowadays, typical cities are heavily reliant on automobile cars. which makes the public services inefficient and cities are becoming hollowed out, in this case, cities gradually lose vitality. This study is about the problem which is based on the population alongside the Kitakyushu monorail, people there are looking forward to ...

Keywords: Monorail, Usage Situation, Population, Urban Development

Robotizing Workforce in Future Built Environments

Ger J. Maas; Frans J.M. van Gassel
Pages 1-6

The aim of this paper is to define challenges for Automation and Robotics in construction (A+R) to enhance client and social value. Construction contributes to a positive living environment for society and is the largest sector of Europe’s economy with a size of around 2,500 billion Euros. Ten research projects ...

Keywords: Human-machine Technology, Automation, Robotics, Performance Engineering, Client Value, Society Value

Advanced Robotics & Mechatronics and their Applications in Construction Automation

Tatsuo Arai
Pages 7-12

The keynote provides the sate-of-the-art Japanese R&D in robotics and mechatronics closely related to the construction automation. There are three major domestic robot conferences in Japan. Judging from the number of papers and participants the generic robotic research and development is still very active. Even though the construction industry has ...

Keywords: Robotics & Mechatronics, Autonomous, Unmanned, Robotic House

"Human-Robot Cooperation Technology" An Ideal Midway Solution Heading Toward the Future of Robotics and Automation in Construction

Chang-soo Han
Pages 13-18

The current construction industry has different environmental characteristics compared to other industries. Problems such as the instability of labor force demand and supply and the increasing labor costs are surfacing. Thus, in response to a high growth rate of the construction market, it is advisable to lower the level of ...

Keywords: Human-robot Cooperation (HRC) Technology, Sensing Technology, Control Technology, System & Interface Technology

Automated System of Building Machine Group Selection from the Point of Energy Consumption Minimization

Josef Gasparik, Marian Gasparik
Pages 19-24

Energy saving is one of the most important environmental factor during the process of building realization. The objective of our contribution is proposal of building machine group selection automated system for earth processes from the point of energy consumption minimization. There is described at this paper structure of machine selection ...

Keywords: Building, Machine, Automated System, Energy, Optimization, Earth Process

Mapping System between Property of BIM Software and Material of Energy Plus for Open BIM-Based Energy Performance Assessment

Inhan Kim, Hanjoon Kim, Jungsik Choi
Pages 25-26

Recently, AEC industries have been much research BIM-based energy performance and green building, in Korea. However, Current researches have the lacks of standard guideline for BIM data for BIM-based energy performance assessment and the limitation of interoperability between BIM software. Interoperability is required to Open BIM-based energy performance assessment and ...

Keywords: Energy Performance Assessment, Open BIM, Mapping System, IFC, Energy Plus

Design Approach of Energy Efficient Ready Made Garments Factory in View of Thermal Comfort

Sajal Chowdhury and Md. Rabiul Alam
Pages 27-32

In Bangladesh Garments Factories are playing a vital role in the field of economical development but over the last 32 years these factories have been highly criticized for the hazardous working environment in the production floor in which high thermal gains from the artificial lighting, poor natural lighting system, excessive ...

Keywords: Thermal Comfort, Energy Efficient Design Approach, Ready Made Garments Factory

Visual Req Calculation Tool for Green Building Evaluation in Taiwan

Shen Chang, Bo-Cing Lee, Po-Yen Chen, I-Chen Wu
Pages 33-38

The concept of a “green building” was first introduced to Taiwan in 1999, and began to develop regulations for the design and evaluation of energy-saving buildings. The Ratio of Equivalent Transparency (Req) is a basic index for assessing whether a building is energy-efficient. Req is the ratio of the area of ...

Keywords: Req, Green Building, Visualization, Energy Saving, 3D Models

A Comparative Study on the Relationship between Residential Density and Vehicular Energy Use in Florida

Yongjin Joo, Young Il Kim, Tae-Ho Kim
Pages 39-44

High population, vehicles, and employment and high energy use could generate congestion that has been considered as a result from diseconomies of agglomeration. However, congestion and energy use problem could be mitigated in a compact city due to shorter commuting distance, efficient vehicular operation, etc. US government and local state ...

Keywords: Urban Density, VMT, Energy Use, & Compact Development

Decentralised Predictive Control with Energy Dissipation Bounds for Wireless Structural Control Applications

Tri Tran, Q.P. Ha
Pages 45-50

Decentralized control architectures for multi-storey buildings using wireless sensors and distributed embed- ding systems have been attracting more research recently. The designs for this application are however limited by the com- putational capacity embedded in each subsystem, the communication bandwidth and range of wireless channels, as well as the temporal ...

Keywords: Decentralized Structural Control, Predictive Control, Energy Dissipation Condition, Linear Matrix Inequality

The Virtual Environment for Force-Feedback Experiment of Excavator Using a Novel Designed Haptic Device

Kyeong Won Oh, Dongnam Kim, Nam Hoon Kim, Daehie Hong
Pages 51-56

This paper describes an approach force-feedback of excavator which is considered for tele-operation using a novel designed haptic device in virtual environment. This study has two main themes, the newly designed haptic device and force-feedback algorithm in virtual environment for excavator. The device can be controlled by human arm joint. ...

Keywords: Haptic Device, Virtual Environment, Excavator

Development of Functionality-Oriented Robotic Environments through Process Analysis and Process Modification

Thomas Linner, Ivana Abazovic, Bernhard Ellmann, Thomas Bock
Pages 57-63

For the development of complex AAL-Environments comprising multiple subsystems and assistance tech- nologies new development methods are required exceeding the application scope of architectural methods of space devel- opment and methods of barrier-free architecture. In this paper we present the results of a study on the applicability of a product ...

Keywords: Service Robotics, Intelligent Environments, Process Analysis, Integration

Laser Marking System Based on 3D CAD Model

Shintaro Sakamoto, Naruo Kano, Takeshi Igarashi, Hiroki Kishimoto, Hirohiko Fujii, Yuji Oosawa, Kentarou Minami, Kousei Ishida
Pages 64-69

In many cases of renovation work, it is very difficult to gain sufficient information about the existing building such as the positions and dimensions of the frame, interior and equipment because of incomplete or missing drawings. As a result, it is necessary to fabricate the parts on the construction site. ...

Keywords: Renovation Work, 3D CAD, 3D Laser Scanner, Total Station, Marking

Integrated Environmental Design and Robotic Fabrication Workflow for Ceramic Shading Systems

Martin Bechthold, Jonathan King, Anthony Kane, Jeffrey Niemasz, Christoph Reinhart
Pages 70-75

The current design practice for high performance, custom facade systems disconnects the initial façade design from the fabrication phase. The early design phases typically involve a series of iterative tests during which the environmental performance of different design variants is verified through simulations or physical measurements. After completing the environmental ...

Keywords: Ceramic, Workflow, Performance, Facade, Robotic Fabrication, Simulation

Development of Double Arm Working Machine for Demolition and Scrap Processing

Takayuki Omata, Hideto Ishibashi, Kunitsugu Tomita
Pages 76-81

The development of "The double arm working machine", that is suitable for demolition and scrap-processing, and its operation support technologies are described. The contents of these technologies are interference warning system, grasping force control system and weight measuring system. In addition, the succession machine, which is developed based on the ...

Keywords: Excavator, Demolition, Handling Arm, Construction Robot, Manipulator

Proposal of Installation Method of Heavy Duty Glass Using Intuitive Manipulation Device

Myeong Su Gil, Min Sung Kang, Seung Hoon Lee, Daegeon Kim, Bok-kue Kim, Chang Soo Han
Pages 82-88

Glass is widely used as finishing material in order to allow good appearance from building inside and outside. And the trend of construction material and component is toward larger and heavier. So, safely to install this heavy duty and fragile glass, we proposed new methodology for glass installation. First we ...

Keywords: Human-Robot Cooperation, Construction Robot, Intuitive Manipulation Device, Heavy Duty Glass, Virtual Axis

On Computer Modelling and Utility Assessment of Buildings and Projects

Cenek Jarsky
Pages 89-94

The paper describes the methodology of computer modeling of the building process of projects with utility assessment and the main principles of the integrated cost estimation, project management and quality assurance microcomputer based system developed recently. This expert system is based on quick modeling of the building process by use ...

Keywords: Construction Technology, Building Process, Network Analysis, Model, Utility Assessment, Project Management

A Study on the Virtual Digging Simulation of a Hydraulic Excavator

Young Bum Kim, Hyuk Kang, Jun Hyeong Ha, Moo Seung Kim, Pan Young Kim, Ssang Jae Baek, Jinsoo Park
Pages 95-100

The interest in unmanned excavator is growing more and more for the sake of work efficiency and safety of the operator. It is general understanding that an optimal working path planning and inverse dynamic control should be resolved first for the realization of the unmanned excavator. In this paper, the ...

Keywords: Unmanned Excavator, Optimal Path Planning, Inverse Dynamics, Soil-Tool Interaction, Virtual Digging Simulation

Construction Project Risk Control Based on Expertise Using Fuzzy Set Theory

Andrzej Minasowicz, Bartosz Kostrzewa, Jacek Zawistowski
Pages 101-106

The article shows procedure, which enables to control risk during project lifetime on the basis of earned value theory ratings variation in feasibility study. Sample project has been divided into typical investment tasks, then schedule and cost estimate have been worked out. Information according possible cost and time variation for ...

Keywords: Risk, Management, Civil Engineering, Fuzzy Sets, Earned Value Theory, Control

A Crowd Model with Multiple Individual Parameters to Represent Individual Behaviour in Crowd Simulation

Quanbin Sun; Song Wu
Pages 107-112

This paper presents a crowd model which aims to simulate the individual behaviour and increase the heterogeneity in crowd simulation thus to achieve a more realistic simulation result. This model builds upon the physics foundation by referencing both Reynolds’ Boids model and Helbing’s Social Force model. The mechanism of behaviour ...

Keywords: Crowd Simulation, Crowd Modelling, Individual Behaviour, Multi-Agent System, Social Force Model

Computation and Construction of Vault Geometry Prototypes

Sambit Datta, Michael Sharman, Stuart Hanafin, Teng-Wen Chang
Pages 113-117

Physical models and scaled prototypes of architecture play an important role in design. They enable architects and designers to investigate the formal, functional, and material attributes of the design. Understanding digital processes of realizing scaled prototypes is a significant problem confronting design practice. This paper reports on three approaches to ...

Keywords: Parametric Geometry, Digital Fabrication, Physical Prototyping, Gaussian Vault

Identifying Construction Problem-Solving Patterns of Lessons Learned with Text Mining Method

Pei-lun Chang, Wen-der Yu, Shun-min Lee
Pages 118-123

Many engineering consulting firms have adopted knowledge management systems (KMSs) as a tool to record the knowledge and experiences of their engineers and staffs. It was found from previous research that similar construction problems were encountered and resolved by the same firm. The most commonly adopted form of such kind ...

Keywords: Problem Solving, Knowledge Management, Lessons-learned, Text Mining, Data Mining

CAD Exchange Format in the Field of Public Works Japan

Yasushi Kawanai
Pages 124-129

There is a CAD data exchange format named SXF (Scadec eXchange Format) in the field of Japanese public works. It was developed by a consortium in 1999 to be based on the ISO10303-202, so that the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transportation and Tourism (MLIT) could start accepting e-delivery (e-submission) of ...

Keywords: CAD, CALS/EC, Public Works, Exchange Format, MLIT, SXF

The Study of BIM-Based MRT Structural Inspection System

Chung-I Yen, Jieh-Haur Chen, Pei-Fen Huang
Pages 130-135

The Taipei MRT (Metropolitan Rapid Transit) system has been operated since 1996. Facing the challenge of safety and sustainability of MRT, it is urgent to develop a structural inspection strategy and maintenance system based on the concept of life cycle management. In the mean while, Building Information Modeling (BIM) has ...

Keywords: Building Information Modeling, Metropolitan Rapid Transit System, Shield Tunnel, Facility Management, Structural Inspection

Enhanced Platform for Building Information Modeling to Improve Reality

Boong Yeol Ryoo; Hyung Keun Park
Pages 136-137

In order to improve the mobility and practicality of Building Information Models (BIM), a framework using a multimedia device, a global positioning system (GPS) and inclinometer is proposed. The GPS receiver provides location and an inclinometer measures angle of slope, both inclines and declines, of an observer. Based on these ...

Keywords: Mixed Reality, Building Information Model (BIM), Global Positioning System (GPS), Inclinometer, Augmented Reality (AR)

BIM–Based Building Curriculum Vitae System

Wei-Liang Kuo, Yi-Wei Lee, Kai-Yun He and I-Chen Wu
Pages 138-143

During the life cycle of a building project, voluminous data and information are usually created along with the delivery processes of building products. Currently, most information management methods are based on several different file collection approaches, which are mostly unrelated. Therefore, the various project participants are unable to synthesize building ...

Keywords: BIM, 3D Models, Information Integration, Information Visualization, Construction Life Cycle

Applying Cloud Computing Technology to BIM Visualization and Manipulation

Tien-Hsiang Chuang, Bo-Cing Lee, I-Chen Wu
Pages 144-149

A current trend in the construction sector is the application of Building Information Modeling (BIM) for the efficient integration and management of engineering information. Today, engineering consultant, construction and architectural companies conduct research into the development of BIM in order to integrate and visualize engineering information. The capabilities of BIM ...

Keywords: BIM, Cloud Computing, SaaS, Information Visualization, Information Manipulation

Preparing A Buindling Information Model For Facility Maintenance And Management

Anoop Sattenini, Salman Azhar, Joseph Thuston
Pages 150-155

Over the past five years Building Information Modeling Software (BIM) has made tremendous inroads in the US-AEC industry. The use of BIM software such as Autodesk Revit is now common place among large US contractors. The model is currently being used for issues such as design, engineering, visualization, conflict resolution, ...

Keywords: Facility Management, Building Information Modeling, University Facilities Division

The BIM-Based Information Integration Sphere for Construction Projects

Chung-Wei Feng, Osama Mustaklem, Yi-Jao Chen
Pages 156-161

Building Information Modeling (BIM) has been employed in the AEC industry to provide the data repository for the various stakeholders of construction projects in past years. For example architects use it to streamline the information transition throughout the design phases of a project, structural and MEP engineers use BIM as ...

Keywords: BIM, Information Integration Model

Framework of an Integrated Information System with OpenBIM Based Library for New Korean Style House

Seung Hwa Park, Jiah Lee, In Han Kim
Pages 162-163

This research introduces the roadmap of Establishment of Korean Traditional House Component Library Project (EKTHCLP) which developed an open BIM-based library system for new Korean traditional house components. In the project, the authors defined a parametric library by an XML-based approach; implemented the library to a browser and then developed ...

Keywords: Korean Traditional House, Han-ok, Building Information Modeling (BIM), openBIM, Foundation Classes (IFC), Library, Feature based, XML Schema

Sensing Construction Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs)

Abdullatif Alwasel, Karim Elrayes, Eihab M. Abdel-Rahman, Carl Haas
Pages 164-169

Much of the developed world’s construction workforce is increasing in average age, and yet construction workers typically retire well before they reach the age of sixty. One reason is that their bodies are worn out because of the nature of the work. We therefore face the challenge of both reducing ...

Keywords: Robotics, Construction, Workers, Ergonomics, Musculoskeletal, Wireless, Fatigue, Gerontechnology

Anatomy of Construction Equipment Move and Algorithms for Collision Detection

Seokyon Hwang
Pages 170-175

Equipment-involved accidents are a long-lasting problem of the construction industry. Collisions between pieces of equipment are responsible for a significant portion of damages resulting from those accidents. This study discusses strategies for preventing such collisions on the construction jobsites. The strategies are built up on two premises: (1) equipment operators can ...

Keywords: Construction Equipment, Equipment Collision, Field Safety, Automated Real-Time Monitoring

Simple Tool for Cost Estimation of Recovery of Damaged Sites

Masaru Kaidzu; Hiroyuki Takiguchi
Pages 176-181

Recently, Home use digital camera equipped with GPS and compass are available in the market. Some of them are equipped with accelerometer and perform positioning in places where receiving GPS signal is difficult. Using such digital cameras, we can record position and direction of cameras on EXIF information of pictures. ...

Keywords: No keywords

Assessment of WSN and RFID Technologies for Real-Time Occupancy Information

Gulben Calis, Suvil Deora, Nan Li, Burcin Becerik-Gerber, Bhaskar Krishnamachari
Pages 182-188

Real-time occupancy information is valuable to the building industry for a wide variety of applications such as on-site safety management, energy conservation, emergency response and so on. With the emergence of various technologies that can potentially be used for indoor location sensing (ILS), the building industry is in search for ...

Keywords: Occupancy Detection, Indoor location Sensing (ILS), Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), Sequence Based Localization, Nearest Neighbor Localization, Accuracy

Measurement of Structural Displacement Using Visually Servoded Paired Structured Light System

Haemin Jeon, Yousuk Bang, Hyun Myung
Pages 189-192

Over the past several decades, there has been rapid growth in research on the displacement measurement system for large structures. However, widely used sensors such as accelerometers, strain gauges, PZT, and GPS have disadvantages that they indirectly measure the displacement, are difficult to install, or costly to maintain. To solve ...

Keywords: SHM, Displacement, Laser, Vision, Manipulator, Visual Servoing

Intuitive and Usable Risk-Based Cost Contingency Estimation Model for General Contracting Firms

Javier Ordonez; Borinara Park
Pages 193-198

Construction projects inherently possess uncertainties, which represent risks and opportunities to contracting business entities. Their business success, therefore, is largely defined by how these uncertainties are managed from the planning and estimating to execution phases. Traditionally risks, in particular, have been dealt by converting them into the form of a ...

Keywords: Contingency, Risk Management, Risk Register

Stochastic Decision Making for Sustainable Energy System Selection

Jui-Sheng Chou; Citra Satria Ongkowijoyo
Pages 199-205

A sustainability enhancement is generally measurable by its environmental, economic, and socio-cultural effects. To apply this concept, this study developed and empirically tested a risk-based method for evaluating renewable energy policy. The proposed graphical matrix approach coupled with Monte Carlo simulation identifies and measures critical performance indicators at an acceptance ...

Keywords: Multi-criteria Decision Making; Monte Carlo Simulation; Graphical Matrix Approach; Sustainability Assessment; Renewable Energy

An Experimental Case-Based Reasoning Mechanism for Construction Mediation

Chun-Yi Hwang; Nie-Jia Yau
Pages 206-211

Chinese mediation mechanism has long been relied to resolve every kind of disputes from Western Zhou Dynasty (1046-771 BC). Contemporary Taiwanese legal system inherits this invaluable culture and introduces foreign laws into its legal system. Since dispute board (DB) and the way to enforce its decisions has been widely discussed ...

Keywords: Construction Dispute Resolution, Dispute Board, Mediation, Case-based Reasoning

An Agent-Based Simulation Approach to Urban Morphology Analysis

Liang Chen; Edward Ng
Pages 212-216

The analysis of urban morphology and its impact on ventilation is a critical task in urban planning. Accurate urban-scale computational fluid dynamics models (CFD) are sometimes too expensive for rough estimations. Effective and convenient computer tools that could depict the pattern of the urban roughness are in great need. This ...

Keywords: Urban Morphology Analysis, Multi-agent System, Way-finding

Decision Support for Configuration Systems of Industrialized Constructions

Tamas Raez; Thomas Olofsson
Pages 217-222

The limitation in the design space of industrialized housing opens up possibilities for the creation of customer focused configuration systems and for increased level of design automation. The creation and performance analysis of design variants can be made quicker and be of better quality with the help of such configuration ...

Keywords: Industrialized Construction, Configuration System, Automation, Decision-making

Development of Information System for Large-Scale Structural Steel Fabricator’s Production Management

Jung Gon Kim, Naiyuan Chi, Tsuneo Kakuta, Satoru Furukawa, Shuzo Furusaka
Pages 223-224

This paper deals with the development of information system for steel fabricator to manage its production and delivery works. Each fabricator has different production and quality management capabilities. However, most of the proposed information models for steel construction management have focused upon the construction site for delivery and erection of ...

Keywords: Structural Steel Members, Fabricator, Barcodes, Information System, Production, Quality Management, Design Change

Stochastic Modeling for Quantifying Optimal Incentive Amounts of Early Project Completion

Kunhee Choi, Koohong Chung, Eun Suk Park, Jae Ho Pyeon
Pages 225-226

An effective Incentive/Disincentive (I/D) rate should fall above what a contractor needs to turn a profit by exceeding Contractor’s Additional Cost (CAC) for expediting construction and below the total cost saving by the agency. However, determining this type of I/D rate has been extremely challenging because of contractor’s reluctance to ...

Keywords: Infrastructure, Rehabilitation, Innovative Contracting, Incentive/disincentive, Decision-support Model, Stochastic Modeling, Road User Cost

As–Built Residential Building Information Collection and Modeling Methods for Energy Analysis

Chao Wang, Yuye Peng, Yong Cho, Haorong Li
Pages 227-232

Existing buildings represent the greatest opportunity to improve building energy efficiency and reduce environmental impacts. However, millions of decision makers of the buildings usually lack sufficient information or tools for measuring their building’s energy performance. The goal of this project is to develop and evaluate rapid low-cost measurement and modeling ...

Keywords: Image Processing, Energy, Residential Building, 3D Modeling, Object Recognition

Modelling and Optimization of Direct Expansion Air Conditioning System for Commercial Building Energy Saving

V. Vakiloroaya, J.G. Zhu, Q.P. Ha
Pages 233-238

This paper presents a comprehensive refinement of system modeling and optimization study of air-cooled direct expansion (DX) refrigeration systems for commercial buildings to address the energy saving problem. An actual DX rooftop package of a commercial building in the hot and dry climate condition is used for experimentation and data ...

Keywords: Direct Expansion, Empirical Method, Energy Saving, Optimization

Daylight Performance and Energy Consumption in a Simple Room of Residential Building in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

Sajal Chowdhury, Md. Rabiul Alam, Shajib Paul
Pages 239-244

Daylight is the main contributor to save the energy consumption in the residential building because it is the most valuable natural resources available to architects and engineers to develop the visual quality of interior spaces. It is accredited that a significant reduction in artificial lighting and subsequent primary energy consumption ...

Keywords: Daylight, Energy Consumption, Residential Building, Artificial Lighting

HVAC Integrated Control for Energy Saving and Comfort Enhancement

V. Vakiloroaya, S.W. Su, Q.P. Ha
Pages 245-250

The overall attainable reduction in energy consumption and enhancement of human comfort of Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems are dependant on thermodynamic behavior of buildings as well as performance of HVAC components and device control strategies. In this paper by refining the models of HVAC components, the influence ...

Keywords: Comfort Enhancement, Energy Saving, HVAC System, Integrated Control

Towards Optimization of Building Energy and Occupant Comfort Using Multi-Agent Simulation

Laura Klein, Geoffrey Kavulya, FarrokhJazizadeh, Jun-young Kwak, Burcin Becerik-Gerber, Pradeep Varakantham, MilindTambe
Pages 251-256

The primary consumers of building energy are heating, cooling, ventilation, and lighting systems, which maintain occupant comfort, and electronics and appliances that enable occupant functionality. The optimization of building energy is therefore a complex problem highly dependent on unique building and environmental conditions as well as on time dependent operational ...

Keywords: Building Energy Consumption, Multi-agent Systems, Occupant Comfort, Multi-objective Optimization

HI-FLEX: Modularized and Autonomous Building Skin System for Maximized Energy Efficiency

Seongju Chang, Jeongbae Lee, Minyou Kim
Pages 257-258

HIFLEX is an innovative context-aware modular building skin system capable of operation-time energy and human comfort optimization by being equipped with various sensors, actuators and delicate components for thermal control, solar irradiance regulation and enclosure-based ventilation combined with heat recovery mechanism. Its Low-E coated high performance dual glazing with air ...

Keywords: High Performance Building Skin, Operation Time Design, Enclosure Based Ventilator, Dynamic Adaptation

Design and Verification of a New Energy Saving Electric Excavator

Kyoung Kwan Ahn, Jong Il Yoon, Dinh Quang Truong
Pages 259-264

The aim of this paper is to propose a new type of excavator - electric excavator (ELEX) - with energy saving capacity using six quasi independent electro-hydraulic actuators (EHAs). The quasi-independent configuration minimizes hydraulic interferences among the actuators and losses which occur in traditional hydraulic excavators (HYEXs). In addition, the ...

Keywords: Hydraulic Excavator, Electric Excavator, Electro-Hydraulic Actuator, Control, Saving Energy

Application of Image Processing to Detecion of Workers Around Heavy Equipment

Soungho Chae
Pages 265-266

This paper describes the application of machine vision technology to prevention of collision accidents with heavy equipment such as hydraulic excavators and cranes. The images of the back side of heavy equipment with cameras which can take a picture with 180 degree shooting angle were captured and the worker was ...

Keywords: Safety Management, Collision Accident, Image Processing, Laser Range Finder, Orientation Sensor

Interoperable Approach in Support of Semi-Automated Construction Management

Alberto Giretti, Alessandro Carbonari, Massimo Vaccarini, Federico Robuffo, Berardo Naticchia
Pages 267-272

Construction progress monitoring has always been a major concern for managers. Several are the advantages provided by a reliable approach in this field, among which we cite efficient project performance control and quality control, timely on-site inspections, better control of health and safety prescriptions against job injuries and fatalities, which ...

Keywords: Construction management, construction progress, interoperability, real-time monitoring

Deploying & Managing Pervasive Computing on City Scale

Thomas Linner, Alaguraj Shrikathiresan, Thomas Bock
Pages 273-279

In this paper, demographic change and ageing societies are identified as potential drivers for the development and implementation of pervasive technologies in our environment. Computers and Microsystems have become smaller and cheaper and become a part of our life and society. Wearable Robots, advanced prosthetics and sensor implants even aim ...

Keywords: Pervasive Computing, Ubiquitous City, Ambient Assisted Living, Building Information Modeling

ICT Adoption in the Iranian Construction Industry: Barriers and Opportunities

Ali Alaghbandrad, Mohammad Bagher Nobakht, Mojtaba Hosseinalipour, Ehsan Asnaashari
Pages 280-285

In the competitive market of the construction industry, construction firms attempt to implement the projects with the least cost and time, and the highest quality. They try different ways to increase the efficiency of their projects. One of the most important factors which affects the efficiency of construction projects is ...

Keywords: ICT, Construction Industry, Construction Projects, Iran

Multi-Agent-Based Approach for Real-Time Collision Avoidance and Path Re-Planning on Construction Sites

Cheng Zhang, Amin Hammad, Jamal Bentahar
Pages 286-291

Collisions on construction sites are one of the major causes of fatal accidents. The complexity of equipment operations require detailed planning and better real-time control of the work. Research involving artificial intelligence in construction industry has been done to enhance communication between team workers and resolve distributed problems, for example, ...

Keywords: Multi-agent, Real-time, Collision Avoidance, Path re-planning, Construction Site

Application of Robotic Obstacle Avoidance in Crane Lift Path Planning

Zhen Lei, Saeed Behzadipour, Mohamed Al-Hussein, Ulrich (Rick) Hermann
Pages 292-297

Crane lift path planning aims to find a collision-free trajectory for the lifted object among on-site obstacles from its pick location to the final location. However, the current manual planning process is time-consuming, prone to errors, and requires the practitioners to have exceptional visual abilities, since the construction site is ...

Keywords: Crane lift; Path planning; Robotics motion planning; Automation

Experimental Study on Hydraulic Signal Compensation for the Application of a Haptic Interface to a Tele-Operated Excavator

Hyung-Jun Park, Seunghoon Lee, Sung-Kyun Kang, Min-Sung Kang, Min-Su Song, Changsoo Han
Pages 298-303

Excavators are widely used in public works and construction sites. Semi-automated or automated excavators are also being developed. They are used for very dangerous tasks such as building dismantlement and disaster restoration. Under difficult circumstances, it is more efficient to use an excavator operated with a remote control system. Many ...

Keywords: Tele-Operated Excavator, Haptic Interface, Force-feedback Joystick, Hydraulic Signal, Regression Matrix

Conceptual Cost Estimation of Pump Stations Projects Using Fuzzy Clustering

Mohamed Marzouk; Magdy Omar
Pages 304-309

Conceptual cost estimates, are prepared at the very early stages of a project, and generally before the construction drawings and specifications are available. At this stage, cost estimates are needed by the owner, contractor, designer, or funding agencies for determination of the feasibility of a project, financial evaluation of a ...

Keywords: Conceptual Cost Estimation, Fuzzy Clustering, Pump Stations Projects

Structure-From-Motion for Earthwork Planning

Khaled Nassar, Ebrahim A.Aly, Younghan Jung
Pages 310-316

The reconstruction of surfaces from unorganized point clouds can be of great use in construction applications. Point clouds are mostly created by 3D scanners. Another technique for generating point clouds is the structure-from-motion technique, where the point cloud is generated from a sequence of images. This paper utilizes a surface ...

Keywords: Structure-from-motion, Construction, Earthwork, Image Processing, 3D Surface Reconstruction

Video Annotation Framework for Accelerometer Placement in Worker Activity Recognition Studies

Liju Joshua; Koshy Varghese
Pages 317-322

Automated recognition of worker activities has the potential in aiding quick assessment of labour productivity on construction sites. A novel method called accelerometer based activity recognition has been investigated and preliminary results show that it has good potential for deployment in construction environment. The major decisive factor influencing the performance ...

Keywords: Activity Recognition, Video Annotation, Information Gain, Masonry, Classifier Performance, Body Segments, Accelerometer Placement

Research in Establishment of Quality Control and Risk Management Systems

Jacob Chen; Jieh-Haur Chen
Pages 323-328

If all data, records, checklists and photographs accumulated during quality checks and labor safety inspections at construction sites are not systematically arranged, stored and tracked. The status of improvements is not confirmed and tracked in a timely manner, not only will engineering quality and construction safety be influenced but work ...

Keywords: Quality Inspection, Quality Control (QC), Risk Management, Risk Control

Discussion on the Relaxation Camp Facility Management and the Establishment of the Information System

Yan-Chyuan Shiau, Lian-Ting Lu, Meng-Jia Yeh, Shu-Jen Song, Chin-Ting Wang
Pages 329-334

Information management became the tidal for most occupations. An effective management system to inte- grate related information for relaxation camp can provide effectiveness from different phases. This can enhance the farm value, feedback with ecology care, and significantly assist for long-term development. In “Medium-range Construction Plan for Important Sightseeing Scenic ...

Keywords: Relaxation Camp, Facility Management, Database, ER Model

Application Of GPS Fleet Tracking and Stochastic Simulation to a Lean Soil Excavation Practice

Sung Mo Ahn, Changwook Park, Julian Kang
Pages 335-336

The unpredictable traffic condition around the construction site and the operator’s uneven productivity often make it difficult to rapidly identify an optimum combination among various excavation and hauling units in a soil excavation process. Construction professionals often end up increasing the number of vehicles to manage unpredictable risk, which obviously ...

Keywords: Lean Construction, Kaizen, GPS, Simulation

Development of Soil Stiffness Evaluation Equipment “Alfa-System” Using Acceleration Response of Vibratory Roller

Hiroshi Furuya; Tetsuo Fujiyama
Pages 337-342

Recent years, new construction systems as AMG (automatic Machine Guidance) and AMC (Automatic Machine Control) have been developed with the Global Positioning System (GPS) and made fit for practical use. Added to this, an indirect measuring theory to control the compaction extent and elasticity, which uses the acceleration data of ...

Keywords: Construction Machinery, Construction Method, Compaction, QC/QA, Real-time Measurement, Intelligent Compaction

Automatic Creation of Semantically Rich 3D Building Models from Laser Scanner Data

Antonio Adan, Xuehan Xiong, Burcu Akinci, Daniel Huber
Pages 343-348

Laser scanners are increasingly used to create semantically rich 3D models of buildings for civil engineering applications such as planning renovations, space usage planning, and building maintenance. Currently these models are created manually – a time-consuming and error-prone process. This paper presents a method to automatically convert the raw 3D ...

Keywords: Interior Modeling, 3D Modeling, Scan to BIM, Lidar, Object Recognition, Wall Analysis, Opening Detection

Bad Apple Theory of Human Error and Building Information Modelling: A Systemic Model for BIM Implementation

Peter E.D. Love, David J. Edwards, Sangwon Han
Pages 349-354

Building information modeling (BIM) is significantly influencing the way in which building and engineering projects are being planned, designed, constructed and maintained. It has been widely advocated that BIM will significantly reduce design and construction errors as well improve project cost and schedule. There is a lack of empirical research ...

Keywords: BIM, Error, Learning, Technology, Software Vendor

Representation Requirements of As-Is Building Information Models Generated from Laser Scanned Point Cloud Data

Engin Burak Anil, Burcu Akinci, Daniel Huber
Pages 355-360

Obtaining and utilizing as-is information with 3D imaging technologies, such as laser scanners, during various phases of facility life-cycle is becoming common practice. Both during construction and facility operations information derived from laser scanner data can serve many purposes by providing accurate information about the conditions of the facilities at ...

Keywords: As-is BIM, As-built BIM, As-designed BIM, Laser Scanner, Point Cloud

Cobie-Based Lightweight Representation of a Building Navigation Network

Saurabh Taneja, Asli Akcamete, Burcu Akinci, James H. Garrett, Lucio Soibelman, E. William East
Pages 361-366

A navigation network is required for analysis in several activities during various phases of a building lifecycle, such as building accessibility analysis [22], building egress code compliance ([15], [11]), wayfinding [10], indoor positioning [18] and navigation guidance [18]. Various models for representing navigation networks have been proposed in literature [1], ...

Keywords: Geometric Topology Network, Navigation guidance, COBie, BIM

Use BIM to Construct Electronic Resume System for Building Project

Yan-Chyuan Shiau, Ming-Teh Wang, Chi-Huan Lin, Zhe-Yu Guo
Pages 367-372

The main function of Building Information Modeling is to establish the common internal project-related in- formation for each stage for the whole life cycle of the building. User can fetch and store related information in this inte- grated platform. The data input by former user can be fetched by other ...

Keywords: Database, ER Model, Construction Resume, RFID, BIM

A Study on the Optimization Method for Panel Layout Problem in Drywall

Kosei Ishida; Naruo Kano
Pages 373-374

This study is aimed at developing methods to optimize the material yield of drywall panels. In this paper, the authors describe the drywall panel layout optimization method which consists of the following three steps: first, to generate possible alternative patterns of drywall panel layout in a wall; second, for each ...

Keywords: Drywall, Optimization Problem, Yield Loss, Plaster Board, Cutting Stock Problem

Enhancement of Spatial and Physical Elements for IFC-Based Bridge Data Model

Bong-Geun Kim; Sang-Ho Lee
Pages 375-376

This study provides an enhanced data model which can represents bridge components in a 3-D model hierarchically. The bridge components were identified through careful investigation of standardized classification systems of construction information, official dictionaries, and technical documents. The identified components were classified into spatial, physical and part elements and defined ...

Keywords: Bridge Component, Data Model, Standard, Industry Foundation Classes

Data Storage and Data Mining of Building Monitoring Data with Contexts

Nobuyoshi Yabuki, Yoshihiro Yoshida, Shota Tsukamoto, Tomohiro Fukuda
Pages 377-378

In order to improve the energy efficiency of buildings, many sensors have been being installed in buildings for monitoring temperature, humidity, electricity consumption, etc. In the Building Energy Management Systems (BEMS), it seems that visualization of the monitoring data is the main objective and that managers still have to find ...

Keywords: Data Mining, Knowledge Discovery, Context, Monitoring Data, Building, Sensor, Energy Efficient Building

Initializing Vision Based Trackers Using Semantic Texton Forests

Man-Woo Park, Gauri M. Jog, Ioannis Brilakis
Pages 379-384

Vision based tracking can provide the spatial location of project related entities such as equipment, workers, and materials in a large-scale congested construction site. It tracks entities in a video stream by inferring their motion. To initiate the process, it is required to determine the pixel areas of the entities ...

Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Automatic identification, Image processing, Tracking, Information technology

Green Score: Developing a Measurement Model for Sustainable Pedestrian-Friendly Environment Based on Space Syntax

Yongjin Joo, Young Il KIM, Tae-Ho Kim
Pages 385-390

Pedestrian-oriented transportation has recently emerged as an important issue to supplement transportation modes as a method to reduce traffic accidents and environmental pollution. Compared to the increasing attention, practical studies considering the transportation environment in Korea are very limited. As a first step for studying the service level of pedestrian ...

Keywords: Walking Environmental Score, Space Syntax, AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process), Web GIS Service

Radio Frequency Technology Incorporated Approaches to Equipment Collisions on Jobsites

Seokyon Hwang; Liang Y. Liu
Pages 391-396

This paper discusses a framework for preventing equipment collisions. The framework is built upon the understanding of the patterns of equipment moves and strategies for real-time assessment of potential collisions that are results of a study conducted as part of this research initiative. It consists of three components—real-time data collection platform, ...

Keywords: Equipment Safety, Collision, Tower Cranes, Automated Real-Time Monitoring, Ultra Wideband

Three-Level RFID System for Architectural Concrete Panels Tracking

J.J. de Dios, M. Poyatos, R. Zangroniz, J.M. Pastor
Pages 397-402

Tracking of goods in production and distribution lines is required by manufacturers, retailers, and customers, as well. Companies usually control the quality of their production in the manufacturing phase, but products can also be controlled along the distribution and transportation steps, before they are delivered to customers. The main objective ...

Keywords: Concrete, Panels, RFID, Active Tags, Sensor, WSN, GPRS, ZigBee

Application of USAN Technology for Monitoring Temporary Construction

Sungwoo Moon; Byungsoo Yang
Pages 403-404

Temporary structure is prone to construction accident due to the dynamics in construction. Any unexpected adversary effect can cause construction failure in temporary structures. Therefore, the structure should be continuously monitored to understand its behavior during construction. The objective of this study is to test the feasibility of the ubiquitous ...

Keywords: Temporary Structure, Monitoring, USN, Structural Behavior

Development and Operation of JACIC/LCDM Registry

Minoru Akiyama, Tadaaki Fujishiro, Hajime Horiuchi, Takeya Isobe
Pages 405-410

The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism of Japan has led the CALS/EC initiative to introduce ICT in public works since 1996. In line with the CALS/EC initiative, documents, plans and data associated with public works are to be delivered in digital form which is called as 'e-delivery'. Therefore ...

Keywords: Metadata Registry, Data Specification, Infrastructure Information, Standardization

The Development of Construction Interface Information Management System

Fu-Cih Siao; Yu-Cheng Lin
Pages 411-416

Interface management plays an important role in construction management due to construction projects tend to be complex. A lot of organizations are joined and implement their own responsible activities. Furthermore, interface- related information is usually distributed in individual participants and not shared with others, and the information about interface problems ...

Keywords: Interface Management, Construction Management, Web Application, Management Information System

Theoretical Issues in Advancing Infrastructure Asset Management Programs

"David" Hyung Seok Jeong, Syadarudin Syachrani, Colin S. Chung
Pages 417-418

Asset management has been truly a buzz word in recent years for infrastructure management professionals as a promising framework to achieve the optimal use of financial resources and to find smart and carefully crafted decision making processes on maintenance, rehabilitation and replacement activities. This paper addresses major theoretical issues that ...

Keywords: Infrastructure Management, Asset Management, Deterioration Model, Clustering Approach

A Conceptual Framework for Total Constraint Management in Construction

Ted Blackmon, Rehul Saxena, Lingguang Song
Pages 419-424

Complex construction projects are subject to numerous constraints that limit the commencement or progression of field operations. Effective management of these constraints is a key element in the look-ahead planning process to ensure a constraint-free work plan, and thus efficient field operations. While past studiesprimarily deal with a limited set ...

Keywords: Constraints, Workface Planning, Total ConstraintManagement, Classification, Tracking

Ethical Consideration of Construction Union Strategies in Jurisdictional Disputes Based on an Agent-Based Modeling (ABM) and a Game Theory

Borinara Park
Pages 424-429

Union-related conflicts, building trade unions jurisdictional disputes in particular, have a long history in the US construction industry since the establishment of the unions. Jurisdictional boundaries constantly change and craft jurisdictional privileges are occasionally encroached. The outcomes of these conflicts and confrontations are pricy because they affect local and regional ...

Keywords: Union Disputes, Ethics, Prisoner’s Dilemma, Game Theory, Agent Based Modeling (ABM)

Sustainable Business Process Management Model for Construction Companies

Song Young Woong, Choi Yoon Ki
Pages 430-435

Construction companies require a management system to increase efficiency and profit due to the competitive and globalized business environment. Changing business environment also requires prompt and flexible responses such as establishing management strategies, increasing value of intangible assets, and measuring and collecting real-time data. Specific approaches are also called for ...

Keywords: BPM (Business Process Management), IT (Information Technology), PI (Process Innovation)

Proposal to Support the Maintenance of More than 20-Year-Old Buildings

Takahiro Kimura, Hiroatu Fukuda, Yupeng Wang
Pages 436-441

As to the current situation for the future problems about high-rise and medium-high-rise building in Kitakyusyu City, the regular inspections according to the Building Standards Law are well being done. However, the documents of the data are still stored in paper, and can’t easily be accessed. The governmental system of the storage ...

Keywords: Aim of Study, Methods of Research, Analysis, Evaluation, Conclusion and Suggestion for the Future Problems

A Study on Data Interaction among Different Levels of Detail in Planning Phases for Mega Projects

Hyeon-Jeong Choi, Min-Ji Kwon, Ju-Hyung Kim, Jae-Jun Kim
Pages 442-448

Urban renewals in an area or district consist of multiple facilities construction projects, and thus, should be managed as a program. Successful program management is enabled by seamless information of subprojects during its whole lifecycle. In the aspect of data management, program is differentiated with project by its own management ...

Keywords: Web-based Planning, Multi-project Data Management, Data Interaction, Program Management, Planning Phase, Product Model, LOD (Level of Detail)

A Study on Classification of Facility Elements for Supporting Project Definition of Urban Renewal Mega Project Using Morphological Box Method

Hye Mi Choi, Kyoung Hwan Kang, Ju Hyung Kim, Jae Jun Kim
Pages 449-454

Urban renewal mega projects consisting of a number of individual projects should be approached from the program level. BIM (Building Information Modeling) can feed information from product models of individual facilities to program management. In order to this end, the projects that are parts of a program have broken down ...

Keywords: Program Management, Morphological Box Method, Classification of Facility, Spatial Hierarchy, Urban Renewal

Construction IETM (Interactive Electronic Technical Manual) for Urban Regeneration

Jung Seok Kim, Moonseok Park, Hyun-Soo Lee, Jung-Ho Yu
Pages 455-460

Urban Regeneration, a program of land redevelopment in areas of moderate to high density urban land use, has complex procedure and consists of large sub-projects. This make a difficulty in understanding the overall work procedure and acquiring various information which are required to perform work. Especially, information and professional knowledge ...

Keywords: Information Management, Construction IETM, Collectice Intelligence, Web 2.0

Development of a Web-Based CBS Organization System for Mega-Projects

Chang Teak Hyun, Run Zhi Jin, Myung Jin Son, Beom Suk Park, You Sang Yoon
Pages 461-466

The construction business is gradually progressing towards the implementation of large-scale mega-projects for the creation of a synergy effect within limited grounds. However, various problems are manifesting, such as increased project costs, delays in the construction duration, and conflicts between stockholders. Thus, this study aimed to develop a web-based CBS ...

Keywords: Web-based, Cost Breakdown Structure (CBS), Mega-projects, Cost Prediction and Management

An Economic Evaluation System for Building Construction Projects in the Conceputal Phase

Hyung-Jin Kim; Yong-Chil Seo
Pages 467-472

The conceptual phase of capital projects is of strategic importance - an economic evaluation at this early stage is critical to the owners’ decision-making with limited information. The current study developed a comprehensive but practical system that can be used in such an early phase for economic evaluation of capital ...

Keywords: Economic Evaluation, Capital Projects, Conceptual Phase, Automation, Historical Database

Data Mining-Based Predictive Model to Determine Project Financial Success Using Project Definition Parameters

Seungtaek Lee, Changmin Kim, Yoora Park, Hyojoo Son, Changwan Kim
Pages 473-478

The planning stage is important for project development because the majority of important decisions are made at this stage. Having a well-defined project plan will reduce project uncertainty and increase the likelihood of the project’s success. In other words, based on the level of project definition in the planning stage, ...

Keywords: Cost Performance, Data Mining, Performance Prediction, Project Definition Rating Index, Project Planning, Support Vector Machine

Plane-Based Coarse Registration of 3D Point Clouds with 4D Models

Frederic Bosche
Pages 479-484

The accurate registration of 3D point clouds with project 3D/4D models is becoming more and more important with the development of BIM and 3D laser scanning, for which the registration in a common coordinate system is critical to project control. While robust solutions for scan-model fine registration already exist, they ...

Keywords: Coarse Registration, Laser Scan, Point Cloud, 3D, 4D, CAD Model

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Integrated with Building Information Model (BIM) for Open-Building Life Cycle Information Management

Min-Yuan Cheng; Nai-Wen Chang
Pages 485-490

This research developed an integrated “radio frequency identification with building information model” (RFID-BIM) to manage life cycle information related to open-building projects. The modularized components of open- building, including structural support systems and infill systems (e.g., partitions, facilities and pipes), which permits repetitive assembly and disassembly. Contractors prefabricate standard modular ...

Keywords: Open-building, Life Cycle, BIM, RFID, 4D

Automated Surface Profiling of Drywall Surface for Sanding

Dony Cherian Alex, Saeed Behzadipour, Mohamed Al-Hussein
Pages 491-496

The growing interest in the industrialization of construction process; promotes opportunities for automation. Automation brings improvement in quality and productivity, while reducing worker’s exposure to hazardous work environments. The integration of robotics in interior finishing works, such as sanding and painting of drywalls is a relatively new concept. Progressing to ...

Keywords: Smoothness Evaluation, Shadow, Light Sectioning, Sanding, Drywall Surface Evaluation

High-Dimensional Space Search System for Multi-Tower Crane Motion Planning

Minsu Kang, Hyounseok Moon, Leenseok Kang
Pages 497-502

The purpose of multi-tower crane motion planning is to find a collision-free construction process for multiple tower cranes operating in a construction site. This problem can be reduced to the path searching problem in high- dimensional space and an important amount of research related to the path search algorithm has ...

Keywords: Multi-Tower Crane, Multi-Robot Path Planning, Rapidly-exploring Random Trees

An Optimatl Algorithm of The Multi-Lifting Operation for Super-Tall Building

Chang-Yeon Cho,Yoonseok Shin, Moon-Young Cho, Seo-Kyung Won
Pages 503-507

The operation and management plan for a lift, an important factor determining work productivity on a high- rise building construction site, has long been considered to be less significant than those for a tower crane, which has resulted in a lack of studies of systematic operation planning for lift. Due ...

Keywords: Optimal Algorithm, Multi-Lift Operating, Super Tall Building Construction, Construction Lift

ICT-Based Work Management to Support Unmanned Construction for Post-Disaster Restoration

Shigeomi Nishigaki, Kazutoshi Saibara, Shigeo Kitahara, Hajime Iwasaki, Kazuhiro Yamada, Hideaki Satoh
Pages 508-513

This paper describes the ICT-based work management to enhance collaborative works and interactive communication, and to grasp significant information in order to support unmanned construction for post-disaster restoration. Firstly, this paper reports the unmanned constructions that have been and are being done in the Unzen restoration project. Secondly, are presented ...

Keywords: Post-disaster Restoration, Multilayer Sediment Control Dam, Unmanned Construction, ICT-based Work Management, Points on Construction

Using Genetic Algorithms to Estimate the Scour Depth around the Bridge Pier

Chung-Wei Feng, Shen-Haw Ju, Hsun-Yi Huang, Pao-Sheng Chang
Pages 514-519

Scouring around bridge piers is the important safety issue of bridge management since it could lead to bridge slanting and collapsing. Since the mechanism of water flow around the pier structure is so complicated, which makes it is very difficult to develop a generic model to determine the scour depth. ...

Keywords: Genetic Algorithm, Scouring around Bridge Piers, Natural Frequency

Driving Bearing Evaluation System to Achieve Eco First Haulage Work

Katsutoshi Saibara; Shigeomi Nishigaki
Pages 520-525

This paper presents the drive bearing evaluation system to quantitatively describe and evaluate driving peculiarities and styles regarding dump truck drivers in a haulage work. The drive bearing represents appearance and motion in driving. It would provide site-manager and resident engineers with quantitatively suitable indices to guide or instruct drivers under their ...

Keywords: Driving Bearing, Eco First Haulage Work, Drive Bearing Evaluation Cards

Analyzing the Computer-Aided Maintenance Data of a Commercial Building Complex

Joseph H.K. Lai; Francis W.H. Yik
Pages 526-531

Commercial buildings in metropolises are increasing in number or in sophistication or both. The facilities therein, including building works and services installations, entail effective maintenance to ensure satisfactory performance. Owing to uncommon use of fully-automated maintenance systems and concerns with disclosure of maintenance data, there are so far very limited research ...

Keywords: Commercial building, Computer-aided Wystem, Facility Management, Maintenance, Performance Evaluation

Research on Visual Point of Operator in Remote Control of Construction Machinery

Masaharu Moteki, Kenichi Fujino, Takashi Ohtsuki, Tsuyoshi Hashimoto
Pages 532-537

In present the unmanned construction system technology is adapted on initial operation against of the disaster occasion. For instance it has been used in Unzen. It depends on the scale and site situation of disaster which system should be applied to. A lot of remote control technology of operating construction ...

Keywords: Remote Control Technology, IT Construction System, Application Disaster, Construction Machinery, Hydraulic Excavator, Spatial Perceptio

Comparison of Two Water Storage Functions of Soil on Pore-Water Pressure of Earth-Filled Dam under Changing Environment

Meen-Wah Gui, Chia-Hsian Wu, Chih-Wei Lu
Pages 538-543

Seepage of water through earth fill dam involves both the saturated and unsaturated flows of water. Unsatu- rated flow of water is often neglected because of the complexity required in solving the non-linear partial differential equa- tion involved. This paper presents a seepage analysis of water flows through the partially ...

Keywords: Earth-fill Dam, Seepage, Unsaturated Soil, Water Storage Function, PDE

BIM-Based Energy Mornitoring with XML Parsing Engine

Jeong-Han Woo, Carol Diggelman, Bass Abushakra
Pages 544-545

Due to the urgent need for a response to energy security, aging commercial buildings are required to conform to increasingly stringent environmental standards, particularly with regard to energy and water consumption. Solutions to reach the energy-related goals seem to exist. However, it is often difficult to gain synergistic benefits from ...

Keywords: BIM, Energy Efficiency, Baseline Building Model, XML Parser, Sensor Network

Detection, Modeling and Classification of Moldings for Automated Reverse Engineering of Buildings from 3D Data

Enrique Valero, Antonio Adan, Daniel Huber, Carlos Cerrada
Pages 546-551

Laser scanner data is increasingly being used for the detailed reverse engineering of buildings. This process is currently primarily manual, but recent research has shown that basic structures, such as walls, ceilings, floors, doorways, and windows, can be detected and modeled automatically. Building on this previous research, we focus on ...

Keywords: BIM, Moldings, Laser Scanner Data, Segmentation, Modeling

An Approach to Extracting Facade Features Using the Intensity Value of Terrestrial Laser Scanner with Mathematical Morphology

Alex Soria-Medina, Joaquin Martinez, Alzir Felippe Buffara-Antunes, Pedro Arias, Higinio Gonzalez-Jorge
Pages 552-557

Nowadays, Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) is a crucial device in order to acquire geographical data easily. In recent years, advances in accuracy and velocity have enhanced 3D models, but these stand-alone data do not provide the feature extraction. High density point clouds can be obtained with terrestrial laser scanner and ...

Keywords: Terrestrial Laser Scanner, Features Extraction, Mathematical Morphology, Intensity Value

Lessons Learned in Building Information Modeling Applications

Jie Gong; H. Felix Lee
Pages 558-559

Keywords: Building Information Modeling, 4D Simulation, Model-based Estimating, Clash Detection

Simulation for Steel Bridge Erection by Using BIM Tools

Chui-Te Chiu, Tseng-Hsing Hsu, Ming-Teh Wang, Hsien-Yen Chiu
Pages 560-563

Steel bridge erection requires a series of processes in the construction site including shipping, sequentially lifting, and installing bridge components that are fabricated in the factory. Each process is critical and the risks are high due to the fact that conditions in the field are far more complex than in ...

Keywords: Building Information Modeling, Steel Bridge Erection, Virtual Design and Construction

Estimating with BIM: A Survey of US Construction Companies

Anoop Sattineni; R. Harrison Bradford II
Pages 564-569

The use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in the construction industry is on the rise. It is widely acknowledged that adoption of BIM would cause a seismic shift in the business processes within the construction industry and related fields. Cost estimation is a key aspect in the workflow of a ...

Keywords: BIM, Estimating, Survey, US Construction Companies

Case Study: Development of BIM U-Education System with Open BIM Library

Jin Woo Jeon; Shin Jo Eom
Pages 570-571

Recent changes within the digital business environment have shifted construction industry toward a more adoption of new technologies as BIM(Building Information Modeling). However, adoption of BIM concept or 3D drawing means a lot of time and labors are needed to develop the 3D model of structure, also all participants in ...

Keywords: BIM, Education, Training, Ubiquitous, U-learning System, BIM Library

Wireless/Mobile Sensors for Monitoring Worker’s Health and Safety in Construction

Boong Yeol Ryoo; Hyun Chul Chung
Pages 572-573

Due to the nature of construction projects, construction workers are constantly exposed to severe weather conditions which affect individual performance while performing duties. In addition, they are exposed to potential work hazards such as vibration, noise, fumes/odors, dust, mists, heavy lifting, working around power tools, or climbing of ladders. This ...

Keywords: Health Surveillance, Safety Monitoring, Wireless/Mobile Sensors, Physiological Monitoring

Development of Position Measurement System for Construction Pile Using Laser Range Finder

Fumihiro Inoue, Takeshi Sasaki, Xiangqi Huang, Hideki Hashimoto
Pages 574-580

This paper describes the development of an accurate long-distance position measurement system for construction pile using Laser Range Finders (LRF). The pile positioning and driving is the first work that is one of the important works to request the attentions in the building construction. In general, though the position of ...

Keywords: Laser Range Finder, Construction Pile, Position Measurement, Survey System, Estimation Method

Sensor Networks for Acoustic Source Localization Using Acoustic Fingerprint in Urban Environments and Construction Sites

Chantri Polprasert, Pornanong Pongpaibool, Pratana Kukieattikuool, Chalee Vorakulpipat, Siwaruk Siwamogsatham
Pages 581-586

We investigate the feasibility and performance of the acoustic localization system using the acoustic fingerprint for asynchronous wireless sensor network (WSN) in urban environments and construction sites. The location estimation is calculated by comparing the acoustic fingerprint obtained from multiple sensors with those pre-computed in the database. To calculate the ...

Keywords: Surveillance, Monitoring, Acoustic source localization, Wireless sensor network, Fingerprinting

RFID-Based Occupancy Detection Solution for Optimizing HVAC Energy Consumption

Shuai Li, Nan Li, Burcin Becerik-Gerber, Gulben Calis
Pages 587-592

Current building climate control systems often rely on predetermined maximum occupancy numbers coupled with temperature sensor data to regulate heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC). However, rooms and zones in a building are not always fully occupied. Real-time occupancy information can potentially be used to reduce energy consumption. The paper ...

Keywords: Occupancy Detection, RFID, Building Energy Consumption, Optimization, HVAC

Development of Laser Scanning System for Aging Inspection of Box Culvert

Sang Kyun Woo, Jong Sung Kim, Jun Hyung Jo, Young Chul Song
Pages 593-594

The construction of box culvert for electric power transmission is increasing more and more, and the life extension of it is very important. The development of structural maintenance system in view of structural integrity evaluation is needed and widely discussed. Therefore, Laser Scanning System is developed for the inspection of ...

Keywords: Laser Scanning System, Aging Inspection, Concrete, Box Culvert, Structural Integrity

Concrete Strength Evaluation Technique Using Piezoelectric Guided-Wave Propagations

Dong Jin Kim, Changgil Lee, Seok Inn Hong, Seunghee Park
Pages 595-596

Recently, novel methods using piezoelectric materials to monitor the strength development of concrete during curing process have been reported. However, these methods showed some limitations to obtain an absolute concrete strength in real-world. In order to estimate the absolute strength of the concrete, the concrete strength monitoring method using guided- ...

Keywords: Concrete Strength Estimation, Guided-Wave Propagation, Embedded Piezoelectric Sensor, Linear Regression

Project Management Information Systems for Construction Managers (CM): Current Constituents and Future Extensions

Youngsoo Jung, Heea Kim, Mihee Joo
Pages 597-602

This paper explores future requirements of project management information systems (PMIS) for professional construction management (CM) firms. Current constituents and effectiveness of CM-PMIS were analyzed first by surveying ten CM firms in South Korea. The composition of PMIS was quantitatively investigated by two dimensions; system configuration (e.g. in-house developed, ERP/ASP, ...

Keywords: Construction Manager, PMIS, ERP, Information Systems, System Configuration

A Development of Integrated Evaluation Criteria for Quality of Service on Pedestrian Networks by Using Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis

Tae-Ho Kim, Jun-tae Park, Jong-hyun Lim, Yongjin Joo
Pages 603-608

This paper proposes more accurate methods for estimating the quality of service (QOS) in the pedestrian movement space by developing composite indicators that integrate both quantitative and qualitative factors affecting pedestrian satisfaction, rather than simply relying on quantitative measures like pedestrian flow rate and pedestrian delay, which has been a ...

Keywords: Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, Pedestrian, Quality of Service, Analytic Network Process (ANP), Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)

Exploring Risks for Urban Renewal Projects

Yao-Chen Kuo; Nian-Cheng Ji
Pages 609-614

Urban renewal requirements have been important issues for local governments in Taiwan and therefore many urban renewal projects were initiated in the past few years and such demands will be increased in the future. According to past performance of urban renewal projects, projects suffered tons of problems, such as project ...

Keywords: Risk Management, Urban Renewal, Project Management, Consistent Fuzzy Preference

Simulation Model to Predict Project Time and Cost Performance of Incentive/Disincentive Construction Projects

Jae-Ho Pyeon, Kunhee Choi, Moonseo Park, Sooyoung Kim
Pages 615-616

In highway construction, Incentive/Disincentive (I/D) contracting provisions have been widely used to motivate the contractor for early completion of roadway construction in the United States. Although I/D provisions are one of the owner’s useful management tools, there is no systematic decision support system for the selection of I/D projects. This ...

Keywords: Incentive/Disincentive, Alternative Contracting, Decision Support Systems, Project Performance, Highway Construction

Scaffolding Industry Knowledge on Errors in Construction Estimates

Oluwole Allfred Olatunji
Pages 617-622

The construction industry has had considerable criticisms on inefficiencies in the quality and outcomes of professional services in project delivery. These criticisms have spanned design, estimating, procurement and construction, whilst a range of manifestations of inefficiencies have been reported in forms of errors, conflicts, omissions, mistakes and descriptive ambiguities. Although, ...

Keywords: Construction Costs, Estimating Practice, Errors, Project Delivery, Professionalism

Development of 3D Information Models for the Maintenance of Subway Infrastructures

Chang Su Shim; Seong Wook Kim
Pages 623-624

Maintenance of subway tunnels and stations is one of the most difficult areas because of limited allowed inspection time and complex environment surrounding the infrastructures. Congested urban buildings and underground facilities make the construction and renovation of subway infrastructures more troublesome. In this paper, 3D information models including geometry models ...

Keywords: Maintenance, Subway, 3D Information Model, Inspection, Assessment

Experimental Framework for Evaluating Cognitive Workload of Using AR System in General Assembly Task

Lei Hou; Xiangyu Wang
Pages 625-630

Assembly task is an activity of collecting parts/components and bringing them together through assembly operations to perform one or more of several primary functions. As an emerging and powerful technology, Augmented Reality (AR) integrates images of virtual objects into a real world. Due to its self-characteristic features, AR is envisaged ...

Keywords: Augmented Reality, Cognitive Workload, Experimental Framework

Reflections on Using a Game Engine to Develop a Virtual Training System for Construction Excavator Operators

Xiangyu Wang, Phillip S. Dunston, Robert Proctor, Lei Hou, Joey Chung Yin So
Pages 631-636

Virtual Reality (VR) technology can facilitate training in construction equipment operations, as the cost for virtual training is lower and the practical hazard is eliminated. This paper presents a virtual training system (VTS) for construction excavator operators based on a game engine tool. The focus of this paper is not ...

Keywords: Simulator, Skill Acquisition and Transfer, Virtual Training System

A Generation Step for Force Reflecting Control of a Pneumatic Excavator Based on Augmented Reality Environment

Nguyen Thanh Trung, Dinh Quang Truong, Kyoung Kwan Ahn
Pages 637-642

Nowadays, excavators play an important role in construction machinery. Among them, pneumatic excavators are suitable selections for some specific applications, because of their advantages. As a new trend, automation of excavation helps improving productivity, safety, and reducing of operation costs, consequently, making construction works become feasible even in hostile environment. ...

Keywords: Excavator, Pneumatic Actuator, Modeling, Augmented Reality, Force Reflecting

A Smart Crane Operations Assistance System Using Augmented Reality Technology

Yi-Chen Chen, Hung-Lin Chi, Shih-Chung Kangm, Shang-Hsien Hsieh
Pages 643-649

With the increasing complexity of modern construction projects, maintaining operational safety while increasing the erection speeds of cranes has become an important issue. There are four major problems in current crane operations: (1) dynamically changing working environments, (2) limited viewsfor operators, (3) unclear communication between operators and other crew, and ...

Keywords: Augmented Reality, Path Planning, Crane Operation, User Interface

Remote Construction Worker Location, Activity and Safety Monitoring

Giovanni Migliaccio, Umberto Gatti, Jochen Teizer
Pages 650-651

Data fusion can be defined as a process for integrating information from multiple and heterogeneous sources to obtain a composite and augmented inference about the state of an entity. Data fusion has been successfully applied in several fields. Its usefulness is becoming evident for the enhancement of automated and remote ...

Keywords: Data Fusion, Automated Data Collection and Analysis, Ultra-Wide Band, Physiological Status Monitors

Vertical Shipyard: Technology Transfer for Automated Con- and Deconstruction

Thomas Bock, Thomas Linner, Nora Eibisch
Pages 652-658

In this paper, we show that automated con -and deconstruction systems often are complex combinations of horizontal and vertical process, assembly and logistics sequences. The combinations of those horizontal and vertical sequences are exactly what characterize today’s ship production. Shipyard technology is highly advanced and individual, customized ships are built ...

Keywords: Automated Construction, Shipyard Technology, Construction Management, Automation Technology

Strategy for the Development of Assistive Environments Based on Geriatric Assessment

Thomas Linner, Nora Eibisch, Thomas Bock
Pages 659-664

In this paper we present a systematic method for the development of assistive environments based on geriatric assessment. The method is based on the assumption, that geriatric assessment can be used to describe scenarios and peoples individual skills and disabilities. To counterbalance disabilities and disorders and to bring people back ...

Keywords: Demografic Change, Geriatric Assessment, Service Robotics

Development of a Viable Concrete Printing Process

Sungwoo Lim, Richard Buswell, Thanh Le, Rene Wackrow, Simon Austin, Alistair Gibb, Tony Thorpe
Pages 665-670

A novel Concrete Printing process has been developed, inspired and informed by advances in 3D printing, which has the potential to produce highly customised building components. Whilst still in their infancy, these technologies could create a new era of architecture that is better adapted to the environment and integrated with ...

Keywords: Concrete Printing, Construction Automation, Digital Fabrication, Additive Manufacturing

Development of Robotic-Crane Based Automatic Construction System for Steel Structures of High-Rise Buildings

Tae-Koo Kang, Changjoo Nam, Ung-Kyun Lee, Nakju Lett Doh, Gwi-Tae Park
Pages 670-671

In this paper, we address a new technique for automatic construction of steel structure in high-rise buildings termed RCA system (Robotics & Crane based Automated Construction System). RCA system can be divided into four core systems: 1) Monitoring and control system, 2) Material assembly system, 3) Beam assembly system, 4) ...

Keywords: RCA system, Construction Automation, Bolting Robot System, Construction Factory

A Graph-Based Approach to the Modeling of Changes in Construction Projects

Shabtai Isaac; Ronie Navon
Pages 672-677

The implementation of changes in construction projects often causes deviations from the objectives of the project client. One of the causes of this problem is that the tools currently used in projects do not support the identification of the consequences of a change before it is implemented in the project. ...

Keywords: Change Control, Project Modeling, Project Management, Decision Making

The Development of Microwave Assisted Machineries to Break Hard Rocks

Ferri Hassani; Pejman Nekoovaght
Pages 678-684

Novel rock breakage techniques are becoming more viable. According to a major research report on explosive free rock breakage (EFRB) completed by the authors and others, the use of microwave energy was highlighted as a high potential technique in assisting the breaking of hard rocks. Microwave energy, as a thermal ...

Keywords: Hard Rock, Rock Breakage, Microwave, Rock Breakage Machine, Tunnel Boring Machine

Cognition System of Bolt Hole Using Template Matching

Gwan Ryong Baek, Yung Hak Mo, Jae Sik Jeong, Jung Min Park, Myo Taeg Lim
Pages 685-688

In the construction field, the bolting robot provides convenience and reduces a process time of assembling steel frames. When assembling steel frames, the bolting robot finds a bolt hole with the help of camera. If the light conditions are either too bright or too dark, however, it is hard to ...

Keywords: Construction Automation, Robot, Bolt Hole Detection, Image Processing, Template Matching

The Use of Earned Value in Forcasting Project Durations

Osama Moselhi
Pages 689-693

This paper highlights the limitations of the current applications of EVM method in forecasting project durations and introduces a novel concept, embedded in an integrated method, in lieu of those currently in use. The proposed method is designed to improve the accuracy of forecasting, and can be used as an ...

Keywords: Earned Value, Forecasting, Project Duration, Critical Project Baseline

'Designing in' Complex System Interaction: Multi-Agent Based Systems for Early Design Decision Making

Geoffrey Kavulya, David J. Gerber, Burcin Becerik-Gerber
Pages 694-698

This paper presents a novel framework for the integration and development of multi-agent based computation techniques to bridge the cyber/physical divide to enhance early stage design decision-making. Through the development of feedback loops of simulated occupancy behavior with design process, the framework presents a new paradigm for the integration of ...

Keywords: Multi Agent Simulation, Design Decision Support, Design Computation, Design Optioneering, Parametric Design, Agents, Spatial Adjacencies, Multimodal Facilities, Autonomous

Crane Operator Visibility of Ground Operations

Tao Cheng; Jochen Teizer
Pages 699-705

Construction accidents that involve cranes often relate to struck-by incidents, when the crane or its load is in too close contact with personnel, objects, and/or other equipment. In these incidents, limited or poor visibility of resources in the surrounding work space is often the cause of the problem. The result ...

Keywords: Blind spot, Crane, Laser Scanning, Point Cloud, Equipment Operator, Planning, Design, Safety, Site Layout, Visibility

Simulation of Resurfacing Pavement Operation of Highways under Lane Closure Condition

Mohamed Marzouk, Marwa Fouad, Moheeb El-Said
Pages 706-710

Lane closures during paving operation on roads usually restrict the continuity of paving operations and traffic flow, causing delay in paving time and delay of traffic flow time. This paper studies the resurfacing operation of highways using computer simulation. It describes the different types of traffic control devices. It also ...

Keywords: Computer Simulation, Lane Closure, Resurfacing Operation, Highway Reconstruction Project

Virtual Reality and Estimating Practice: A Software Selection Model for Estimating

Oluwole Allfred Olatunji
Pages 711-716

Construction estimates are a product of rigorous data analysis involving sophisticated data from a diverse range of multi-disciplinary sources. These data, often voluminous, are of different quality and are set to achieve slightly different goals which are not necessarily identical to the goal of the estimator. They are also engineered ...

Keywords: Computer-aided Estimating, Estimating Practice, Integration, Iinteroperability ISO, Virtual Reality

Probabilistic Performance Reliabiilty-Cost Tradeoff for Maintenance Strategy

Jui-Sheng Chou; Thanh-Son Le
Pages 717-724

Maintenance strategies are typically implemented by optimizing only the cost whilst the reliability of facility performance is neglected. This study proposes a novel algorithm using multi-objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) technique to evaluate the cost-reliability tradeoff in a flexible maintenance strategy based on non-dominant solutions. Moreover, a probabilistic model for ...

Keywords: Cost Management, Maintenance Strategy, Performance Reliability, Monte-Carlo Simulation, Multi-objective Optimization, Particle Swarm Algorithm

3-D Road Sensor Network Analysis Based on Dem Images and Ubiconseye

Sang-Ho Yeon; Hak-doo Kim
Pages 725-727

UbiConsEye a "construction site automatic control system" as a more convenient and construction of the surrounding terrain and varied spatial object features and locations to investigate and measure the actual construction work on site is in progress the field situation, the desired time and field installation of terrain and facilities ...

Keywords: Spatial Image, DEM, 3D, Road Network Analysis, UbiConsEye, Ubiquitous, Sensor Network, GPS

Design Process Visualization System Intergrating BIM Data and Performance-Oriented Design Information

Sung-Ah Kim, Yoon Choe, Myeongho Jang, Wookje Seol
Pages 728-733

The essential role of design process visualization is to capture and represent design information as well as the change of design objects to keep track of reasons behind decision-making activities. The most prominent benefit of BIM, among its wide-spectrum potentials, would be that it made possible to consider simulated building ...

Keywords: Design Process Visualization, BIM Data, Design Versions, Building Performance Evaluation, Social Data

Digital Product Process for Construction Product Industry

Rauno Heikkila;, Jani Hovila, Jari M Ahola, Kalervo Nevala, Timo Schafer
Pages 734-739

A large research program of digital product process has been active (2008-2012) in Finland. The goal of the program has been to increase customer orientation and productivity in company networks that design and deliver products, systems and services to global markets. For small and medium sized companies the developing of ...

Keywords: Digital Product Process, BIM, PLM

Intelligent Generation of Bill of Quantity from IFC Data Subject to Chinese Standard

Ma Zhiliang, Wei Zhenhua, Zhang Xiude, Qiu Shixun, Wang Pengyi
Pages 740-745

In the current way for construction cost estimating by using application software in China, the generation of bill of quantity usually needs plenty of manual work, because the design results cannot be used directly. BIM (Building Information Modeling) technology has provided a potential approach to generating bill of quantity more ...

Keywords: Cost Estimating, Building Information Modeling, IFC Standard, Bill of Quantity, Chinese Standard

Integration of Performance Based Modeling Techniques with Building Design Method (Industry/Factory) Considering Energy Efficiency in Bangladesh

Md. Rabiul Alam; Sajal Chowdhury
Pages 746-751

Climate changing has been a debated issue during the last few years. Some institutes in different countries have worked on this subject. Several future climate predictions have been generated. Each future climate is based on some assumptions and consequently has some uncertainties. These uncertainties are dragged to the building simulation ...

Keywords: Sustainable Energy Efficient Design, Energy Consumption, Holistic Design Approach

Enhancing Maintenance Management Using Building Information Modeling in Facilities Management

Yu Chih Su, Yi Chien Lee, Yu Cheng Lin
Pages 752-757

Facilities management (FM) usually is difficult and complicated work. The facility staffs usually use paper or information system to record the facilities maintenance work. However, it is not easy for facility staffs to refer the traditional 2D CAD-based information illustration in the facility maintenance. Moreover, the information of same facilities ...

Keywords: Building Information Modeling, Facilities Maintenance Management, Information Technology

BIM-Based Government Procurement System- The Likely Development in Taiwan

Tsung-Shi Liu; Ting-Ya Hsieh
Pages 758-763

In Taiwan, government procurement still relies on the traditional “paper-based” approach. Much information is mis-carried and then mis-interpreted when procurement information is transferred from that of paper to digital form. This creates design negligence, conflicts, mis-calculations, and inconsistencies among drawings, specifications, etc, which often cause change orders and contract disputes. ...

Keywords: Government Procurement System, BIM-based Approached, Paper-based Approach, BIM models, 2D Drawings, Project Delivery Method, Project Life Cycle

The Role of IFC for Sustainable BIM Data Management

Jinhoon Lee, James Smith, Julian Kang
Pages 764-769

As the IFC (Industry Foundation Classes) was introduced to exchange data between different BIM (Building Information Modeling) applications, construction professionals speculated how effectively it would solve the interoperability issues between these applications. Although previous investigations have demonstrated some limitations of the IFC in terms of exchanging the geometry of the ...

Keywords: BIM, IFC, Sustainable Data

Task Planner for Autonomous Excavator Considering Work Environment

Jeonghwan Kim; Jongwon Seo
Pages 770-771

The earthwork is essential procedure for all construction projects. Because of its importance in terms of cost and time, it should be managed effectively. In light of this, an automated excavation system is being developed by a research consortium formed in Korea to improve productivity, quality, and safety of the ...

Keywords: Excavator, Task Planning, Automation

Development and Testing of Integrated Bridge Disaster Prevention and Management Platform

H. P. Tserng, S. H. Ju, K. C. Chang, C. W. Feng, C. T. Lin, J. Y. Han, K.W. Weng, N. H. Peng, H. C. Chung, P. S. Chang, P. C. Chen
Pages 772-776

In recent years, global warming leads rainfall intensity stronger than before. Therefore, bridge management requires a reliable monitoring platform in current, to monitoring of bridge piers based on the variations of safety and river erosion, can be timely warming of the bridge damage, achieving the maintenance of bridges safety in ...

Keywords: GPS, Wireless Sensor Network, Bridge monitoring, Scour, Management Information System (MIS)

Synthesis and Rapid Prototyping of Motion for A Four-Legged Mammal-Structured Robot

Maciej Trojnacki
Pages 777-782

This paper presents an innovative motion synthesis method for a quadruped robot, which involves a simultaneous transfer of two of the robot's legs, along with its body. Motion synthesis is carried out for straight-line and rotational motion. The solution to the inverse kinematics problem of the robot's legs is given, ...

Keywords: Motion Control, Kinematics, Animation and Simulation, Rapid Prototyping, Education Robotics

Research on Productivity Improvement and Quality Control System Development for Automatic Line Stripe Removal System Using Dry Ice Blaster

Eun Soo Park, Byung Chul Chang, Won Bae Lee, Tai Sik Lee
Pages 783-788

Recently, the construction industry beyond the traditional construction has increased automatic construction system because it is necessary to development for skilled labor shortage, productivity improvement, cost saving, quality improvement, safety concerns. However, current line stripe removing process both labor intensive and time consuming, employing a conventional grinding type manual machine. ...

Keywords: Line Stripe Removal System, Quality Control System, Automatic System, Productivity Improvement, Dry Ice Blaster

A Framework to Automatically Monitor the Position of Site Resources with Low-Accuracy Estimates

David Grau
Pages 789-794

Large productivity drawbacks have been historically related to the inefficient flow of site resources. Increments in accrued costs and time and safety incidents result from the flow or movement of resources across the job sites. Even though the importance of this problem, there is not data to characterize the unnecessary ...

Keywords: Materials, Labor, Tracking, Real-time, Automation, Monitoring, Productivity

Sensitivity Analysis of Semiautonomy Algorithm of Mobile Robot to Environmental Sensors' Failure - Simulation Research and Experimental Tests

Piotr Bigaj, Jakub Bartoszek, Maciej Trojnacki
Pages 795-800

This work is concerned on sensitivity analysis of semiautonomy algorithm of mobile robot to environmental sensors’ failures. The construction of the robot, semiautonomy algorithm and used sensors have been described. The algorithm bases on a reactive hybrid approach that merges data from different types of sensors and calculates resulting velocities. ...

Keywords: Mobile Robot, Semiautonomy Algorithm, Sensors' Failure, Simulation Research, Experimental Tests, Algorithm Sensitivity Analysis, Hybrid Reactive Approach

Fusion of Time-Of-Flight Camera and Stereo Camera Data for Enhanced 3D Work Environment Representation for Construction Equipment Automation

Hyojoo Son, Gyomin Lim, Changwan Kim
Pages 801-806

As the need to develop semiautomated and automated construction equipment increases in the construction industry, 3D work environment representation becomes increasingly important. Accurate, realistic, and rapid 3D representation of the work environment can be utilized for obstacle detection and collision avoidance by providing information about the state of the work ...

Keywords: 3D Work Environment Representation, Construction Eequipment, Flash LADAR, Semiautomated and Automated Equipment, Multi-sensor Data Fusion, Stereo Camera

An Approach to Automated Detection of Failure in Temporary Structures Supported by Concrete Shoring

Younghan Jung; Sangmook Lee
Pages 807-812

This paper suggests advanced video processing methods for monitoring temporary structures to detect possible structural failures. The causes of failures are mainly related to human error, but the imposed loads of structural failures can also be caused by complicated events such as accumulated stress, deflection, wind, vibration, and lateral forces. ...

Keywords: Video Imaging, Automated Detection, Temporary Structures, Shoring, Hidden Markov Model

A Lightweight Imaged Based Bridge Inspection System Using Fishing Pole, Fishing Line and Fisheye Camera

Yi Chu Chen, Shih Chung Kang, Chi En Yang
Pages 813-817

Visual inspection is currently the major approach to evaluate the structural condition of a bridge. Some researchers have done good work on applying special inspection vehicles and robot arms to increase the efficiency and reachability of inspection process. However, such heavy equipment is highly restricted in working space and is ...

Keywords: Bridge Inspection, Portable Device, Real-time Vision, Fisheye Camera

Automation of Thermographic 3D Modelling through Image Fusion and Image Matching Techniques

S. Laguela, J. Armesto, H. Gonzalez-Jorge, P. Arias, J. Herraez
Pages 818-823

Infrared thermography has proved to be an adequate technique for building inspection, as it can be used to determine energy efficiency through the measurement of heat losses, air leaks and infiltrations, and also to detect humidity areas. These parameters have great influence in energy consumption of buildings and in their ...

Keywords: Infrared Thermography, Pan-sharpening, Image Matching, Geometry, Building

Self-Monitoring and Self-Healing Bolted Joints Using Shape Memory Alloy

Hajoo Chang, Changgil Lee, Seunghee Park
Pages 824-825

This paper describes the smart structural system using smart materials for real-time monitoring and active control of bolted joints in steel structures. The goal of research is to reduce the likelihood of failure and the cost of maintenance of the structures. This concept combines impedance based health monitoring techniques with ...

Keywords: Bolted Joints, Electro-mechanical Impedance, Piezoelectric Material, Self-healing, Shape Memory Alloy, Structural Health Monitoring

Auto-Regressive Compensation Technique for a Reliable Non Invasive Structural Health Monitoring System

Berardo Naticchia, Massimo Vaccarini, Alessandro Carbonari, Pierpaolo Scorrano
Pages 826-831

Detecting the health status of buildings is critical to produce correct diagnoses that could prevent many pathologies, as well as driving maintenance interventions through timely and well targeted operations. The constant innovation in the development of low power wireless sensing devices provides an unparalleled chance to develop efficient monitoring system ...

Keywords: Structural health monitoring, real-time control, dynamic temperature compensation, autoregressive models

Analysis of an Arthropodal System for Design of a Climbing Robot

Austin Lozano, Gregory Peters, Dikai Liu
Pages 832-838

This paper will discuss research on ant locomotion, especially in climbing adaptability and transversing steel bridge configurations, for the design of a climbing robot for inspection and condition assessment of complex steel bridge structures. Experiments in ant locomotion were performed and captured using high-speed video equipment capable of recording at ...

Keywords: Climbing Robot, Steel Bridge Inspection, Arthropod, Arthropodal, Locomotion, Biomimicry

A System Diagnosis through the Recognition of the Mode of Dynamic Motions of a Shaft by the Indirect Measurement in Journal Bearing

Rai-Wung Park
Pages 839-844

This work presents a method to develop a system diagnosis regarding to shaft in journal bearing. The timely righteous estimation and judgment of the states is very important for the safe operation in time domain system. The synthesis of this problem presumes that all state variables are observable for concerned ...

Keywords: Diagnosis, Observer, Mode, Indirect Measurement, Journal, Bearing

Rethinking Automation in the Sustainable Building

Brian R Wood
Pages 845-850

Since the first ISARC conference in 1984 and the formation of IAARC in 1990 there has been much development of interest in and understanding of automation and robotics in construction. The ‘intelligent building’ [1] [2] and the ‘learning building’ [3] are conceptual examples. Yiu and Yau [4] have published a ...

Keywords: Automation, Control, Occupant behavior, Building performance, Sustainability, Users

High Tech / Low Tech: Tectonic Machines, Earth-Built Traditions, and Constructing The Exigent City

Marcus Shaffer
Pages 851-856

With continuous advancements in the performance and economics of mobile/remote technologies and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) systems comes an increase in the plausibility of semi-autonomous construction devices for deployment in response to large-scale humanitarian disasters. Robotic building-making machines capable of continuously and safely erecting replacement housing, urbanistic architecture required for resettlement ...

Keywords: Tectonic Machines, Displacement Environments, Earth-built Traditions, Exigent Cities

Dynamic Site Layout Planning Using MTPE Principle from Physics

Mohsen Andayesh; Farnaz Sadeghpour
Pages 857-862

Site layout planning is the task of determining optimum location for construction facilities on the site in order to increase productivity and safety of the project. Most of the existing studies assume all facilities are required for the entire duration of the project which is not a realistic scenario. More ...

Keywords: Dynamic Site Layout Planning, Construction Site Safety, Construction Site Management, Optimization

Robotic Environments

Henriette Bier
Pages 863-868

Technological and conceptual advances in fields such as artificial intelligence, robotics, and material science have enabled robotic architectural environments to be implemented and tested in the last decade in virtual and physical prototypes. These prototypes are incorporating sensing-actuating mechanisms that enable interaction with their users and surroundings in real-time. While ...

Keywords: Interactive Architecture, Mechatronics, Robotics

Development of Ultra Lightweight Hoist Rope of Tower Crane for Super Skyscraper

Sang Heon Lee, Song Soo Han, Samyong Chung
Pages 869-874

Burj Khalifa, a skyscraper in Dubai, UAE, is the tallest man-made structure in the world. Its height reaches 828m but the taller super skyscrapers over 1 km have already been proposed. Tower crane is the key member for building such skyscrapers, which hoists heavy materials from the ground to the ...

Keywords: Super Skyscraper, Tower Crane, Load Ccapacity, Fiber Hoist rope, UHMWPE

A Study of Wayfinding in Taipei Metro Station Transfer: Multi-Agent Simulation Approach

Kuo-Chung WEN; Wei-Chen SHEN
Pages 875-879

Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) station is the transport node, with population concentrated, closed-space, more gates this type of space a high risk of accidents hidden. The study based multi-agent simulation (MAS) system to create wayfinding simulation in MRT station, to create an effective evacuation simulation model. It can use to ...

Keywords: Multi-agent Simulation, MRT Station, Wayfinding, Spatial Information Technology

Automated Head Pose Estimation of Vehicle Operators

Soumitry J. Ray; Jochen Teizer
Pages 880-885

In this paper we propose a method for evaluating the dynamic blind spot of an operator of a construction vehicle by integrating static blind spot map of a construction vehicle with the head orientation of the operator. By computing the position and orientation of the equipment operator’s head, the field-of-view ...

Keywords: PCA; SVR; head pose estimation; equipment blind spot and visibility; range TOF camera; safety

Lessons Learned from Schedule Estimation Using Real-Time Data in a Concreting Operation

Sangwon Han; Pan Hao
Pages 886-891

The unique, complex and interdependent nature of modern construction operations means that the use of previous datasets in simulating a new project may raise validity issues. To address this problem, the use of real-time data in simulation studies has been introduced and practiced in recent years. However, little is known ...

Keywords: Real-time Data, Discrete Event Simulation, Concrete Delivery, Schedule Prediction

Genetic Algorithm-Based Chaos Clustering Approach for Optimizing Construction Time-Cost Tradeoff Problems

Min-Yuan Cheng, Kuo-Yu Huang, Cao Phu Cuong
Pages 892-897

Time-cost tradeoff (TCT) problems have been studied extensively in construction management literatures. TCT decisions, as combinatorial optimization problems, are difficult to find out their optimal solutions. However, Genetic Algorithms (GA) coupled with chaos and K-means clustering approach, named KCGA, can tackle these problems effectively. KCGA has successfully incorporated two opposite ...

Keywords: K-means Clustering, Chaos, Genetic Algorithms, Construction Management

A Hybrid Swarm Intelligence Based Particle Bee Algorithm for Benchmark Functions and Construction Site Layout Optimization

Min-Yuan Cheng; Li-Chuan Lien
Pages 898-904

The construction site layout (CSL) design presents a particularly interesting area of study because of its relatively high level of attention to usability qualities, in addition to common engineering objectives such as cost and performance. However, it is difficult combinatorial optimization problem for engineers. Swarm intelligence (SI) was very popular ...

Keywords: Construction Site Layout, Swarm Intelligence, Bee Algorithm, Particle Swarm Optimization, Particle Bee Algorithm

Trending and Forecasting in Construction Operations

Osama Moselhi; Xiao hui Xiao
Pages 905-910

This paper presents a study conducted in collaboration with large Canadian engineering, procurement and construction management (EPCM) firm to identify areas of improvement in the current process of progress reporting and forecasting project status at different targeted future dates. The study focused mainly on trending and time/Cost control of engineering, ...

Keywords: Forecasting, Cost Control, Visualized Progress Reporting

Development of Various Bridge Condition Indices for Taiwan Bridge Management System

Hsien-Ke Liao; Nie-Jia Yau
Pages 911-916

Taiwan is an island exposed to various natural disasters. Currently inventory and inspection data of the existing 28,000 bridges in Taiwan are managed by the Taiwan Bridge Management System (T-BMS). Thus, this research aims at developing a mechanism for fast and automatic evaluation of bridges’ abilities to resist possible damages ...

Keywords: Bridge Management System, Condition Index, Visual Inspection, DER&U

Fully Automated Registration of 3D CAD Model with Point Cloud from Construction Site

Changmin Kim, Joohyuk Lee, Minwoo Cho, Changwan Kim
Pages 917-922

In construction automation applications, registration between the 3D computer-aided design (CAD) model and the point cloud obtained by remote sensing technology is an important process such as progress monitoring and as-built modeling. However, the registration method to align the 3D CAD model and point cloud in construction automation has limitations ...

Keywords: Iterative Closest Point, Principle Component Analysis, 3D Registration

A Study on the Factors Affecting the Economical Life of Heavy Construction Equipment

Hongqin Fan; Zhigang Jin
Pages 923-928

Surveys found that large contractors replace approximately 10% of their equipment fleet units annually in North America. Cost minimization model is a commonly accepted method for equipment replacement which helps to identify these equipment units whose total owning and operating cost reaches their minimum point as candidates for replacement. While ...

Keywords: Construction Equipment, Replacement Analysis, Decision Tree Modeling, Decision Support

Impacts of Matched Batch Sizes on Time Reduction in Construction Projects

Euysup Shim
Pages 929-934

Batching production is to process products in lots rather than by the piece and most activities in repetitive construction projects are performed by batching production. Batch size is a key factor which affects duration of construction project and it is recommended to use small batch size for early completion of ...

Keywords: Batch Size, Matched Batch Size, Productivity, Time Reduction

Development of an RFID System for Tracking Construction Residual Soil in Taiwan

Rong-Yau Huang; Tsung-Yi Tsai
Pages 935-940

A lot of construction residual soils are generated each year in major construction projects in Taiwan. Currently a Construction Residual Soil Report System (CRSRS) is implemented in Taiwan. It requires to report every month on the sources and destinations, as well as the amount of residual soils. The local government ...

Keywords: RFID, Construction, Residual Soil, Automation

Performance Evaluation Mechanism for Engineering Consultants– Cases Study on Taipei Rapid Transit Systems

Chien-Hui Sun; Nie-Jia Yau
Pages 941-946

Engineering consultation is a knowledge intensive industry. It operates by providing design-related technical services. Although design cost is relatively far less than construction cost, the decisions made in the design phase have a significant impact on the project, especially for large public construction projects. Therefore, this research focuses on establishing ...

Keywords: Performance Evaluation, Engineering Consultant, Taipei Rapid Transit Systems

Interface Management Practices in Taiwan Construction Project

Fu-Cih Siao, Yen-Chi Shu, Yu-Cheng Lin
Pages 947-952

The interfaces during the construction phase usually cause reworks and conflicts among different project participants. In order to improve construction management, it is necessary to track and solved interfaces when these interfaces will influence the construction works. In practice, the interface information is usually available in related participants and few ...

Keywords: Interface Management, Construction Management, Coordination

Delay Impact Analysis Method for Lost Productivity in Construction Projects

Jyh-Bin Yang, Kuei-Mei Huang, Chang-Hung Lee, Sheue-Meei Chen
Pages 953-954

Schedule delays commonly appear in construction projects and result in delay claim progressively. Several studies have proposed various schedule delay analysis methodologies. By using the as-planned and as-built schedules, most previous studies focus on the impact calculation of identified delay events on project duration. They consider the schedule variances between ...

Keywords: Lost Productivity, Construction Projects, Delay Analysis, Schedule Management

Business Models for Convergence of Construction and Information Technology -A Senario Planning-Based Approach

Sung hoon Park, Soonwook Kwon, Mina Lee
Pages 955-956

Currently, the construction industry, which is already both high-innovated and sophisticated, is searching for new solutions in accordance with the incorporation of information technology. The objective is to create a high value construction industry through convergence with IT technology. However, there is no business model which is practical, profitable and ...

Keywords: Scenario Planning, Cross-Impact, Business Model, IT Convergence

Modeling and Operating Robotic Environments Using Gazebo/ROS

Thomas Linner, Alaguraj Shrikathiresan, Maxim Vetrenko, Bernhard Ellmann, Thomas Bock
Pages 957-962

Tools like ROS and Gazebo have become more important in light of new building concepts with embedded robotic systems. Over centuries buildings have always been viewed as static structures resistant to changes. However, today they are also viewed as kinetic structures capable of change and adaptation. The concept of kinetic ...

Keywords: Kinetic Architecture, Building Information Modeling, Middleware, Robot Operating System (ROS)

Development of Optimized Point Clouds Merging Method for Rapid Processing to Generate Earthwork Site Model

Soonwook Kwon, Mi Na Lee, Moon Joo Lee, Myungjin Chae, Junbok Lee
Pages 963-968

As a continuation of the authors’ research presented in previous years (ISARC), these authors focus on the processing aspect of the 3D terrain models acquired from heterogeneous 3D scan sources. This includes a revision of the authors’ ICP-based merging algorithm to achieve better accuracy in the ever-changing shape of an ...

Keywords: Registration, 3D Point, Automatic Construction

Study on Modeling and Control of Excavator

Le Quang Hoan, Chan Se Jeong, Hack Sun Kim, He Lim Yang, Soon Yong Yang
Pages 969-974

An excavator is a typical hydraulic heavy-duty human-operated machine used in general versatile construction operations, such as digging, carrying loads, grounding and dumping loads. However, operating excavators in the hazard environment such as earthquake, nuclear decomposition etc is not suitable for human to operate on site. Therefore, automation in excavator ...

Keywords: Excavator, Modeling, Automation, Control, Manipulator

Automation System for Lunar Landing Pad

Jaeho Lee, Byung Chul Chang, Sangah Lee, Leonhard E. Bernold, Tai Sik Lee
Pages 975-980

Concrete needs long time (28 day) for curing to reach enough strength in construction site. Also, it needs various materials. Thus, most of the construction sites in Extreme Environment select to deliver the prefabricated concrete modules. To construct structures on the Moon one has to select proper materials considering safety, ...

Keywords: Landing Pad, Lunar Concrete, Mechanism, Polymer, Glass Fiber, Lunar Simulant, Moon, Automation

Development of a Prototype Deployable Bridge Based on Origami Skill

I. Ario, M. Nakazawa, Y. Tanaka, I. Tanikura, S. Ono
Pages 981-986

In recent years, the world has seen many natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and tsunamis. In particular, Japan experienced a very bad flood that damaged many bridges in Sayo, Shiso and Mimasaka along several branched rivers of the Chigusa and Ibo rivers in 2009. We need to develop a ...

Keywords: Structural Optimization, Deployable Bridge, Mobilebridge, Emergency Bridge

A Study of the Construction Methods for the Preservation of Important Underground Remains

Kenichi Fujino
Pages 987-992

In this research, the Intelligent Construction that minimizes the damage was suggested. In this case, “stress for the remains” and “direct cutting for the remains” should be avoided to preserve the underground remains. The influence of the stress for the underground remains by the execution machinery was estimated by Boussinesq ...

Keywords: Preservation of Underground Remains, Intelligent Construction, 3D-machine Control, Positioning System

A Study on Working Plan of Intelligent Excavator

Chang-Seop Lee, Jang Ho Bae, Dae Hie Hong
Pages 993-995

Intelligent excavator has four sensors which can detect the length of each cylinder and electronic valves which are used to control flow rate of hydraulic oil electrically. Intelligent excavator is controlled by the information from these sensors and control signals. Using the position control, excavator can work on the programmed ...

Keywords: Intelligent Excavator, Expert, Path, Program

A Rust Intensity Recognition Approach for Steel Bridge Surface Coating Images Based on Artificial Neural Networks

Po-Han Chen, Heng-Kuang Shen, Luh-Maan Chang
Pages 996-1001

One of the traditional methods to assess the quality of the coating on the steel bridge surface is calculating the ratio of rust to the total area of coated surface. In North America, digital image processing has been applied on quality assessment of steel bridge coating since late 1990s due ...

Keywords: Coating Defect Recognition, Color Image Processing, K-Means, Artificial Neural Network, Root-mean-square Standard Deviation (RMSSTD)

Minimizing the Traffic Impact Caused by Infrastructure Maintenance Using Ant Colony Optimization

Katharina Lukas; Andre Borrmann
Pages 1002-1006

Maintenance measures at infrastructural buildings such as bridges or tunnels in urban areas always have influence on the traffic flow. Finding a schedule that keeps this impact as low as possible by considering the mutual interaction between several road closures is a highly complex optimization problem. In a current research ...

Keywords: Infrastructure Maintenance, Scheduling, Optimization, Ant Colony Optimization

Geometric Evaluation of Road Signs Using Radiometric Information from Laser Scanning Data

Higinio Gonzalez-Jorge, Belen Riveiro, Julia Armesto, P. Arias
Pages 1007-1012

Road signs appear as one of the most important elements for safety purposes and their inspection is typically included in the road management systems. Nowadays, it is becoming more common the use of high performance vehicles to improve the efficiency of the road inspection works. They include sensors as laser ...

Keywords: Road Inspection, Laser Scanning, Radiance, Road Sign

A Fast and Automated Method for Extracting Tunnel Cross-Sections Using Terrestrial Laser Scanned Data

Soohee Han, Hyungsig Cho, Sangmin Kim, Joon Heo
Pages 1013-1018

In tunnel construction, overcut along with undercut estimation is one of the most important factors to be considered before proceeding to the next operation. It is currently analyzed based on sparsely sampled points surveyed using a total station, but not much time is allowed for surveying and analyzing for economic ...

Keywords: Terrestrial Laser Scanner, Tunnel, Cross-Section, Point Cloud, Hashing

Effect of View Distance and Movement Scale on Haptic-Based Teleoperation of Industrial Robots in Complex Environments

Pholchai Chotiprayanakul, Dikai Liu, Gavin Paul
Pages 1019-1024

This paper presents the study on the effect of view distance and movement scale on performance of haptic based teleoperation of a sandblasting robot in complex steel bridge maintenance environments. The operational performance, measured by the Index of Performance (IP), is defined based on the speed and the control accuracy ...

Keywords: Human-Robot Interaction, Movement Scale, View Distance, Steel Bridge Maintenance Robot

Location Information Management of RFID-Equipped Building Components

Ali Motamedi; Amin Hammad
Pages 1026-1031

Availability of accurate location information of components decreases the search time and increases the chance of using shared resources. In our previously proposed framework, RFID tags are attached to components at an early stage of the lifecycle and their memory is used for various purposes throughout the lifecycle. In this ...

Keywords: RFID, Location Information Management, Location-Based Services, Lifecycle Management

Hibrid Approach of Cameras and GPS for Displacement Measurements of Super Long-Sapn Bridges

Wonjo Jung, Do Hyoung Shin, SungKwon Woo, Won-jin Park, Sangbin Kim
Pages 1032-1037

In a recent decade, the GPS has been introduced to directly measure the displacements of super long-span bridges. However, due to its high cost, it is not appropriate to apply a number of GPS receivers in a super-long span bridge in order to measure the displacements through the overall bridge. ...

Keywords: Super Long-span Bridge, Displacement, Digital Camera, GPS, Maintenance

Influence of Offshore Outsourced Structural Design Processes on Construction Operations

David Grau; Rakesh Salunke
Pages 1037-1042

This manuscript reports the findings of a research endeavor that has characterized the process to deliver detailed workshop and erection design documents for steel structures when outsourced to offshore design service providers, and has assessed the influence of these design processes on construction operations. The study has considered all aspects ...

Keywords: Design, Construction, Constructability, Outsourcing, Offshoring, Globalization, Technology

A Study on the Sustaining Capability of the Curtain Wall System for the Attached Cleaning Robot

Kyu Won Yeun, Yu Gil Han, Yong Won Lee, Jong Kim
Pages 1043-1048

Recently, the curtain wall systems are widely used for the exterior walls of the buildings. In this regard, many studies on their cleaning and maintenance methods are being carried out. Now in order to review on the possibility of the attachment of the cleaning robot to the existing buildings, it ...

Keywords: Cleaning Robot, Building, Wind Load, Curtain Wall, Mullion, Anchor

Effect of Polyolefin Fiber on the Engineered Properties of Cement-Based Composites Containing Silica Fume

Wei-Ting Lin, An Cheng, Ran Huang, Yu-Chih Chen, Xin-Gang Zhou
Pages 1049-1054

This study is aimed to evaluate the engineered properties of cement-based composites which comprise polyolefin fibers and silica fume in the mixes. Material variables include water-cementitious ratio, dosage of silica fume, polyolefin fiber length and dosage. Compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, direct tensile strength, resistivity, rapid chloride penetration test and ...

Keywords: Polyolefin Fiber, Direct Tensile Strength, SEM Observation, Resistivity

Demonstrative Study on Development of a Method for Reusable Wall Structure Made of Thinned-Out Japanese Cedar- Design Study of Arc Wooden House

Le Dieu Huyen, Fukuda Hiroatsu, Sindemizukun Taizo, Ochiai Takasama
Pages 1055-1060

Using wood in construction is one of the best way to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide, because wood is material that fixes carbon dioxide in the long term. Japanese cedar grows up quickly, with low price, but it has been used unpopular in construction in Japan. Because it is ...

Keywords: Construction Method, Wooden House, Frame, Japanese Thinned Cedar

Multi-Disciplinary Design Collaboration for Developing a BIM Model Using a Hybrid Client-Server and P2P Network Model

Hung-Ming Chen; Chuan-Chien Hou
Pages 1061-1066

This paper presents an Internet-based design collaboration of multi-disciplinary teams for the development of a Building Information Modeling (BIM) model. The network allows geographically separated design teams to work simultaneously on a single shared BIM model, using a distributed system to achieve design integration and conflict resolution. A synchronous collaborative ...

Keywords: Internet, BIM Model, Collaboration, Multi-discipline, Computer-aided Design

Productivity Improvement in Construction of Onshore Oil & Gas Pipeline Tie in Joints Execution

Ananthanarayanan Kuppusamy; Saravanan Ramar
Pages 1067-1072

One of the economical ways of transporting crude oil or gas over long distances is through onshore pipelines. Construction of onshore pipelines, involves considerable repetitive activities at various stages of the project. Cost incurred in the construction of pipelines depends on the length of the pipeline, the route and the ...

Keywords: Productivity Improvement-pipeline-“Tie in” Joint, Simulation

Design Collaboration for Intelligent Construction Management in Mobilie Augmented Reality

Mi Jeong Kim, Ju Hyun Lee, Ning Gu
Pages 1073-1078

Building Information Modeling (BIM) is not a novel concept, but there is a growing interest in design collaboration using BIM for construction management in the AEC industry. Recently, mobile computing and augmented reality (AR) become new variations on desktop computers since the combination can create ubiquitous workspaces for practices by ...

Keywords: Design Collaboration, Mobile Computing, Augmented Reality, Building Information Modeling, Construction Management Process, Context-awareness

Building Information Modeling (BIM)-Based Design of Energy Efficient Buildings

Chung-Suk Cho, Don Chen, Sungkwon Woo
Pages 1079-1084

With the increased awareness of energy consumption as well as the environmental impact of building operations, architects, designers and planners are required to place more consideration on sustainability and energy performance of the building. To ensure most of those considerations are reflected in the building performance, critical design decisions should ...

Keywords: Building Information Modeling, LEED, Energy Efficiency, High Performance Building, Scope Definition, PDRI, Whole Building Design

CAD-Based Tool for Automated Panel Cutting of Prefabricated Facades

Miguel Poyatos, Juan Jose de Dios, Roberto Zangroniz, Jose Manuel Pastor
Pages 1085-1090

The development of prefabricated facades, using architectural concrete panels or GRC panels, starts by cutting facade maps included in the architectural project. The aim of the architectural department is creating a design of the panels, taking care about the viability in terms of dimensions, weight, location, etc, and also looking ...

Keywords: Computer-aided Design (CAD), Precast Facades, Concrete Panels, GRC

Merit of Computer Game in Tacit Knowledge Acquisition and Retention

Julian Kang; Nidhi Jain
Pages 1091-1096

Although many efforts have been exerted to increase safety on construction sites, it has never been easy to run a construction project with zero accidents. Previous research indicated that lessons learned from previous projects could help construction professionals prevent repetitive mistakes, but those lessons are based on individual experience, and ...

Keywords: Visualization, Computer Game, Knowledge Management

A Methodological Argument for Designing Assessment of Students' Teamwork in Problem-Based Learning

Oluwole Alfred Olatunji
Pages 1098-1104

Problems-based learning (PBL) uniquely attempts to scaffold praxis from conventional pedagogical approaches to practice-based learning. With a particular focus on construction education, this paper reviews a range of perspectives on the applications of PBL in different disciplines where it has been applied. It also draws a line between assessing students’ ...

Keywords: Assessment, Construction, Constructivism, Problem-based Learning, Group-work, Teamwork

Modeling Deep Beam Strengths with a Genetic Programming System

Hsing-Chih Tsai; Yong-Huang Lin
Pages 1104-1109

This paper proposes a genetic programming system (GPS) to both predict and program deep beam strength. The soft prediction is to provide estimated results for problems and the soft programming is to represent problems with meaningful formulas. In proposed GPS, two models of genetic programming (GP) and weighted genetic programming ...

Keywords: Genetic Programming, Weighted Genetic Programming, Genetic Programming System, Deep Beam Strengths

Computer Aided Iterative Design – A Future Trend in Computer Aided Engineering Software

Yo-Ming Hsieh; Song-Xu Tsai
Pages 1110-1115

Typical engineering design processes involve an initial design, followed by iterations of analyses, interpreting and evaluating analyses results, and proposing new design or modifying existing design. The final design often results from intuitions obtained during this iterative process. Most computer-aided engineering (CAE) software focuses on the computer-aided analysis by advancing capabilities in ...

Keywords: Computer-aided Design, Computer-aided Engineering, Meshfree, Meshless

Study of Preparation Specifications for 3-Dimensional Topographical Map Data for Road Design in Japan

Kanya Watanabe, Ryuichi Imai, Noriaki Aoyama, Masataka Hirajo, Shigenori Tanaka
Pages 1116-1121

3-dimensional CAD is known to be an effective and convenient method of designing roads. But road design in Japan makes little use of 3-dimensional CAD. This is due to the fact that Japanese topographical surveys provide 2- dimensional topographical map data, and height data have to be newly input at ...

Keywords: The Design by 3-dimensional CAD, 3-dimensional Topographical Map Data, Road Design

Managerial Process Standardization through Illustrative Case Study

Younghan Jung; Thomas Mills
Pages 1122-1127

This paper presents an experimental case study for managerial process standardization that is supported by theoretical foundations that authorize, integrate, and optimize organizational decisions. The concept of Managerial Process Standardization improves the procedural ability of a business organization to efficiently process, exchange, measure and reason about management decision-making. This paper ...

Keywords: Standardization, Managerial Process, Management Strategy, Organizational Decision

Quantifying Impact Factors for Sustainable Road Engineering

Jieh-Haur Chen, Li-Ren Yang, Shang-I Lin
Pages 1128-1133

This research is to identify impact factors in both cost and benefit aspects using quantitative techniques and then to determine their corresponding weights for sustainable road engineering projects. The impact factors are initially gathered from literature review and expert interviews, resulting in a total of 10 factors for questionnaire development. ...

Keywords: Sustainable Road Project, Impact Factor, Factor Analysis, Survey, Construction Management

Integrated Framework for Productivity Improvement: Action Research Approach with Lean Construction Theory

Woo-Sik Jang, Seokjin Choi, Seung H. Han, Keon-soon Im, Do-young Jung
Pages 1134-1140

Lean construction theory is universally being applied in many actual projects for productivity improvement and process innovation. Most of proposed lean approaches, however, could not guide an actual implementation to the level of expected improvement, largely due to their inapplicability under in-situ circumstances. To reduce the gap between the theoretical ...

Keywords: Lean Construction, Action Research, Practical Productivity Improvement, Integrated Framework

An Optimization Model for Linear Project Scheduling Considering Multi-Skilled Crews

Shu-Shun Liu; Chang-Jung Wang
Pages 1141-1142

Owing to the characteristics of construction linear projects, work efficiency is always addressed by prior researchers. However, most studies only consider single-skilled crews for linear projects, and the flexibility of multiskilling in construction is neglected. Recently, researchers have reveals that multiskilling in construction can increase the productivity, flexibility, and continuity ...

Keywords: Linear Project Scheduling, Multi-skilled, Constraint Programming

Performance Evaluation Model of the Client's Matrix Organization for a Design Project

Wei Chih Wang, Yueh Hua Lin, Chu Hsuan Chung, Ming Tsung Lee, Chia Li Lin
Pages 1143-1148

Conducting a design project of a high-tech facility requires various specialties and rigorous user needs provided from the facility client. Sometime, project client will form a matrix organization with several interrelated functional and projectized divisions to decide those requirements and needs. However, an ill-defined matrix organization very likely causes late ...

Keywords: Design Delays, Matrix Organization, Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory Technique (DEMATEL), High-tech Facility Design Project

Case Study of Delay Impact Analysis of Lost Productivity in Construction Projects

Kuei-Mei Huang, Jyh-Bin Yang, Chang-Hung Lee, Ruei-Yu Ku
Pages 1149-1150

Schedule delays commonly appear in construction projects and result in delay claim progressively. Several studies have proposed various schedule delay analysis methodologies; however, most of the studies focus on the analysis of surface data (as-planned and as-built schedules), few of them on evaluating the effects of root causes, such as ...

Keywords: Lost Productivity, Construction Projects, Case Study, Delay Analysis

Stage-Gate Process Integrated Risk Management Framework for Overseas LNG Plant Projects

Hwa-Uk Hong, Woo-Sik Jang, Seung H. Han, Kyeong-Ho Chin
Pages 1151-1156

The demand of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is on a steady increase, and the estimation of world LNG consumption will be doubled by 2030 compared with 2005. In the wake of increasing demand, numerous LNG plant projects are under construction and many new projects are in the planning stage. However, ...

Keywords: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), Risk Management Framework, Stage-gate Process, Design Phase

Computational Intelligence Estimation of Natural Background Ozone Level and its Distribution for Air Quality Modelling and Emission Control

Herman Wahid, Q. P. Ha, H. Nguyen Duc
Pages 1157-1163

Background ozone, known as the ozone that occurs in the troposphere as a result of biogenic emissions without photochemical influences, has a close relationship with human health risk. The prediction of the background ozone level by an air quality model could cover a wider region, whereas a measurement method can ...

Keywords: Background Ozone, Air Quality Modelling, Radial Basis Function, Spatial Distribution

Mobile Computing Platform for Construction Site Management

Changyoon Kim, Hyunsu Lim, Hyoungkwan Kim
Pages 1164-1169

Ever improving smart phones and mobile computing technologies provide engineers unprecedented opportunities to innovate the existing processes of construction projects. Researchers in the construction industry tried to use mobile computing technologies for enhancing the management process of construction project on site. This study aims to present a location-based construction site ...

Keywords: Construction Management, Mobile Computing, Location Based Service, Site Management

Agility and Traction for a Lunar Rough Terrain Exploration Rover

Byung Chul Chang, Eun Soo Park, Dongcheol Choi, Leonhard E. Bernold, Tai Sik Lee
Pages 1170-1171

So far, exploration rovers on moon and mars limited there traverses to mostly flat and “easy” surfaces. On the other hand, there is Opportunity or the Mars Exploration Rover-B (MER-B) getting stuck in a 30 cm sand-dune on April 26, 2005. It took until June 4, 2005 for the rover ...

Keywords: Planetary Exploration, Exploration Rover, Rover Wheel, Locomotion, Lunar Soil Simulant

Developing Bridge Monitor Platform Using GPS and Communication Technology

K. C. Chang, H. P. Tserng, K.W. Weng, Y. W. Chen, H. T. Tseng
Pages 1172-1177

In order to maintain security of the bridge and prevent life and property losses caused by earthquakes, typhoons, erosion and other disasters, it is worthwhile to explore the installation of monitoring and management system for bridges. However, in the current bridge management process, most of the discussion is divided into ...

Keywords: Bridge Disaster Prevention and Management, Real-time Monitoring, Wireless Sensor Network, Disaster Warning

Innovative Micro-Walking Robot Using Flexible Microactuator

Sai Dinesh P, Roshin Raveendra, Aditya K, Pramod Sreedharan, Ganesha Udupa
Pages 1178-1183

In the area of Robotics, the micro-walking robots play a very important role as it is required to perform inspection and maintenance inside pipelines or narrow spaces where people cannot enter. Extensive research work is under way in the design and control of the micro-walking robot. An exhaustive survey of ...

Keywords: Asymmetric Tube, Electro-pneumatic Control Algorithm (EPCA), Flexible Micro Actuator (FMA)

Avoidance of Earth Obstacles for Intelligent Excavator

Jangho Bae, Chang Seup Lee, Daehie Hong
Pages 1184-1189

In this paper, we develop an algorithm for avoidance of earth obstacles using model-reference impedance control for autonomous excavator. There have been many research in the past regarding autonomous excavation, which were only concerned about position control, force control and path generation. However in order to apply the control system ...

Keywords: Autonomous Excavator, Impedance Control, Avoidance of Earth Obstacles

A Novel Bayesian Network Approach for Engineering Reliability Assessment

Sou-Sen Leu; Quang-Nha Bui
Pages 1190-1195

Bayesian network (BN) learning is difficult task due to the limitation of available data in most engineering fields. On the other hand, BN which constructed bases on experts’ judgments is hard to evaluate and often inaccurate. In this work we introduce a novel method called expert-based structural EM (Ex-SEM) for ...

Keywords: Bayesian Network, Structural Learning, Expert Knowledge, Reliability Assessment

An Extended Hand Movement Model for Haptic-Based Remote Operation of Infrastructure Maintenance Robots

Pholchai Chotiprayanaku, Dikai Liu, Gamini Dissanayake
Pages 1196-1202

When human operator is in the control loop of a robotic system, which operates in unstructured, complex and dynamic environments such as those in construction and steel bridge maintenance, human factors will have significant effect on the operational performance and control of the robot. This paper aims to investigate this ...

Keywords: Human-Robot Interaction, Haptic Interface, Human Factor, Steel Bridge Maintenance Robot

The Development of Building Maintenance System (PBMS) for Monitoring Repairs & Replacement History in Public Facility

Chun-Kyong Lee, Tae-Gab Jung, Tae- Keun Park
Pages 1203-1208

In Korea Water Resources Corporation (K-Water) has seen four problems rising in four aspects of property management of approximately 1,200 buildings scattered through put to country. To solve these, ground data for repair and replacement works to be conducted for prevention and will be prepared and building maintenance system (hereinafter ...

Keywords: Maintenance System, Priority Determination, Repair & Replacement, Public Facilities

Applications of Computer Vision Ontile Alignment Inspection

Kuo-Liang Lin; Jhih-Long Fang
Pages 1209-1214

Due to a lack of standard operation procedures for tile alignment acceptance in Taiwan, subjective visual inspection becomes the main quality measure. Without quantitative specifications for tile alignment, inspectors can easily manipulate the outcome so that fine craftsmanship is not valued, resulting in great quality variation in tile installation works. This ...

Keywords: Computer Vision, Tile Installation, Acceptance Procedure, Quality Assurance, Corner Detection

Real-Time NDE of Steel Cable Using Elasto-Magnetic Sensors Installed in a Cable Climbing Robot

Seunghee Park, Ju Won Kim, Jong Jae Lee, Jin Suk Lim
Pages 1215-1220

Recently, the steel cable used infrastructures are improved with progress in construction technology. In particular, the steel cable in long span bridges such as cable stayed bridges and suspension bridges are critical members which suspend dead load due to the main girders and bridge floor slabs. Damage at cable members ...

Keywords: Elasto-magnetic Sensor, Permeability, Steel Cable, Cable Climbing Robot, Non-destructive Examination, Structural Health Monitoring

Development Of Building-Facade Maintenance Robot with Docking Station Based on Vertical Climbing Mechanism

Sung Min Moon, Dae Hie Hong, Sung Won Kim, So Ra Park
Pages 1221-1222

There are a large number of high-rise buildings equipped with facades (curtain-walls) in modern cities. These facades must be periodically maintained with manual procedures that are costly and risky. For this reason, the interest in developing and employing service robots for the building maintenance has been increased. Automation and robotics ...

Keywords: Built-in Guide Robot System, Façades, Curtain-Wall, Docking Station, Climbing Mechanism, Maintenance

Automatic Construction Quantity Calculation System

Ying-Hua Huang; Chen-Yang Lin
Pages 1223-1224

The current ways to determine construction material quantities: calculating manually or using evaluation computer software, are time consuming and lack of accuracy. This study proposes an automatic calculation system to compute construction material quantities using a three dimensional architecture model based on CAD image files. The proposed system reduces the ...

Keywords: Material Quantity, Construction, 3-D Model, Automation System

Analysis of Operation Efficiency of Tower Crane in Form Work Construction for Multi-Family Housing

Donghoon Lee, Kiyoung Son, Sunkuk Kim
Pages 1225-1227

High-rise apartment projects in Korea have been built up to twenty stories with three to fifteen hundred multi-family units. When these projects are under construction, operation of lifting equipment such as tower cranes substantially influences project costs and scheduling. In other words, the operation of an appropriate crane based on ...

Keywords: Tower Cranes, Operation Efficiency, Multi-family Housing

Concept of a Wall Building Industrial Robotic System

Pavel Svoboda; Vyacheslav Usmanov
Pages 1228-1233

Up to now there are robots specializing in stationary industrial operations. The building industry is a highly diversified and dynamic branch and, therefore, robotic systems are not used on the construction site during the building process at all or in a very limited way to handle loads. There exist robotic ...

Keywords: Robotic System, Simulation, Wall, Building, Masonry Technology, Brick

Design of a Manipulator for Tele-Operation Applications

Hun Keon Ko, Kwon Hee Kim, Hyo Chan Kwon, Chang Hee Cho
Pages 1234-1238

A manipulator for remote duplication of an operator’s arm motion is presented. The focus of design is on the economic efficiency with limited payload, speed and accuracy ranges for a given application. The arm has eight degrees of freedom with upper arm, elbow, lower arm, wrist and end effector. The ...

Keywords: Manipulator, Tele-operation, Robot Arm, Performance Evaluation, Motion Tracking

Development of a Measuring Device for Construction Field Worker's Work Load Using Accelerometers

Kyoon Tai Kim; Chang Han Kim
Pages 1239-1240

Construction workers are usually engaged in performing simple, repetitive motions using heavy material and tools in an uncomfortable posture and an unstable environment. These characteristics of construction work cause too much load to be placed on specific parts of the bodies of construction workers. Recently, the rapid pace of work ...

Keywords: Construction Worker, Musculoskeletal Disorders, Construction Safety, Work Efficiency

Development of Work Process of Construction Automation of Foundation for One-Day Housing

Chang-Han Kim, Du-heon Lee, Yeong-ho Lee, Kyoon-Tai Kim
Pages 1241-1242

There are two essential management objectives in the construction industry: improvement of construction speed and reduction of materials used. A representative attempt to achieve these objectives, modular housing technologies have been actively applied in many developed countries, including Japan. Modular housing is a method by which a house is assembled ...

Keywords: One-Day Housing, Construction Automation, Foundation, Work Process

Building of a Sample Scenario of a Built-In Guide Type Robot for External Wall Maintenance Work of a Skyscraper

Chang-Han Kim, Jae-Goo Han, Kyoon-Tai Kim
Pages 1243-1248

The construction of high-rise buildings is currently on the rise worldwide, and with 5 construction projects currently being promoted in Seoul to build higher than 100 stories, Korea is no exception. However, there are different considerations for the maintenance of such high-rise buildings, not to mention the construction process, than ...

Keywords: Built-in Guide Type Robot, A Skyscraper, External Wall Maintenance, A Sample Scenario

Power Assistant System for Heavy Worker

Kyoung Taik Park
Pages 1249-1254

This study presents the power assistance system of working suit type for heavy worker in construction site of steel bridge and high building. The heavy worker carrying several tools such as hammer, grinder, window frame and window glass should be stayed to do handling work in closed working space or ...

Keywords: Power Assistant Suit, Hydraulic Actuator, Handling Worker, Heavy Worker, Power Control

Robust Position Control of Electro Hydrostatic Actuator with System Uncertainties Using Sliding Mode Control and Neural Networks Algorithm

Kyoung Taik Park; Han Me Kim
Pages 1255-1260

This paper deals with robust position control of electro-hydrostatic actuator (EHA) systems with system uncertainties. EHA systems compared with conventional hydraulic actuator (CHA) systems are controlled by electric motor directly connected to bidirectional pump and its size is much smaller due to the component integration such as a pump, a ...

Keywords: Electro-hydraulic Actuator, System Uncertainty, Sliding Mode Control, Radial Basis Function Neural Networks

Robust Control of Hydraulic Actuator Using Back-Stepping Sliding Mode Controller

Jeongju Choi
Pages 1261-1266

To develop an unmanned automatic excavator system the control performance of hydraulic actuators should be guaranteed. However, hydraulic actuators with single rod cylinder have inherently severe nonlinearities that significantly affect to the command following performance of end-effect. PID control system widely used in industries is not proper to compensate the ...

Keywords: Excavator, Hydraulic System, Back-stepping Controller, Sliding Mode Controller

Development of Time Varying Sliding Mode Controller with Fuzzy System for Automatic Excavator

Jeongju Choi
Pages 1267-1272

Time-varying sliding mode controller(TVSMC) with fuzzy algorithm for an unmanned automatic excavator system is proposed in this paper. Proposed control system is induced from dynamics of 3-link excavator that is boom, arm and bucket. To design the proposed control system, the main structure of controller is based on sliding mode ...

Keywords: Automatic Excavator, Sliding Mode Controller, Fuzzy

Basic Experiment for a Fastening Device for the Vertical Outer Walls of High-Rise Buildings

Young-Bog Ham, Byung-Ju Lim, Chang-Dae Park, Dae-Myoung Kim, Bok-Kyu Kim, Se-Hyeong Jeon
Pages 1273-1277

In order to perform maintenance on the outer walls of a high-rise building, including sweeping, painting and repairs, a device that enables the easy attachment/detachment of working equipment such as a gondola to the outer wall of a building is necessary. Though vacuum suction pads can be used to fasten ...

Keywords: Vacuum Suction Force, Suction Pads, High-rise Building, Vertical Outer Wall, Fastening Equipment

Measurement of Vacuum Suction Force on Diversely Configured Vertical Outer Walls of Buildings

Young-Bog Ham, Byung-Ju Lim, Chang-Dae Park, Ji-Suk Gu, Dae-Geun Kim, Se-Hyeong Jeon
Pages 1278-1282

Though vacuum suction pads are able to fasten items of working equipment such as gondolas easily and without causing damage to a building’s outer wall, their necessary suction force should be designed by considering various conditions such as wind force, the loads of each item of working equipment, and suction ...

Keywords: Vacuum Suction Force, Suction Pads, Vertical Outer Wall, Wall Shape, Gondola, High-rise Building

The Position and Orientation Measurement of Gondola Using a Visual Camera

Hwadong Sun, Dong Yeop Kim, Joon Ho Kwon, Bong-Seok Kim, Chang-Woo Park
Pages 1289-1293

The research of automation and robotics in building construction industry could improve working conditions through applications which create safety hazards for humans. In this paper, we propose an approach to sense a gondola robot system using a vision camera. To control a gondola safely and accurately, some parameters should be ...

Keywords: Gondola Robot, Building Facade, Balance, Rope

A Study on Algorithm of Progress Management Prototyping in Steel Construction

Deok-Gi Jung, Jung-Lo Park, Kyung-Hwan Kim, Jae-Jun Kim
Pages 1294-1299

Current construction project planning tends to be made based on a planner’s experience, opinion, or equipment supplier’s technical support. Furthermore, there is inefficiency and error occurring due to lack of materials for project planning, easy-to-use guidelines or tools. Construction planning needs to accommodate predicted scheduling and be regularly modified to economically ...

Keywords: Progress Management, Algorithm, Prototyping

Introduction of Construction Management Integrated System Using BIM in the Honam High-Speed RailwayLot No. 4-2

Hyun Cho, Ki Hwan Lee, Song Hyon Lee, Ta Lee, Hyun Jun Cho, Sung Hoon Kim, Sang Hyeok Nam
Pages 1300-1305

The Honam High-Speed Railway Lot No.4-2 consisting of 6 bridges including the arch bridge, the extra- dosed bridge and 2 tunnels with a total length of 9.38km and the whole construction work should be completed within 31 months only. In order to control the detailed cost and the construction process ...

Keywords: High-Speed Railway, BIM, Construction Management Integrated System, Web-Based 5D System, Safety and Equipment Management

Interoperability Tests between IFC Certified Software for Open BIM Based Quality Assurance

Jung Sik Choi; In Han Kim
Pages 1306-1307

The construction industry consists of various and massive architectural information as an architectural process includes a variety of design stages with cooperation of many disciplines. A Building Information Modeling (BIM) serves as a shared knowledge resource for information about a facility forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life- ...

Keywords: Building Information Modeling (BIM), Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), Interoperability, Quality Assurance, IFC Certified Software

A Study of Improving Safety Education for Overseas Construction Workers

Byung Joo Park, Seung Kyu Yoo, Ju Hyung Kim, Jae Jun Kim
Pages 1308-1311

Overseas construction markets reignited since 2003 overcoming the global economic crisis, while construction markets are growing in Asian developing countries such as Middle Eastern region, China, Philippine, etc. Many of Korean builders operating in such countries are carrying on abroad with around half the total construction orders. Most construction works ...

Keywords: Occupational Health, Overseas Construction, OSHA

Using Dematel and ANP Methods to Develop a Maintenance Rating Program (MRP) in Taiwan

Jia-Ruey Chang
Pages 1312-1313

The study proposed a maintenance rating program (MRP) in Taiwan which combines the methods of DEcision MAking Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) and Analytic Network Process (ANP) to evaluate maintenance activities accurately. In the view of the provincial and county roads in Taiwan, DEMATEL was employed to compute the effects ...

Keywords: Maintenance Rating Program (MRP), Pavement, Maintenance Activity, DEcision MAking Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL), Analytic Network Process (ANP)

Development Of CBR-Based Road Construction Project Cost Estimation System

Tai Kyung Kang, Wonyoung Park, Yoo Sub Lee
Pages 1314-1319

Compared with the method of predicting the detailed construction cost based on the information of the detailed quantities derived from the completed work drawings and specifications, the method of predicting the approximate estimate based on facility specification or approximate design information, etc. at the stage before the drawings and specifications ...

Keywords: Approximate Estimate, Approximate Quantities, Case Based Reasoning (CBR)

Information Retrieval in Construction Hazard Identification

Hyunsoo Kim, Hyun-Soo Lee, Moonseo Park, Sungjoo Hwang
Pages 1320-1325

The repetitive occurrence of similar accidents is one of the most prevalent features of construction disasters. Similar accident cases provide direct information for determining the risks of scheduled activities and planning safety countermeasures. Researchers have developed many systems to retrieve and use past accident cases. However, this research has ...

Keywords: Safety Management, Accident Case, Information Retrieval, BIM

Finite Eleemnt Frontal Crash Analysis of Nev Vehicle's Platform with Upper and Sub Frame Body

Byeong Sam Kim , Kyoungwoo Park, Youn-Min Song
Pages 1326-1329

In this paper, the crash analysis was performed of upper body and sub frame for NEV electric car. NEV vehicle’s front platform assembly behavior when subjected to a frontal crash is described in this article. The frontal crash of the integrated car system is successfully simulated in LS-DYNA. According to ...

Keywords: NEV Vehicle’s, Frontal Crash, FEM, Sub Frame

Fuzzy Based Condition Assessment Model Prototype of Middle And Small-Size Buildings

Hyeon Wook Jo, In Su Jung, Chan Sik Lee
Pages 1330-1331

The safety diagnosis of buildings is very important for continuous maintenance of them. However, the current safety and precision safety diagnosis in maintenance have focused on inspecting the first and second grade facilities. Considering that middle and small-size buildings except for the first and second account for 99.2% of whole ...

Keywords: Middle and Small-Size Buildings, Safety Diagnosis, Fuzzy, Condition Assessment

Optimized Earthwork Planning Methodology for Land Development Projects

Hyeongi Baek; Jongwon Seo
Pages 1332-1333

An earthwork for land development projects, which possesses around 20% of the total project cost, consists mainly of simply repetitive tasks such as loading, hauling, dumping, and returning and depends largely on heavy construction machines. The goal of earthwork planning is to minimize the project cost and duration by determining ...

Keywords: Earthwork Planning, Optimization, Simulated Annealing Algorithm, Land Development Project

Form Work Management Based on Ubiquitous Computing for High-Rise Building Construction

Taehoon Kim, Hunhee Cho, Kyung-In Kang
Pages 1334-1335

The recent development of ubiquitous computing has resulted in an improvement of management performance through real-time monitoring and control. Especially, in high-rise building construction with reinforced concrete structures, form work requires effective management systems to reduce the duration and cost of structural frame work and subsequent activities. Recently, a concrete ...

Keywords: Form Work Management, Ubiquitous Computing, High-rise Building Construction

Optimum Performance Evalution of Reinforced Spring Suspension System Using Nonlinear Analysis Method

Byeong-Soo Kim; Byung-Young Moon
Pages 1336-1340

Air springs are prevalently used as suspension in train. However, air springs are seldom used in automobiles where they improve stability and comfort by enhancing the impact-relief, breaking, and cornering performance. Thus, this study proposed a new method to analyze air springs and obtained some reliable design parameter which can ...

Keywords: Suspension Spring, Rubber Characteristics, Reinforcement Cord, Nonlinear Mechanics, Finite Element Analysis, Optimum Evaluation

Prediction Model for Hoisting Time Using Luffing-Type Crane for High-Rise Building Construction

Yoonseok Shin, Chang-Yeon Cho, Jung-Yeol Kim, Heebok Choi, Moon-Young Cho
Pages 1341-1342

Hoisting planning for systematic and efficient vertical transportation is one of the key factors for successful completion in high-rise building construction. However, despite this importance, minimal research has been carried out for predicting hoist time, which is a key player in hoisting planning. Therefore, this study proposed a prediction model ...

Keywords: Hoisting Time, Luffing-type Crane, High-rise Building

Scheduling Model for Multiple Constrution Projects

Seung Hoon Lee, Yumi Woo, Hei Duck Lee, Yong Chil Seo
Pages 1343-1344

From the end of 20th century, developed countries are making efforts to regenerate old downtown areas of their cities. Urban regeneration program can be simplified as the demolition of existing deteriorated buildings and the construction of multiple new facilities. To maximize the benefit of the construction program within the restricted ...

Keywords: Scheduling, Multiple Projects, Cash-flow, Optimization

Analytical Study On Influence Of Causes For Design Change At Execution Phase - Focused On Private College Facility Projects

Yi Do Lee, Ju Hyung Kim, Jae Jun Kim
Pages 1345-1352

Though remodeling and new construction of college facility are increasing in private colleges as a way to improve educational environment and to secure financial resources, operational soundness and financial stability of college facilities are relatively low in comparison to increase in facility investment because of frequent design changes caused by ...

Keywords: Design Change, AHP Analysis, Private College Facilities, Execution Phase

Developing the Knowledge Management System Based on Business Process

Sung Ho Jung, Ki Seok Lee, Young Woong Song, Hyoung Chul Lim, Yoon Ki Choi
Pages 1353-1358

In the 21st century, knowledge has become one of the management paradigms which determines the organization competitiveness. Therefore, construction companies strive to strengthen the capacity of organization by introducing the knowledge management. However, the current knowledge management system applied in the construction industry is operated without a business process. Hence ...

Keywords: KMS (Knowledge Management System), BP (Business Process), EPC (Engineering, Procurement, Construction)

A Study on the Use of Weather Information in Construction Schedule Management

Jung Min Lim, Seung Kyu Yoo, Ju Hyung Kim, Jae Jun Kim
Pages 1359-1361

Recently, the abnormal climatic changes have been frequently occurred all over world. Construction work is heavily affected by weather because it is mostly performed outdoors unlike other industries. But construction schedule management is not considered by weather in many construction sites and construction work relied on the experience and subjective ...

Keywords: Delay of Construction Period, Process Management, Weather

Education System for Japanese Construction Site Engineers in Quality Management

Masaaki Wagawa, Jung Gon Kim, Shuzo Furusaka
Pages 1362-1363

In Japan, over the last 50 years, quality management of construction projects has come to involve many important issues. Moreover, it is now emphasized in all area of manufacturing. However, it may prove difficult or impossible to assure satisfactory quality, relying only upon laws and regulations concerned with quality measurement. ...

Keywords: Education System, Site Engineer, Quality Management, OJT, Off-JT, Japan

Data Acquisition for Stochastic Localization of Wireless Mobile Client in Multistory Building

Tomohiro Umetani, Tomoya Yamashita, Yuichi Tamura
Pages 1364-1369

This paper describes a method for the localization of wireless mobile clients in multistory buildings using a wireless LAN system. The method uses public wireless LAN access points for users and robots that are settled at many places in a multistory building. Data on the physical position of personal electronic ...

Keywords: Wireless LAN, Localization, Multistory Building, Data Acquisition, Stochastic Estimation

High Efficient Synchronization-On-Demand Protocol of IEEE802.15.4 Wireless Sesnor Network for Construction Monitoring

Ji-De Huang, Wen-Jong Wu, Jen-Yu Han, Hui-Ping Tserng, Chih-Ting Lin
Pages 1370-1375

The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technology has been employed in the field of civil engineering especially in structural monitoring and construction safety. To be used in construction safety, the time-synchronization within the sensor network is required to obtain important correlations between events, such as the prevention of equipment collisions. In this work, ...

Keywords: Wireless sensor network, synchronization, ultrasonic localization, Anti-collision system

Environmental Thermal Energy Scavenging Powered Wireless Sensor Network for Building Monitoring

Qian Huang, Chao Lu, Mark Shaurette, Robert F. Cox
Pages 1376-1380

In recent years there has been increasing interest in innovative design and construction of sustainable high- performance buildings. Among the innovative techniques proposed to increase building performance is to dynamically sense, control and manage the ambient building environment, such as temperature, humidity, air quality, artificial lighting, etc. through the installation ...

Keywords: Energy Harvesting, Thermoelectric Generator, Wireless Sensor Network

Development of an Innovative Bridge Monitoring System for Multi Disasters

H. P. Tserng, K. C. Chang, Miroslaw Skibniewski, C. C. Chen, Y. F. Liu
Pages 1381-1384

Transportation infrastructure plays an important role in national development. With such unique geographic environment, bridges become the majority of transportation infrastructure and building the bridges is regarded as one of the most important public construction projects in Taiwan. However, Taiwan is also known as its natural disasters such as earthquakes ...

Keywords: Bridge Monitoring System (BMS), Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)

A Method of Value System Design for Realization of Project Goals in the Urban Regeneration Project

Yong Sun Jeon; Jung Ho Yu
Pages 1386-1391

The objective of an urban regeneration project is recovery of urban utilities through a physical, environmental, cultural, industrial and economic regeneration. The current paradigm of urban regeneration is not a simple redevelopment as physical redevelopment or improvement. Urban Regeneration is an overall development including a central commercial capacity and business ...

Keywords: Urban Regeneration, AHP, Value System Design

A Plan of Applying BIM for Improving Information Compatibility at Initial Phase of Building Project

Sun Young Choi, Yo Han Kim, Ju Hyung Kim, Jae Jun Kim
Pages 1391-1393

Construction process is divided into pre-design and planning, design, construction, management. Pre-design stage is very important considering the influence on other subsequent works. Recently, it is being increased that the importance of information management and decision-making support at the pre-design stage, and related researches are being conducted. As part of ...

Keywords: Interoperability, BIM, Pre-design Stage, VA-Cityplanner

The Effect of the Quality of Apartment Houses on the Residential Satisfaction and Corporation Performance

Hae Lee Yim, Byeong Hun Lee, Ju Hyung Kim, Jae Jun Kim
Pages 1394-1400

This study is to find out residential satisfaction, moreover, the effect in corporation performance based on a previous research of the influence on consumers’ behavior by consumers’ recognition of the quality of residential environment of apartment house. Further, the empirical study provides a theoretical model comprised of 10 research hypotheses of ...

Keywords: Apartment Housing, Housing Satisfaction, Prediction Model, Corporation Performance

Generic User Manual for Maintenance of Mountain Bike Brakes Based on Augmented Reality

Jorge Martin-Gutierrez
Pages 1401-1406

New smartphones generation provided with webcams, tactile screen and internet connection allow adaptation of new technologies and computer applications to this kind of devices. Augmented reality technology becomes widespread and more used each time by everyone. Augmented reality (AR) seeks creating virtual objects in user interface which superimpose over the ...

Keywords: Augmented Reality, Maintenance Tasks, Braking System

The Integration of Location-Based Service and Augmented Reality Techniques to a Road Management System

Jia-Ruey Chang
Pages 1407-1408

It is almost impossible for road engineers to monitor every road and to successfully and promptly maintain and rehabilitate any defects that have been identified. Therefore, the monitoring and reporting of defects in road systems contributed from the public are indispensable. Location-based service (LBS) has been applied to mobile devices ...

Keywords: Road Management System (RMS), Location-Based Services (LBS), Augmented Reality (AR), Maintenance Activity, Mobile Phone

Robot System for Removing Asbestos Sprayed on Beams

Mitsunori Arai; Haruo Hoshino
Pages 1409-1414

At this time in Japan, buildings built about 40 to 50 years ago are aging, and demands for demolition or re- newal are increasing. Asbestos materials were used in many parts, and for many purposes in these buildings. But now, us- ing asbestos and asbestos containing materials is prohibited by ...

Keywords: Sprayed Asbestos, Robot System, Test On Site

Field Application of a Robotic System on Cable Stays of Incheon Bridge for Snow Removal

Hyun Jun Jung, Tae Hwan Yang, Bong Soo Jang
Pages 1415-1416

Recently, an increase in the number of construction of long span bridges like a cable-stayed bridge has necessitated the development of technologies for long-term maintenance works and safety of vehicles using such bridges. A lot of researches on application of cutting-edge IT technologies and robotics in the civil engineering field ...

Keywords: Long Span Bridges, Long-term Maintenance, Safety of Vehicles, Snow, Snow-removal Robot (SRR)

The Mechanical Analysis of a Legged Field Robot for the Reduction of Longitudinal Mass-Drift Amounts

Dong-Hwan Shin, Jinung An, Seungmin Jeong, Youngshik Kim
Pages 1417-1418

In this paper, we present a legged field robot with a biologically inspired concept like the leg structure. The robot has a feature of only hip-joint actuators for the simplicity of mechanism and control. One of the robot's objectives is to achieve the ability to travel quickly for the reconnaissance ...

Keywords: Longitudinal Mass-drift Amounts, a Legged Field Robot, the Pitch Balancing

A Development of 3D Image Data Merging Module for Intelligent Excavation System

Chang-Yeon Cho, Myungjin Chae, Yoonseok Shin, Moon-Young Cho, Jaewoo Park, Soonwook Kwon
Pages 1419-1421

This research is a part of Intelligent Excavation System (IES) Development Project which aims the autonomous excavator for earthwork. The developed module focuses on measuring real-time productivity for Task Planning System(TPS) of the IES. This module merges 3D data obtained using two different 3D imaging systems : The 3D laser ...

Keywords: IES(Intelligent Excavation System), 3D Image System, Civil Earthwork, Construction Automation, Data Merging Algorithm

Development of Cable Climbing Robotic System for Inspection of Suspension Bridge

Ho Moon Kim, Kyeong Ho Cho, Fengyi Liu, HyoukRyeol Choi
Pages 1422-1423

In this paper, we propose a wheel-based cable climbing robotic system which can climb up and down the vertical cylindrical cables in the suspension bridges. Firstly, we develop climbing mechanism which includes wheels driven by motors and adhesion system.In addition,we propose a special design of adhesion mechanism which can maintain ...

Keywords: Suspension Bridge, Cable Climbing, Climbing Robot

Conceptual Design of Automatic Footing Device for Modular Housing Construction

Kyoon Tai Kim, Chang Han Kim, Du Heon Lee, Young Ho Lee
Pages 1424-1425

Efforts to improve building construction speed have led to a new construction type, called the modular housing. Designs and construction technologies for the modular house have been actively studied in several countries including Japan, and the technologies have also spread. A relative newcomer to this field, Korea intends to develop ...

Keywords: Construction Automation, Module Housing, Automatic Footing Device, Constructability

Intelligent Bridge Inspection Using Remote Controlled Robot and Image Processing Technique

Byeong Ju Lee, Dong Hoon Shin, Jin Won Seo, Jin Deuk Jung, Ji Yeong Lee
Pages 1426-1431

In this paper, we discuss an intelligent bridge inspection system by using a Robot and IT technology which enables acquiring images of the bridge condition for managing the safety of its structure. The purpose of this study is composed of two parts: 1) the image acquisition of a bridge structure ...

Keywords: Bridge Inspection, U-BIROS, Remote Controlled Robot, Digital Image Processing, Crack Detection

Window Contamination Detection Method for the Robotic Building Maintenance System

Min-sung Kang, Seunghoon Lee, Boill Chun, Kyushik Shin, A. E. Traver, Chang-soo Han
Pages 1432-1433

The robotic high-rise building maintenance system is an automated system of performing maintenance works on the outer walls of high-rise buildings, including cleaning, coating, and inspection. This study, a robotic high-rise building maintenance system is proposed that overcomes the conventional limitations and introduces an algorithm for contamination measurement that uses ...

Keywords: Robotic Building Maintenance System, Window Contamination Measuring

Dynamic Design of Hydraulic Pressure Control Valve of Active Suspension System Using Experimental Method

Choon-Tae Lee; Byung-Young Moon
Pages 1434-1439

The controllability of active suspension system in automotive vehicle is strongly affected by the performance of pressure control valve. In this study, a new mathematical model and simulation model of the hydraulic pressure control valve of automotive is proposed. And proposed model of the hydraulic pressure control valve are analyzed. ...

Keywords: Hydraulic Mechanics, Mathematical Model, Design of Servo System, Signal Processing, Hydraulic Valve, Active Suspension System, Vehicle Dynamics

Autonomous Traction Control for the Intelligent Excavator System

Sun Im, Seung-yun Choi, Jong-Bae Lee
Pages 1440-1444

With the recent development of information technology (IT), automation is being introduced in the construction sites as well as in plants. This study was conducted to address autonomous driving in the outside environment as part of the construction automation task in the advanced fusion construction research project of the Ministry ...

Keywords: Excavator, Intelligent Excavator System, Autonomous Traction Control

Development of an Excavator Simulator for an Inteligent Excavating System

Gyu Won Lee, Sun Im, Eung Kon Kim
Pages 1445-1448

Nowadays, many safety accidents are occurring at construction sites. Excavation accidents that concern construction machines are among the leading safety hazards in construction accidents. Therefore, the need for excavation experts is increasing. In this paper, an excavator simulator is presented for training human operators and for tasking in virtual earthworks. ...

Keywords: Excavator, Simulator, Excavation Accident, Virtual Earthwork

An Object Detection Algorithm for 3D Terrain Data Collected via Laser Scanning

Ji Woon Park, Hyun Seok Yoo, Young suk Kim
Pages 1449-1452

The intelligent excavating system (IES) aims for the full-scale automation of the excavation process that includes a series of tasks such as movement, excavation, and loading. The core elements of the IES include excavating robots, 3D modeling of surrounding terrains, and the technology for detecting objects accurately (i.e., for detecting ...

Keywords: Object, Detection, Earth Work, 3D, Excavation

An Experimental Study of Automatic Cleaning Tool and Robot for Facade in High-Rise Buildings

Jin Koo Lee, Jun Hong Ryu, Dong Ju Lee
Pages 1453-1458

Due to the development of construction technology, there is a considerable increase in the number of skyscrapers in the world. Accordingly, there are rapid growing requests about maintenance systems such as cleaning, painting, and monitoring the processes of facade in high-rise buildings. However, it is extremely dangerous working the walls ...

Keywords: Cleaning Tool, Robot, Maintenance, Building Façade, Gondola, Built-in Guide

Facade Cleaning Process Analysis and Evaluation for the Development of an Intelligent Robotic System for High-Rise Building Maintenance

Dea Geon Kim, Kwang Youm Kim, Bok Kyu Kim
Pages 1459-1460

As residents and building owners demand maintenance that is required to achieve sustainable building performance, efficient building management methods are required. Even though the demand for maintenance systems is increasing, current maintenance work for high-rise buildings mostly uses conventional ropes and gondolas that pose a high risk of accidents and ...

Keywords: High-rise Building Facade Maintenance System, Robot System, Motion Research, Work Mechanism, Cleaning Work Analysis, Basic Techniques

Inteligent Crack Detecting Algorithm on the Concrete Crack Image Using Neural Network

Hyeong-Gyeong Moon; Jung-Hoon Kim
Pages 1461-1467

Safety inspection of concrete structures should be strictly carried out since it is closely related with the structural health and reliability. However, it is difficult to find cracks by a visual check for the extremely large structures. So, the development of crack detecting systems has been a significant issue. Final ...

Keywords: Automatic Concrete Crack Detection, Image processing, Construction Safety and Maintenance, Backpropagation Neural Network

A Study on Hybrid Force/ Motion Control for Automated Robotic Building Maintenance System

Seunghoon Lee, Min-sung Kang, Jing Wu, Kyushik Shin, A. E. Traver, Chang-soo Han
Pages 1468-1469

Owing to the increasing number of high-rise buildings and large glass facades and the resulting problem of safe and effective maintenance, many trials have taken place in the last few years to develop automated cleaning systems. So as to guide the robot’s movement on the facade, this study proposes the ...

Keywords: Robotic Building Maintenance System, Window Contamination Measuring, Hybrid Force/ Motion Control

Space Planning with Green Perspective

Yingchun Hsu
Pages 1470-1471

As technology progresses and software developer’s increasing effort, we can foresee that the bi-directional procedures between design/analysis platforms will be shorten dramatically over time to improve the efficiency of building model analysis. But how about the decision-making phase that even before models been built for analysis? By adopting the Space ...

Keywords: Space Planning, Space Dynamic Behavior, Form Generation, Bubble Diagram, Energy Saving

Optimization of Manufacturing Conditions for Spline of Drum Clutch Hub Taguchi Method

Joon-Hong Park, Seung-Gyu Kim, Seung-Kul Baek, Young-Chul Park
Pages 1472-1477

A large variety of metal forming processes is required in manufacturing for automotive applications. Traditionally the design process for metal forming tools is based on trial-and-error and on the skill of experienced die- makers. This approach results in high development cost and long lead-times. Especially spline of drum clutch hub ...

Keywords: FE-Simulation, Drum Clutch Hub, Spline, Manufacturing Conditions, Design of Experiment, Taguchi Method

PC Based Computer-Aided Training Program for Harbor Structure Design

Yunsu Na, Sunghwan Park, Jihyun Nam, Sangmo Ahn, Ryo Yamamoto, Jang-Ho Jay Kim, YunMook Lim
Pages 1478-1479

The design engineers for harbor structures normally learned the trades from their company or self-educated at the beginning of their career. Due to this unsystematic education approach, each design company has its own design format and accumulated design databases. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop a design ...

Keywords: Harbor Structure Design, Computer Aided, Caisson, Cost Optimization

Design of Mooring Fittings of Ship Epqipment by Using The Finite Element Method

Jung-Yong Han; Byung-Young Moon
Pages 1480-1485

Mooring and Towing Fittings mean various devices and fittings to safely fasten vessels to quays, jetties, sea- floating buoys. etc. They include devices such as mooing winches and capstans, fitting such as chocks, fairleads, guide rollers, bollards, and bitts, and the seats and reinforced parts of vessels such fittings are ...

Keywords: Design Of Ship Equipment System, Structural Safety, Fitting Device, Design of Mooring System, Chock, Standardization Model, Equipment Test, Safety Working Load

A Study on Highly Efficient Cargo Handling System

Kyoung Taik Park
Pages 1486-1490

This paper presents the energy saving methods and energy storage system to be required for the highly efficient cargo system in container terminal. The best proper method of energy saving is decided by the operation method of cargo handling system and the saving effect of this method is studied. The ...

Keywords: Yard Tractor, Cargo Handling, Energy Storage System, Battery, Hybrid System, Energy Saving

A Study on the Method of Estimating Environmental Load on Earthwork

Min Ho Kang; Hyung Keun Park
Pages 1491-1492

Great efforts have been made worldwide to reduce the Green House Gas (GHG) emission following the "Kyoto Protocol" declared during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1997. Many industries have restructured to meet the standard set by the Protocol. In construction industry, however, no clear guidance has ...

Keywords: LCA, Earthwork, Environmental Load, Green House Gas

CO2 Emissions from Forest Clear Cut in Road Contruction Project

Hyounkyu Lee, Byungil Kim, Hyoungbae Park, Hyoungkwan Kim
Pages 1493-1498

Major sources of CO2 release caused by anthropogenic activities include fossil fuel combustion, cement production, and forest clear cut. The first two sources have been recognized as important in the construction industry; efforts have been made to find the causes of and the solutions to the emissions in the fuel ...

Keywords: Road Construction, Forest Clear Cut, CO2 Emissions or GHG

Causes Analysis of Unsold New Housing Stock by Causal Loop Diagram

Min-Ji Kwoun, Sang-Hyo Lee, Ju-Hyung Kim, Jae-Jun Kim
Pages 1499-1500

The unsold new housing stock is an important phenomenon that affects the financial status of construction companies in the housing market. It gets impacts from various variables constituting the housing market. This study identified the causes of 'unsold new housing stock' by analyzing the correlation between unsold new housing stock ...

Keywords: Unsold New Housing Stock, Housing Market, System Dynamics, Causal Loop Diagram (CLD)

Study on a Way to Estimate Reasonable Cost of Construction Works - Focused on Formworks in Korea

Jin Won Kim, Sun Young Choi, JuHyung Kim, Jae Jun Kim
Pages 1501-1506

This study was carried out being focused on formworks in order to provide a way to estimate reasonable cost of construction works in Korea. The scope of the study was set to the period after 2004 when actual cost estimating system was introduced and a survey of specialists was conducted. ...

Keywords: Actual Cost Estimating System, Rational Construction Cost, Formwork

Study on the Major Delay Factors in Finishing Works before Completion of Construction

Min Seok Kim, Seung Kyu Yoo, Ju Hyung Kim, Jae Jun Kim
Pages 1507-1510

There are many variations and risks in construction work and the risk is getting increased in accordance of big scale, variation and complexity for the construction work. If the process management is not planned thoroughly, it affects the construction period. . The delay of construction period causes the increase of ...

Keywords: Process Management, Delay of Construction Period, Finishing Work

Analysis of Success Factors in Construction IT Convergence

JungA Lim, Soonwook Kwon, Sunghoon Park, Mina Lee
Pages 1511-1512

Construction-IT convergence is necessary considering the challenges faced with the construction industry such as reduction of carbon bi-products and energy saving. To promote the convergence, having a proper business model for bringing the best services to its clients is very important. This study aims to present an Evaluation Index, as ...

Keywords: Construction-IT, Convergence, Evaluation Model, Key Success Factors

A Conceptualization for the Automation of a Lift Car Operation in High Rise Building Construction

Jong Hyun Lee, Soon Wook Kwon, Mi Na Lee
Pages 1513-1516

The objective of this study provide a conceptualization for the automation of lift car operations on high-rise building construction sites, in order to build high-rise building effectively and make a proper lifting plan. We got the week point of a hand-operated lift car, and got problems of an automatic lift ...

Keywords: Lift Car, High-rise Building, Automation of Lift Car, USN, WSN

A Derivation of the Factors for Risk Management in the U-City Construction Industry

Hoki Kim, Soon wook Kwon, Jonghyun Lee, Heesung Park
Pages 1517-1519

The u-City project proceeds through combining urban development with IT technology. The u-City project has more risks because it has more complexity and diversity compared with normal urban development. Therefore, the u- City project needs a comprehensive risk management system which can control risk factors quantitatively. The current study proposes ...

Keywords: u-City, Risk Management, Risk Factor, Project Planning Phase

Development of the Performance Management Process Based on Risk Breakdown Structure at Business Processes in the Central City Mixed-Used Regeneration

Chang-Teak Hyun, Myung-Jin Son, RunZhi, Dae-Hyun Kim, You-Sang Yoon
Pages 1520-1523

Recently, CBD(Central Business District) mixed-used regeneration programs(mega-projects) composing various types of residential, commercial, office, and cultural facilities are being promoted to maximize land and space utilization in the inside and outside of the country. It has advantages that meet the functions and the needs of each facility and create new ...

Keywords: CBD Mixed-used Regeneration, Risk Breakdown Structure, Risk & Performance Measurement, Three- dimensional Area Measurement Method